MANSHOOR-E-MUSLIM

(The Muslim Charter)

“We are for the resolution of all our problems within the constitutional framework, seek an honourable place for my community in governance, development and public representation, keen to see that 200 million strong Muslim population is no more exploited by the touts of politics, political parties and the individual politicians, as a community it plays its due role in shaping the destiny of India and in this process achieve for itself indirect rule through the adoption of demand based politics and the same is culminating into securing for it the proportionate representation in all walks of life because this is where the actual redressal to all our grievencies lies.”.

INTRODUCTION

Present poor state of Muslim Society demands that such a charter is chalked out for the society which may bring within its domain sincere and matured people who are really interested in the welfare of Muslim community. For this purpose some journalistic efforts is also essential rather inevitable so that the message reaches the audience including common Muslims and also elites. Naturally, it demanded a comprehensive and solid strategy, liaison with leadership and the government agency.

Present plight of Indian Muslims, be it moral, social, educational, financial or political requires objective appreciation and sustain efforts and also proper awakening amongst Muslim community.

It is also necessary to mention here that I started to write and compile this charter on 10th December, 1992 in accordance with a planned strategy which I had chalked out after considering all pros and cons. This process continued for several years and one may and may not believe I contributed ten to twelve hours for several days. It is another thing that I was able to present before the public only in the month of July 1996. Now after nine years I have reviewed it and presenting it to you after necessary modifications and additions. This charter of Muslim problems is a unique document of its kind. Its study will provide a clear and true understanding of ground realities with reference to Muslim problems which will create a favorable atmosphere for thought, action and movement at both individual and collective levels. I hope so, also expect and by the grace of God do also believe it Insha-Allah. I may once again repeat that Manshoor-e-Muslim has come out from the womb of demolition of Babri Masjid as a wanted baby.

I am a Muslim-My belief

  • I profess Islam, it is my religion
  • I believe that Almighty Allah has sent Prophets and Messengers for all the communities, areas and geographical diversities of the world to protect and instruct human beings. They have apprised the mankind of the difference between good and evil. The criterion to ascertain the quality of one person over the other is to adjudge him on the basis of his righteousness and piety and not with reference to his colour, creed, language, occupation, the region he hails from and his worldly status.
  • I believe that Islam is the religion of nature and it is the only resource to all creatures of the world. It is a religion that begins with Adam and completes at Mohammad (peace be upon him).We should be understood as being Muslims and not just Mohammedans. \
  • I believe that about one lakh and twenty four thousand Prophets were sent by God for rendering spiritual guidance to the mankind, the first being Adam and the last being Prophet Mohammad (peace be upon him).
  • Being a Muslim I respect all these Prophets and Messengers and in case I fail to do so I shall cease to be a Muslim and is debarred of the fold of Islam.
  • I believe that Quran came down as revelation to Prophet Mohammad for the spiritual guidance to mankind and no one has a right to make my addition, subtraction or alteration in it.
  • I believe that the provisions ordained in Quran regarding various problems, issues and points, which are, undoubtedly unambiguous and directory in nature shall continue to remain as such till the Day of Judgment.
  • I believe that the problems, issues and points, that remain untouched in Quran but prophet Mohammad has his sayings on various issues which, in the modern terminology, may be described as clear principles, rules, regulations, orders and directions the same shall also continue to remain as such and continue to be followed as such till the day of judgment.
  • I believe that if such a matter or situation arises that does not find a mention in Quran or Hadith (a tradition or narration in relating, describing a saying or an action of Prophet Mohammad) it may be decided by none else but by the Islamic scholars and theologists of every period who had been vested with the right of IJTEHAD (The logical deduction on a theological question by a group of learned and enlightened Islamic scholars). All the decisions taken by them shall be equally binding on all the Muslims and it will also be mandatory for every Muslim to abide by those decisions. (Presently no such centralized system exists though it is essentially required under the given circumstances).
  • I believe that this life is transient and is like a journey. It is a passage and not the destination. The real destination is the life which would start in the form of departure from this mortal world to the eternal world i.e. immediately after death.
  • I believe that the success in this world and the world hereafter can only be achieved by following and implementing the Shariat of Islam as it is revealed to Prophet Mohammed (PBUH).
  • I believe that a Muslim is bound to respect all religions, their followers, their ways to worship and places of worship and there is no reason of religious differences becoming the cause of mutual contention and hostility in any manner.
  • I believe that there is no place for coercion, force, temptation or greed in the propagation of a religion. Our duty is to just extend an invitation for true faith and thereafter it is for Allah to guide its recipient. Islam, as a faith, stands for quality, that is, quality of righteousness, and not the quantity that is, mere exposure. It is not a race for numbers.
  • I believe that Islam is a religion of peace (Aman), safety (Salamati) and conciliation (Sulah). It rightly rejects FITNA (an act or acts which may generate discord, spread hatred, provoke for violence and threaten peace and tranquility in society), discourage FASAD (conflict) and QITAL (killing of innocent). It speaks of peaceful co-existence and strongly believes in the right of every individual to choose the faith of his/her own choice. It respects all shades of opinion and is against all forms of indoctrinations. It is based on mutual existence, common program, understanding, non violence and good morality. Concepts like extremism, fanaticism, terrorism, obscurantism and racialism have no place in Islam.
  • I believe that every effort and practice generating sedition, riot, mischief, fighting, oppression and terrorism etc in society is unislamic. Islam gives utmost respect to human life. Islam forbids suicide and does not sanction euthanasia or self killing or putting the peace and tranquility in the society in danger under any circumstances. It speaks for patience and refrains one to be aggressive. It believes in defense and disapproves offence until it becomes necessary or is imposed. Promotion of justice, equity, equality, logic, rationality and moderation in systems and societies are its priorities.
  • I believe that whenever situation demands a Shariah opinion, the central Dar-ul- Ifta of concerned Maslak (school of thought) be approached by preparing a comprehensive questionnaire personally in case of individual problem and at the level of institutions in case of problems affecting the community as a whole. The best course would be to constitute such a Markazi Dar-ul-Ifta( central institution of issuing sermons, decrees and edicts) consisting of credible, competent and qualified Muftis (the Muslim jurists) of all the four Maslaks (Schools of thought) so that fatwas (decrees) issued through this system may be applicable to the entire Muslim population of India.

ISLAM THAT I STRONGLY BELIEVE IN AND PRESENT TO ALL THOSE WHO ARE NOT YET BLESSED BY THIS ETERNAL GIFT OF ALMIGHTY ALLAH

  • Islam is the fastest growing religion in the West, Europe, America and the world.
  • Islam is not confined to any particular race, region, culture, civilization, language country or continent. Its universal acceptance is in itself an ample proof of its universal appeal.
  • Every fourth man in the world is a believer in Islam.
  • Islam is the consummation of all religions. By accepting the Prophets and scriptures of all nations, Islam affirms God’s Unity and universal providence, as well as the universality of religious experience. Quran in Sura16, A-36 says,” For We assuredly sent amongst every people a Messenger”.
  • Islam is DEEN (the final code of conduct for mankind). It consists of two parts. (1) IBADAAT (prayers) -Huqooq-ul-Allah, Acts which are undertaken to seek pleasure and blessing of Almighty Allah like offering Namaz, keeping fast, going for pilgrimage to Makkah and Madina, payment of Zakat, due to the poor etc. (2) MUAMLAAT (worldly deeds) -Huqooq-ul-Ibad, All those acts which affects or are related to the governance of human relations like individual, its relationship with other individuals, group or groups, institution or institutions, neighbourhood, governance, general conduct, political, economic, social and moral justice, transactions, business, trade, industry, banking, finance, relations between Muslims and Muslims, Muslims and holders of eternal message (Ahle-kitab), Muslims and Non Muslims, matters relating to peace, war, treatment of prisoners, tranquility, brotherhood, general order and discipline and what not.
  • Islam is not a religion which calls upon its followers to leave the society, abandon social responsibilities, take shelter in an isolated place, go into deep meditation, or isolation, break family bonds, sacrifice married life, not to have children, not to do business and lead life of comfort. Rather it makes all this mandatory and says that this is where the salvation lies.
  • Islam is a practical faith which allows its followers to satisfy all the genuine urges as long as they are not directed against the welfare of fellow human beings and also do not violate the Islamic code of ethics and morality, a code that essentially prohibits direct or indirect involvement or indulgence in any inhuman, immoral and unethical act, acts, activity or activities.
  • Islam is a faith which calls upon its followers to initiate any good action, decision and deed by pronouncing,” Oh Lord I seek your refuge from the ill effects of the forces of evil and begin to perform in your name i.e. Almighty Allah who is most merciful and most benevolent.
  • Islam is a faith which makes it mandatory for every Muslim to offer Salamati (blessing of peace) any number of times one meets the fellow being.
  • Islam as a social philosophy guarantees peace, order, discipline and harmony in the human society by making its believers to pronounce and practice that,” Let there be no compulsion in religion” Sura.2, A-13 and ,” To be your way, And to me mine” Sura.109, A-6 (Holy Quran).
  • Islam teaches a Muslim to lead a life which is determined and dominated by complete application and full execution of the noble concept of Jihad which implies;

    1. Be a perfect human being, “by exercising self control and self restraint on all sick, filthy, inhuman, immoral and too materialistic temptations, tendencies and inclinations.

    2. When you see or observe an individual, group, organization or state indulging in an uncivilized act or acts, adopt the following strategy;
  • Firstly feel it bad, incorrect and wrong.
  • Secondly through postures try to convey to the befouled that he or she is doing something wrong.
  • Thirdly caution the one involved through soft use of tongue by taking to the course of making a suggestion, advice, counsel or any other means deemed fit and make the reform possible through education, persuasion or personal influence.
  • Fourthly adopt collective wisdom to build up suitable public opinion and use moral pressure to push, prompt and compel the befouled to abandon the foul act, habit, attitude, temperament or temptation.
  • Fifthly if you are holding a position of influence/power then stop the evil by hand but, without resorting to the means of violence or aggression.
  • Sixthly if the act is of a nature that it can disrupt general peace, social order and harmony in the society then stop the evil by use of force or weapon absolutely like a situation in which surgery becomes inevitable to save the body. In a civilized society where there is constitutional governance in place and there are institutions to maintain law and order, protect human rights, seek political, social and economic justice and redress grievances through judiciary and other constitutional means, the sixth option and its implementation is out of question.
  • Islam permits to go to war to sovereign Muslim countries and societies under extremely hostile conditions. When all means of peaceful resolution of dispute/disputes get exhausted and going to war remains the only option, then only offence and aggression is allowed and that too when the capability to go to war and also to win are apparent and almost certain.
  • Under any circumstances, for any reasons and on any ground or pretext innocent can not be targeted in Islam, come what may.

  • Islam is a faith which provides the mankind equal and equitable access to the use of nature and its resources for the good of the humanity because it considers that everything in and of nature belongs to the eternal kingdom of Almighty Allah and therefore, all have equal rights to use the nature for the common good of humanity. This is a point from where the concept of trade and internationalism originate.
  • Islam as a faith attaches due importance to acquiring of formal and informal knowledge which implies the study of nature through various academic disciplines. Muslims during their brighter days were too close to science, research and exploration of new inventions. This is how the faith was interpreted initially and was acted upon. We are surging ahead to regain the past glory.
  • Islam offers a fair and just basis of transaction and this is now reflecting in the realization of the need to implement the Islamic banking. Right from UNO to our country solid moves can be seen in this direction. Islam is against charging or offering interest because it provides for profit and loss sharing banking and business mechanism. The Muslim society has no history of Mahajans or of their exploitation of poor masses and farmers.
  • Islam is a faith which calls upon its followers to protect environment, preserve nature, its eternal beauty, the wildlife and human dignity and self esteem of one and all.
  • Islam offers a system of governance in which the poorest of poor can publicly question the integrity, honesty and credibility of the ruler. Study of the Khilafat, founded by Prophet Mohammad bears testimony to this fact. The period of Caliphs Hazrat Abu Bakr, Hazrat Omar Farooq, Hazrat Usman and Hazrat Ali is part of this tradition. This democratic world is yet to offer a system better than that. Unfortunately Muslims around the world have lost the direction.
  • Islam is the friend of the poorest of the poor, the oppressed, isolated, alienated, discarded, abandoned, orphan, left out, mentally derailed or challenged and physically disabled.
  • Islam offers a provision of Zakat(2.5% on the market value of 90 Grams of gold or cash equal to that by the rich to the poor), Ushur to the state(10% worth of the standing crop to sustain the needs of the poor farmer is charged by the Islamic state from those who are achieving the crop through natural resources and 20% from those whose case is otherwise), Qarz-e-Hasana(voluntary loan to the needy with no mandatory claim of recovery), Sadqa(charity at will by anyone and to anybody, necessarily for a good cause/purpose) Fitra(to be compulsorily paid by those who are entitled to pay Zakat and voluntarily may be paid by any one worth of paying it to those who are poor by financial means and can not sustain the joy of Eid). It is individually paid for all the living members of the family including the new born. It is calculated on the basis of the total market cost of 1.300 kg of wheat or corn per individual).
  • Islam as a faith also considers the physiological and psychological needs of both man and women and therefore, considers the institution of marriage, as being sacred for the grooming of the present and breeding of the coming generations. It allows man to have more than one wife provided he can ensure and assure equal and equitable treatment to all the wives and to wives right to seek separation and go in for re-marriage. Family as an institution in Islamic scheme of things enjoys a very prominent place. Islam recognizes the preciousness of human relations and emotional bonds attached to them.
  • An affluent person requiring having more than one woman can legitimately do so by bringing in his Nikah another mature woman from another family by offering her and her family all the due respect, dignity and self respect. Consent of the first wife is essential and desirable.
  • A person whose wife remains constantly sick and forfeits physical competence to discharge her duties as mother and wife, genuinely requires another woman for the upkeep of normal routine of life, can go in for another marriage.
  • A person, whose wife dies a premature death, also has the option to go in for second marriage.
  • A person, whose wife’s infertility has been permanently proved, also has the option to go in for second marriage.
  • It is desirable in Muslim society that those men who can afford more than one wife must take in their Nikah widows whose husband die normal death or die in accident, social disorders and war, divorcees and also daughters from the very poor families, parents of whom are not able to bear the worldly cost of marriage or because of their poverty boys are not attracting towards them.
  • A woman tired of her husband’s cruel or immoral attitude can seek separation.
  • A woman whose husband is impotent to discharge his duties as husband may also seek separation.
  • A woman who becomes widow may marry again.
  • A woman who becomes divorcee may marry again.
  • A woman even after marriage remains part of her parental family. After divorce or becoming widow she goes back to her family in a natural course.

    “Look at the proportionate balance that Allah maintains in the population of man and women and this equation is dwindling in those societies and communities where forced family planning and female feticide is rampant. Besides China, France and other western countries in some parts of India like Punjab, Haryana, Delhi and Himachal the affluent and educated communities are the cruelest to girls are some of the recent examples to quote”

    It would be interesting to quote a piece of statistics from the census 2001

    (No. of girls/1000 boys)
    Child sex ratio
    National Average: 927


Who did badly?

  • Sikhs 786
  • Jains 870
  • Hindus 925

Who did well?

  • Christians 964
  • Muslims 950
  • Buddhists 942

    Islam wants its followers to fully utilize their energies to earn this material world, enjoy all its legitimate fruits but in a manner that the life hereafter is neither sacrificed nor ruined. What a practical and dynamic faith Islam is, a faith in which eternal world is earned through material (mortal) world. Islam is a great religious and spiritual experience.
  • Islam Whose God is the God of all creatures, known or not known, the Central Eternal Authority, the Supreme and the Sole Lord of the universe, Creator and Sustainer of all worlds, the nature and the whole of mankind.
  • Islam whose Prophet is not the Prophet for Muslims alone but is the Prophet of all generations of mankind right from Adam onwards. Look here is a Prophet who does not reject the earlier Prophets, rather testifies all of them and makes it mandatory for his followers to believe in all of them in order to be his followers.Islam says that God’s universal providence would be denied if Prophets were raised for one nation only and if the other nations have no Prophets.
  • Islam honors the religious experience of those who came before its revelation. That is why it calls upon the believers to respect all religions and their Founders and therefore logically declares that Islam is the only way and means of salvation.
  • Islam offers the logic behind this affirmation and that is that there can’t be more than one constitution for one universe, can’t be more than one head for one family, can’t be more than one rule of governance for administration of the same universe, can’t be more than one central authority of one kingdom, and can’t be more than one channel of introspection.
  • Islam believes that this universe and all its creatures have some common universal bonds too like the cycle of birth and death is common to all, the urge to find comfort is again common to all, all need food, shelter, water, air and sun. These are all universal needs and requirements of all species but in terms of physique, nature, habits, shape and formulation we have been kept different. No two skins, face, fingers, hairs, nose, shape of body, mind, temperament, attitude, likings and disliking are exactly the same because the nature works on the principle of maintaining independent entity for each being. In Islam each soul is an independent soul. It out rightly rejects the concept of rebirth.
  • Since as per Islamic mythology God is one, His Will in a natural course has to be one, His Mission has to be one, His Policy of punishment and reward has to be one, His Mechanism of evaluation and accountability has to be one and this whole thing is logically based on the modern day principles of management like unity of command, unity of direction, and absoluteness of authority and responsibility.
  • Islam has been described as a middle path and as such it rejects all forms of extremism whether that is aggressive or non aggressive and positive or negative.
  • Islam that I believe in calls upon the believers that,” Not one of you is a believer until he loves for his brother what he loves for himself”.
  • Finally Islam accepts all the religious literature and content of all the religions as long as it is not against the fundamental teachings of Islam which have been described in the chapter,” I am a Muslim”.

I Am a Citizen of India

India is my home land and motherland

  • I am a patriot.
  • I am proud of my country.
  • I am the adopter, follower and custodian of the constitution of India.
  • I have made the same sacrifices of life, property, dignity and honour as the persons professing other religions have made for the attainment of independence of my country.
  • This country belongs to me as it belongs to any other citizen of this country.
  • I wish to enjoy the same constitutional rights in true letter and spirit which other citizens of India do enjoy.
  • I am dedicated to the security, existence, welfare and development of my beloved country and am determined not to refrain from making any sacrifice for any of the said purposes.
  • I look forward to make any sacrifice for the defense and national security of the country and at the same time am willing to sacrifice my life for the honour and dignity of the country.
  • I have the same relationship with my country as the soul has with the body or body with the soul.
  • I am not only always ready to play my due role to achieve the peace and tranquility throughout the country by promoting national integrity, communal harmony, fraternity, brotherhood and mutual understanding amongst the people of India but I also feel bound to play the said role for the accomplishment of these objectives.
  • My religion, Islam, its Shariah and jurisprudence are no hindrance in my being loyal to any political system which does not have any restriction on the freedom of exercising religious rights and duties.
  • The truth is that the first lesson of patriotism is taught by my religion as there is no contradiction between Islam and patriotism. However, this is conditional. I do have Some Feelings
  • I am the most down trodden segment of the Indian society.
  • I am victim of sense of deprivation and insecurity.
  • Despite all constitutional safeguards I feel that I am a “second rate citizen”.
  • I am not properly and numerically represented in all spheres of life.
  • I am a toy in the hands of politicians and political parties with which they play in the manner, they like.
  • My share in the overall development and prosperity of the country is negligible.
  • I am the victim of frequently occurred communal Hindu-Muslim riots and these riots have been occurring in all the political regimes. Many a time the behaviour of government officials with me is also not fair and judicious, if not communal.
  • My religion and religious values becomes target of undue and unwanted criticism every now and then and the government has no check over these people, organizations and parties doing so.
  • My religious places are not protected completely. In spite of coming into force of the protection of Religious places Act, 1991, claims are made over the historical mosques at Kashi and Mathura openly and some times this list goes up to 3000 and 30,000.
  • Persons criticizing my culture, civilization, moral values, historical heritage and Muslim laws are enjoying unchecked liberty. Why this double and hypocritical attitude towards me?
  • Why is my integrity doubted? Why is it so that no Muslim has been made the chief of RAW, CBI, National Election Commission or Indian Army?
  • Why do the responsible government officials not take care of the areas inhabited by my community?
  • Why unnecessary interference is made in my educational institutions?
  • Why am I not getting equal opportunities to rise further?
  • My representation in institutions, entrusted with maintaining law and order, such as, police etc is just for the sake of name.
  • Why is there no Muslim Regiment in the armed forces of the country?
  • Am I merely a vote Bank, nothing else?
  • Do I lack the intellect and understanding as compared to my sisters and brothers in other communities?
  • Why have I been deprived of enjoying the fruits of development and leading a comfortable life?
  • Should I not consider myself an equal partner in the affairs of country?
  • Are the constitutional safeguards merely on paper and there is hardly any regard for their spirit?
  • Should I allow the feelings of deprivation and insecurity to grow?

I do have Some Expectations

  • I deserve fair treatment.
  • I should not be treated a mere vote Bank.
  • My religious feelings should be duly regarded.
  • Constitutional safeguards are acted upon.
  • I should not be made a target of criticism or humiliation for no reason.
  • My dignity should not be hurt advertently or inadvertently.
  • Serious considerations are given to solve my problems.
  • I should not be implicated in only emotional problems and misled.
  • I should be given all protections as also representation in all spheres of life as per my percentage in the total population of India.
  • I should be provided financial assistance to consolidate my economic strength.
  • Special concessional schemes are pronounced to establish more minority educational institutions, their implementation monitored and accountability fixed.
  • I should not be looked upon with suspicion.
  • Mark of interrogation should not be put on my patriotism.
  • After all, I am a citizen of India and I also love my country. I also want to be an equal partner and a co-sharer in its development and prosperity.

    It is also my cherished desire, like any other Indian citizen to lay my life for the dignity of my country. I am also a golden chapter of India’s history, why do I not get proper prompting and encouragement? Why does my future look insecure?

    Indian Muslims and Expectations


    India became independent on 15th August, 1947. To achieve this freedom all the sections of the society played their respective roles with utmost devotion. Muslims and Muslim leadership too, like their other brother citizens also discharged their national responsibility in a dignified manner and participated in freedom struggle and never hesitated for any sacrifice in the thorny journey of achieving the freedom. After independence, the leadership of the country initiated the job of framing the constitution ensuring equal rights for all and evolving such a social structure based on democracy, secularism and equality. It was assured that the honor, dignity, life and property, belief, moral values, economy, culture, civilization and historical heritage of each section will not only be protected but the constitutional safeguards will also be made available to ensure the availability of opportunities for their development and uplift.

    Hence, the constitution of India was drafted in the same spirit and became enforceable on 26th January 1950. The facts on paper are similar but the ground realities are full of discrepancies and contradiction. National society is emerging in the form of a misbalanced society. This is not only sad but alarming too.

    Constitution of India and Indian Muslims Constitution of India, particularly its part 3 (Fundamental Rights), if acted upon in true letter and sprit, provides complete protective cover to the minorities including Muslims, It grants all fundamental rights such as equality before law, equality of employment opportunity, freedom of religion, freedom of expression, freedom to minorities to establish their institutions etc., to all irrespective of cast, colour, creed and religion one belongs to. Thus constitution of India is, undoubtedly, a holy book containing law of the land and it is the duty of the three organs – the legislature, the judiciary and the executive to preserve the sanctity of the provisions of this great book. But unfortunately Indian Muslims now do not repose the same faith in these organs which they had contemplated and reposed in them at the dawn of independence. Indian Muslims as also the whole world was watching the demolition of Babri masjid on 6th December, 1992 despite order of the Supreme Court to maintain the status quo. It shattered entire Muslim community and all civilized people and at that time one was made to believe as things will not improve in future. But time is a great healing factor and this civilized world sooner or later realizes its follies. Things improved in the passage of time and the Muslims started coming up. But still situation demands that the provisions of the constitution should be faithfully, honestly and religiously implemented so far as Indian Muslims are concerned. Otherwise every constitutional promise shall be like a promise made by an immature lover to his immature beloved (as we notice in Indian movies every now and then) whose intention is malafide right from day one and his only intention is to betray her after quenching his thirst. Similarly, our politicians quench their thirst by making opportunistic use of Muslim vote and immediately after election forget about them and the plight of Indian Muslims becomes secondary even to the 1942 love story.

    Democracy and the Indian Muslims

    Democracy is the game of numbers and those who are greater in number shall practically have precedence over the minority group. In other words, whatever the matters and whatever the decisions may be, it is natural that majority view shall prevail and the minority group shall always depend on majority even in matters pertaining to them exclusively. Its living example is the presence of less than 30 Muslim Members of parliament in a legislature of 543 members and that, too, from different political parties. Whereas as per their percentage of population they should be above 90.. They have failed to exert and pressure as an effective pressure group. As a matter of fact Indian Muslims have reconciled that they have no role to play in Indian polity and their role is secondary. It is a myth, not a reality, if seen objectively. They should come out of this vicious circle and realize that in the present world it is practically impossible to harass minority community. There may be some temporary turmoil but they must know that the whole world is watching and the violation of minority rights, be it in any part of the world, is the violation of human rights and it pinches every civilized person whosoever and wherever he or she may be. Besides, no civilized nation can afford to ignore what is provided in UN Declaration on minority rights adopted in1992.

Majority Community and the Indian Muslims Muslims, in general, have been maintaining cordial relations with the majority community but at the same time it can not be denied that there is some sort of bitterness in the relations between Indian Muslims and majority community. Both communities have got certain suspicions against each other. Besides, there are certain elements in minority and majority communities, who at frequent intervals arouse their communal passions. Communal riots, matters relating to Muslim personal law, issue of Urdu, Babri Masjid dispute, misrepresentation of historical facts, presentation of Islam in negative and aggressive form, suspicion about the integrity of Muslims, keeping the Muslims away from the mainstream and making the people understand that they do not join the national mainstream are such other matters or issues which are being publicized by communal parties, organizations and elements from time to time. Being influenced by this, sometimes our responsible representatives, government officers and employees are also not able to keep them away from such dirty politics and this poison is continuing to spread over. Scars of partition have not disappeared as yet though a period of more than fifty years has elapsed. Venom of communalism comes out of the packed bottle in a communally surcharged atmosphere.

On one hand the Hindu communalism has been responsible for such a situation and on the other hand there are elements even in the Muslim community who become so emotional and aggressive that they commit un-excusable follies. As a result, it encourages Hindu communalism on one side and provides necessary communal food to these elements on the other side. In this situation Muslims and their leaders must take a moderate view and should take only such decisions which are in their interest but at the same time are not inconsistent with national interest. Patriotism and the country must always be their first preference.

MUSLIM LEADERSHIP A SAD TALE

Apparently there is no dearth of Muslim Leaders, organizations, parties as also personalities who have been discussing the deteriorating conditions of Muslims. At the same time there are a large number of persons who aspire a better future for Indian Muslims. In spite of all that, even today the Indian Muslims are subject to personal skirmishes, personal rivalries, groupism, hatred, mental and psychological depression and such other problems.

Here, my intention is not to assess the performance of Muslim leaders, organizations and parties or to criticize them. Rather, I admit it that all these organizations are carrying on their respective programmes to the best of their capacities. They are lagging behind only in the collective approach and consultative machinery. It is very sad that we have no organized system. That is why we are emerging as a society that preaches collectiveness, unanimity, mutual consultation and cohesiveness but practice none of them. All want to lead but none wants to be led. The person who can not influence the opinion even of a street walker claims to be the leader of the whole community. Every one wants to be known as supreme leader (Qaid-e-Azam) of the community though he may not be fit for being a municipal councillor.

The fact is that it is well known in government and non-government circles that we do not have any central leadership at all. Not only this, but the manner in which national political parties and the political parties of bigger states are conducting deals with these leaders at the time of elections, have well judged them in respect of their status and capability. Only Kerala and to some extent the state of Andhra Pradesh may be kept out of this context. Please consider some time as to which extent this claim is true. However, now the circumstances are getting changed. The coalition government and politics have inspired a new life in our political representatives but because of not having our individual platform, it looks difficult to achieve the goals of which they are capable.

PRESENT POLITICAL LEADERSHIP
AND INDIAN MUSLIMS

Most of the Muslim leaders have been able to get a berth in the state Assembly or Parliament by pleasing their masters and as such they are either lacking sense of Milli responsibility or they are reluctant to discharge it because of inferiority complex or they prefer to remain silent spectators so that their masters may not get annoyed and they may not be penalized for indiscipline and deprived of the present status and also apprehend that they may not get an opportunity to contest next election etc. These people do not realize that even if the communal forces happen to come into power in the country, they are also bound to give due representation to India Muslims. Last six years of NDA rule under BJP leadership bears testimony to this fact. Thus, we should make it a point that we have to get our rights as a matter of right and not as a matter of political concession.

It is also disheartening to note that such Muslims are participating in politics that are not abreast with the problems of Muslims. Thus, keeping in view the entire situation of Indian Muslims I am of the opinion that such a detailed document be prepared which not only points out the problems of 20 crore Muslims but also suggests action plan so that a base may be made available for follow up action. In the first instance, probably, we have to set right our thinking and change our outlook, it is only then that we can proceed further. I believe that this effort would be a solid, strong and comprehensive initiative in right direction and would lead to positive results.

PREPARATION OF MANSHOOR-E-MUSLIM
(The Muslim Charter)

It is the primary duty of Muslim leaders to visualize and prepare this Manshoor. Had it been done earlier things would have been different but it was not to be. However, it is never too late. I am thankful to God that I have gained courage to do this great work and undertake this mission. I will do it objectively and shall not allow my tongue, pen and steps to slip or totter as the case may be. The veracity of my claim shall be determined by present younger generation and the coming generations of my community, in particular, and nation at large.

PROBLEMS OF MUSLIM
COMMUNITY - AN INTRODUCTION

Practically, it is not possible for any individual or individuals to enumerate or point out all the problems faced by an individual, group, denomination, community or society at large. However, this petty endeavor is definitely a step forward in the right direction to point out the problems faced by Muslim Community and the remedial steps to be taken by the government and public authorities, judiciary, executive, Muslim leaders, parties and organizations so that the way may be paved for fair and judicious redressal of their grievances and at the same time, the old practice of evading of the responsibilities by a few incompetent, unreliable and so called emotional Muslim leaders, organizations and institutions just to get rid of their responsibilities should be brought to an end forthwith. TILL DATE WE HAVE BEEN EVADING THE PROCESS OF SELF ASSESSMENT AND RETROSPECTION. Let us begin this spirited work with a prayer to Almighty Allah that He may give us strength and also bless us with wisdom, intellect, prudence and farsightedness to take up this mission without fear and favour.So help me God.

PSYCHOLOGICAL PROBLEMS

In order to consider and analyze the matters, directly related to human conscience one must have the qualities of head and heart because the analysis of any psychological problem involves complete impartiality, truthfulness and judicious approach. It would be my endeavor not to hurt any person, organization, party or any school of thought by any of my words, sentences, thought, criticism or satire, be it explicit or implied. However, I would not be reluctant in putting my record straight whatever may be its cost and to whom it may reasonably hurt. I submit to Allah and none else.

POINTING OUT OF PROBLEMS

Sense of Deprivation

Despite all constitutional safeguards and assurances by national leaders and political parties in their election manifestos; whenever I tried to analyze the ground position, I feel vacuum like situation and it appears to be really deplorable. I develop this feeling particularly when I have a look at my localities, educational institutions, their deteriorating condition, adverse comments and gestures of the people having bias against my community, plight of Muslim candidates attending interviews for services, seeking financial assistance or taking loan for their business from any bank or financial institutions, seeking redressal of their grievances at the hands of government officials, the difficulties faced by them in maintaining their religious identity and conserving and promoting their culture, civilization and historical as also cultural heritage, posting of police personnel around big mosques on Fridays and on ceremonial occasions like Idul Fitr and Idul Zuha and a number of questions come to my mind in such peculiar situations. It is the same sense of deprivation which I propose to discuss here.

The Questions Before Me

 

ACTION PLAN
Ruling Class and Political Parties - Responsibilities
and Expectations


SENSE OF NON PARTICIPATION

I am the second biggest majority in India. I am also biggest minority in this country. I am the second biggest Muslim Population in the world. I enjoy the same constitutional rights which other citizens do enjoy. However, while analyzing my share in the country’s development, prosperity, politics, economy and society, I develop a sense of non-participation and I pose a few questions which are as under:

If my population is considered only 17 percent:-

ACTION PLAN

Ruling Class And Political Parties -
Responsibilities And Expectations

Muslim Society - Responsibilities and Expectations

In order to achieve these goals, consultative bodies may be constituted at Village, Tehsil, District, State and national levels comprising of reliable and qualified persons which may help you in taking political decisions and adopting uniform approach to community maters. In fact, all efforts are being made at national level whereas the need of the hour is that such efforts be made at local and ground levels. The issue is not merely related to increase the representation in legislatures. The problems at local level, is equally a very bad shape. Therefore, it is the responsibility of responsible persons to examine the ground realities when question of supporting of candidates in election in their respective localities comes. In this way, the system of consultation will start from ground level and then will be formed at upper level by way of natural and logical continuity and then there will come a day, Inshallah, when this system will be established countrywide. Till now the efforts had been made from above but the need is going above from the bottom. Thus we have to move in ascending order and not in a discomfiting order. The preference should be given to candidates who can resolve our problems defeating or victory of a particular party or candidate is immaterial. Till date we had been loosing ground because of our orthodox approach. Politics is not the game of enmity or friendship with someone but it is the formation of best strategy to achieve the goal. We may have friendship with all and malice for none,

SENSE OF INSECURITY

Despite equal rights, opportunities, facilities and protections, even today a common Muslim and Muslim society feels that the atmosphere is poisoned against it with communalism. Those who are at the helm of affairs show their partiality during communal riots and even otherwise. It is astonishing that major communal riots take place, particularly in such localities, towns and cities where Muslims begin to come up economically. Thousands of innocent persons, mostly Muslims have lost their lives in innumerable communal riots after the independence. Reports of various enquiry commissions regarding communal riots have not yet seen the light of the day. The recommendations of such commissions have never been acted upon. These are some of the factors due to which a feeling of insecurity has developed among Muslims in their own country. Besides, Wakf properties, which were to be utilized for the welfare of Muslim community, have been occupied unauthorizedly even by Govt.institutions. In such a situation the complete helplessness of Muslim community as also of their leaders is bound to increase the sense of insecurity amongst Muslims. In addition to that even fingers are raised at our religious places every now and then. Demolition of Babri Mosque and evil intentions or false claims regarding several other mosques, and historical places which include Taj Mahal, Qutub Minar etc running into thousands and absence of any positive response or taking of no response from the government are indicative of the feeling of insecurity amongst Muslims. This particular feeling has given rise to following questions in the mind of even a common Muslim.

Whether my life, property, honor and dignity have no value?

Ruling Class and Political Parties - Responsibilities
and Expectations.

Muslim Leaders, Organizations and Parties -
Responsibilities and Expectations

Muslim Society - Responsibilities And Expectations

All these problems do arise occasionally. They are not permanent psychological problems. However, any denial of their importance and existence would be a mistake and would reflect an unhealthy attitude. Hence, it is necessary to make their reference in brief. The sense of non representation means the absence of adequate and proportional representation in various spheres of life. It includes all stages right from planning to implementation. The reason probably may be the insufficient number of intellectuals and educated section amongst Muslims but at the same time the ruling class also lacks the spirit of giving proportionate representation to Muslims. They want to give representation just for showing and not in proportion to the population of Muslims. Why the Muslims are deprived of becoming heads of planning commission, National Election commission, and similar other institutions. They are made heads of some insignificant institutions.

Fear psychosis and terror may be attributed to rising of Hindu communalism, attacks of religious places hurting of religious feelings, one sided atrocities on Muslims in communal riots and the partial attitude of government machinery which sometimes fails and becomes anti Muslim. It is a fact that common Muslim considers himself insecure. This fear psychosis is for two reasons - Firstly, a few emotional so called Muslim leaders create more hatred through their fiery speeches and on the other hand this hatred leads to extremism and violence, target of which is again the poor Muslim and these leaders get dividends out of this political game.

Another factor is increasing Hindu communalism and communal attitude of the administration because sometime, he finds the administration on the side of erring party and he is in catch 20 positions. No one comes to his rescue and he is always at the receiving end. 2003 anti-Muslim riots of Gujarat are its recent example.

Today, when the country is victim of internal and external terrorism, feelings of confusing state are found in majority community at both individual and collective levels with reference to the stand of Indian Muslims on terrorism. It is our duty to adopt clear and transparent stand in respect of suicidal attacks, knowingly taking the lives of innocent people, unjustified attacks and converting the pious concept of Jihad into terrorism through the involvement of youth in terrorist activities and taking shelter in Mosques and Temples and such other activities.

Feeling Of Second Rate Citizenship

The fundamental reason for this complex is the ill treatment meted out to a common Muslim in his daily life. He gets ill treatment at the hands of Government officials of all ranks, of course not all. His representation and participation in all spheres is very poor. He has a growing sense of deprivation. He is a witness to the suspicious eyes revolving around him. Thus he had become a question mark. False statements of the political leaders and false promises made by the political parties have become order of the day. Condition of Muslim localities, institutions, their social and economic status have developed in them an inferiority complex and all these things are indicative of their being treated as second rate citizens. The situation demands to promote and dispense justice impartially. The ruling classes, the Muslim society, the Muslim parties, other circles, institutions, organizations, political parties and their leaders have a vital role to play in their upliftment.

DOUBLE STANDARDS OF GOVERNMENT AND
SEMI GOVERNMENT INSTITUTIONS

This feeling of discrimination is also getting strength day by day. Probably, its reason is the emergence of such groups in government officers who allows the intervention of biased and communal approach in the discharge of their duties and obligations. It hinders them from discharging their duties judiciously and impartially.

In order to check this unhealthy tendency, the officers should be imparted better and proper training so that such complaints may be avoided in future and the negative tendencies that may prove fatal at a later stage, may be checked before hand and before it is too late. It is better if some sorts of awards, prizes and distinctions are given away to honest and impartial officers so that the secular trend is promoted amongst the government officers and employees.

MUSLIM SOCIETY: A MERE CONSUMER ITEM

The Muslim society has become a mere vote bank. The Muslims are in such a situation that they become annoyed with one party on any emotional issues and make themselves available to the other party for being exploited without any positive reason (just to be used for their interest). Thus, they do taste the same bitter experience which they had tasted at the hands of the earlier party. Now they are in the state of confusion and full of misunderstanding. Now we have become such a society which does not have any consultative machinery that may render guidance in solving community problems and safeguard the Muslim interests and also awake the sense in community to extend conditional support or oppose it.

THE MUSLIM LEADERSHIP: A TOY FOR OTHERS

As a matter of fact, there is hardly any Muslim leadership. If there is any, it is in the form of divided house. There are innumerable organizations, parties and leaders and every one of them claims to be on the right path and considers the other to be on the wrong track. The Muslims being illiterate, extremely poor and ignorant have lost faith in all of their leaders and are in a state of confusion and uncertainty. Last five decades are evidence to that. Muslim leadership had only twisted and made the problems more complicated but it has failed miserablely to resolve them. Its performance had not been praise worthy and commendable in any sphere of life and probably this is the reason that with reference to community we are disabled and handicapped psychologically. Too much misunderstanding and too many false expectations has thrown us into such vicious circle that we find it difficult to come out of it. We blame one or the other for this state of affairs. We are giving shape to a society which lacks any feeling of responsibility and duty. It is in a state of confusion, full of personal rivalries and the restlessness amongst its members has reached such a point that they may give rise to further problems involving many other implications. Thus, the situation warrants that public and community authorities, government institutions and organizations, all political and non political parties’ particularly Muslim leaders, organizations, parties and intellectuals should not continue to be mere silent spectators to this miserable situation. They must come forward to play their respective roles for resolving the problems. It is essential not only for the welfare of Muslim community but also for the collective security, prosperity and development of this country and the nation. It is the duty of all of us to face unitedly the problem of sense of deprivation wherever it tries to make roots in any section of society. The solution of such problems vests in collective efforts and not in leveling the charges against each other.

RELIGIOUS PROBLEMS

As Muslims, all of us believe that our success in life depends upon our degree of proximity with Islam, the religion of nature and professing and following it in true spirit. Life of our Prophet is a model for all of us and his life is the conclusive proof of the practicability of Islamic values and Shariah, and none can say that none of the two can be practiced or acted upon gradually in one’s practical life. This religion has come down to us from the prophet through caliphs, companions of Prophet, the pious and the righteous, the theologists and Islamic Scholars. Having been guided by the same Islamic scriptures and the life of Prophet our great preachers, Sufis and other similar persons have been spreading the message of Islam from on corner to another and they have been shaping their life style in a manner that can be followed by others and the message of Islam may continue to be communicated through their practical deeds and actions till the day of judgment. It is because of these factors that the number of Muslims is swelling day by day and is would continue to grow with the passage of time. Even today when conditions worldwide are hostile to Islam and Muslims still Islam is the fastest growing religion in America and Europe. Today when the Muslims and Muslim societies are backward everywhere in the world and have ceased to be the models a mere look on which made the people come forward to embrace Islam in groups. Still its growth may be described as faster than the fastest. Let everyone ponder over it.

PRESENT SITUATION

Today, the Muslims in the world and Indian Muslims are presenting such picture of Islam by their promises, acts and deeds, character, moral overtones, and general behavior that one feels that there is nothing attractive in Islam. There is much variation even in preaching and practice of. Even the most righteous ones. However, it does not mean that such virtues have completely disappeared. But such species are really rare. The need of the hour is to discuss all the religious issues with utmost sincerity and after finding the faults, efforts be made to remove them as the defects, weakness and try to find the areas where we can improve upon. Efforts be made to remove all shortcomings and weaknesses. Islam is a true religion and the only way to obtain deliverance. Today the position is that we claim to believe in Allah but don’t follow His command and message, believe in Prophet, but don’t abide by his teachings, believe in Shariah (Islamic Jurisprudence), but don’t practice it. In other words we are Muslims worth name and not by worth and believe in Islam but don’t follow it.

DETAILS

MESSAGE OF QURAN NOT REACHING ALL
CONCERNED COMPLETELY

It a matter of great concern and shock that the message of Quran, the holy book descended more than fourteen hundred years ago in the form of revelation has reached the persons who believe in it, follow it and are ready to lay their lives and obtain deliverance, only partially i.e. practically for purposes of recitation only. One fails to understand as to why such practice had been prevalent from the beginning to teach Quran without explaining its meaning and what is contained in it. However, none can deny this fact that those who are interested in understanding and interpreting it, Quran have recourse to authentic commentaries and translations available in almost all the languages of the world. Here my reference is to a common Muslim. This cannot be denied that there is prevalent custom in our families to teach Quran but to the extent of recitation only. Let the Islamic scholars, religions instructors and Imams of Mosques discharge their duties honestly so that message of Quran reaches every house in its true form and spirit. It would be beneficial in the following manner:

ACTION PLAN

Proper understanding of Quran would automatically develop a taste of other religious books and the impact of Islam and its values could be seen in one’s daily life.

It is expected from a common Muslim that he understands the actual message of Quran by studying its translation and commentary. Today’s generation has developed various misconceptions. Therefore it is necessary that it should adopt a true Islamic approach and should not indulge in any violent activity.

INCREASING INEFFECTIVENESS
OF RELIGIOUS SECTIONS

It will be a complete folly to deny this fact that the role of learned persons (Ulemas), Mashaikhs (Priests at Dargahs), Imams of mosques and religious instructors is declining in the Muslim society day by day. But it is also a fact that no other section of the society has such strong grip over the Muslim Community as the religious section has. Probably, its main cause is that a common Muslim is emotionally attached to his religion and considers it the only source of obtaining deliverance. Since the religion reaches him through these religious sections and it is only they who make him understand what is true and what is false, what is good and what is bad, what is legitimate and what is illegitimate and what is valid and what is invalid, he is bound to have the highest regard for them and he is also doing so and he must do so.

Now the question arises that in spite of such a healthy approach evils like lack of unity, confusion, mutual conflict, factionalism, hatred, favoritism, nepotism, narrow outlook, Sentimental outbursts, violence, declining moral values, improper dealings, immature actions, improper style of speech and expression have increased or are constantly increasing still persist. Should this section which has the strongest grip over Muslim society and whom Muslim society approaches in distress be not held responsible for these basic fallacies in Muslim society. This is the ineffectiveness, which is being mentioned here. I have neither enmity nor any malice against this religious section. This section is as much respectable to me as any other common Muslim. This ineffectiveness may be because of the following reasons.

Non-fulfillment of expectations from religions sections because the daily life of this section is similarly influenced by worldly comforts as that of any other common man. This section has to become a model for others. In this context many queries remain unanswered.

ACTION PLAN

In order to curb the increasing trend of ineffectiveness of religious sections, an action plan is proposed later to discuss pitiable condition of Imams of mosques and those concerned with other religious institutions.

 

ABSENCE OF CONSULTATIVE MECHANISM AMONG MUSLIM RELIGIOUS SCHOLARS

Muslim religious (Ulemas) scholars are an asset of Muslim society and it is their intellect and wisdom because of which they are required to impart religious teachings and guidance to the Muslim society so that they may understand Shariah. Imams of Mosques, Hafiz (One who memorizes Quran by heart), Qari( one who teaches the mode of reciting the verses of Quran), religious instructors , writers of commentaries on Quran, Muftis(Islamic Jurists), Ulemas and other similar respectable personalities have been playing a vital role in their respective areas but it is a matter of concern that they are not playing their roles as honestly as their predecessors used to play.How many religious scholars in the Muslim population of more than 20 crores are in a position to guide the community to face the challenges of today. The number of mosques is increasing and so their beauty, new religious institutions are being opened, Hukumat-e-Ilahiya ( a system of governance based on divine law) is being discussed but no body is asking whether the money and people associated with them are investing money derived from Halal (permissible) sources or not. Unfortunately, our society appears to be no more concerned about the concepts like Halal (permissible means and sources of earning as per the teachings and tenets of Islam) and Haram (forbidden means and sources of earning).

It is also a fact that these Ulemas are associated with different institutions, religious centers and schools of thoughts and they have some differences on certain fundamental issues. However, if they can arrive at a consensus on matters beneficial to the community at large, it will not only promote the unity among Muslims, the community will also be able to derive maximum benefits from their collective leadership and guidance. Still there exist some systems for consultation among Ulemas, but those are of limited nature and confined to defined sphere. Hence, it is essential to establish QUAMI DAR-UL-USHAWARAT BAR-AI-MAZHABI UMOOR (a national consultative body for religious issues), which is composed of Ulemas, representing various schools of thoughts and that should be concerned only with the problems of community at large. In this direction initiative is required to be taken by the Ulemas of Ahle-Sunnat Bareilly, Ashrafia and Markaz at Calicut and Deoband. If it could be achieved, it will bring good fortunes for the Indian Muslims.

Present Situation and Problems

  • Absence of Central coordination system amongst Muslim Scholars.
  • Formation and formulation of vested interests, confrontationist tendencies and mutual animosity amongst Muslim scholars.
  • Scholars are more attached to the ideologies of their respective schools of thought (Jamaat) than the universal Islamic ideology.
  • The Muslim scholars are loosing the confidence of community day by day.
  • As a result of the failure of Muslim Scholars to lessen the mutual conflict, hatred, animosity and increasing oppressive tendencies among different sections of Muslim society, their grip on the community is getting loose.
  • Confusion and misunderstanding in community because of their religious leaders resorting to unfair means to have precedence over each other.

ACTION PLAN

All of us are bound to take our Ulemas and other religious segments of Indian Society in high esteem. No body has either a right or is competent to raise objection or to advise them. However, society has certain expectations from them and it can not be denied. Accordingly they are expected to discharge their duties honestly in order to reduce the tension and confusion amongst community and guide them to the right path as it is their right as well as duty. The present situation is very critical. The delay in remedial action is bound to create more complications.

MASHAIKHS
The Holymen Associated with the Management and Service
of Mausoleums of Muslim Sufis

Dargah Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti, Ajmer Sharif
(devotees of Khwaja Sahib paying their respects)

Among the category of Mashaikhs only those persons fall that come from the generations of Aulias (Great Sufis) and are performing the role of custodian of their shrines, being the heirs of the legacy and the spiritual mission that they have left behind.

The number of Muslims has not gone up so rapidly in the Indian sub continent and the rest of the world because of the use of sword or political power against non Muslims. It is a false charge on Islam and Muslims by vested interests. In fact, it is the net result of the personal impact and influence of the character of Aulia Allah who were the embodiment of perfection and the true followers of the teachings of Islam, Quran, Hadith and the life style of Prophet Mohammed (PBUH).

They practiced a model code of conduct and treated all human beings as equals and gave each individual a sense of equity and equality by denying any considerations to factors like caste, color, and creed, social and economic status. They also cultivated an environment in which no body is formally asked or pushed to embrace Islam. Rather this whole issue of embracement or non embracement was left open. Worldwide, people of all races, regions, castes, creeds and shades of opinion accepted and embraced Islam on its merit and eternal appeal.

This was the beauty of these Aulias and the Khanqahi Islam ( an ideal combination of the teachings of Quran and Sunnah) that they could win over hearts and minds of the people. Islam was never formally presented by them. They firmly believed that Islam is a religion of nature and its acceptance by whole of humanity should come about in a natural course. Muslims, both as individuals, community and society are required to model and shape their personalities as the living examples of Islam for others to follow.

There is a complete network of religious shrines in the Indian subcontinent and the world over where such rainy personalities are lying in rest. Hundreds of thousands of people from India and abroad are visiting these shrines every day and praying to Allah for their self reform and improvement. Instead of being benefited from these shrines in terms of imbibing and inculcating in them the true spirit and essence of Islam, following the practices of Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) and the lifestyle of Aulias they adopt the course of superstition and expect miracles to happen. Unfortunately, this menace is spreading so fast and has got so deep rooted in the Muslim society that the real mission of Aulias which focuses on developing personal qualities like piety, fear of God, selflessness, righteousness, deep sense of worship, simplicity, sense of high moral and ethical values has been replaced by customs, rituals and practices which are essentially symbolic in nature and character. Today there is a dire need to revive the original spirit of Khanqahi or Sufi Islam.

The people who are associated with such pious places and are also commanding sufficient respect and influence in society in general and the Muslim society in particular are expected to realize and understand their duties, responsibilities and obligations and start giving performance befitting their background.

Islam and Muslims are passing through a period of turmoil. Islam, as it is projected today, is a religion which preaches intolerance, hatred, enmity and violence and Muslims, being its follows are the practitioners of these evil virtues of life. Terms like fundamentalism, extremism, fanaticism and terrorism have become synonymous with Islam and Muslims. As a community, it is believed to be a group of terrorists, extremists, militants and fanatics.

In such a scenario if our shrines and those associated with them start playing actively positive and constructive role and render proper guidance to the pilgrims visiting the shrines in particular and the community as a whole in general, there is no reason as to why most of the people will do not respond positively to their deliberations. In order to achieve these aims, the following action plan is proposed. Here my expectations from Mashaikhs are absolutely non
political.

In fact, I am diverting your attention towards nothing but just the moral upgradation of the community as a whole.

Full view Dargah Sharif


ACTION PLAN

It is an admitted fact that the Holymen should have nothing to do with worldly attractions or powers. They are expacted to unconditionally submit to the will and service of the lord of the universe, Almighty Allah and shape their lives according to Shariah. They must render every possible service to all irrespective of their religion, community, caste, colour, creed, region and language by living in the shrines. Their only cherished desire and prayer should be that persons visiting the shrine may receive spritual guidance and get their desires fulfilled. This must remain the center of their efforts.

However, best efforts should be made to avail the services of these respectable persons without any political touch so that they may also be a part of the consultative machinery and may be able to render guidance to the society. Their prayers and good wishes will definitely yield positive results.

SUNNI SCHOLARS

Dargah Sharif, Ala Hazrat Imam Ahmed Raza Khan, Fazil-e-Barelvi


Need for Unanimity and Collective Effort

At the outset, I would like to make it clear that my intention is not to give preference to one group or school of thought over another. I am referring to this problem because of the following reasons.

  • Today, most of the religious personalities, organizations and parties are having more proximity to Deoband school of thought, be it Darul-uloom, Deoband itself or Tableeghi Jamaat ( a group of preachers of Islam ) Nadvat-ul-Ulema, Mazahir-ul-Uloom, Jamat-e-Islami, Ahle Hadees etc. All these institutions, organizations and parties are quite close to each other so far as the proximity of the school of thought is concerned and even in their differences; we do not find any aggressive overtones.
  • Likewise, national level religious personalities also belong to the same school of thought.
  • There is no dearth of either qualified and competent scholars, organizations or parties in Bareilly School of thought but since this group has always kept itself away from politics, its scholars, organizations and parties have not been able to gain that reputation which the persons, representing other schools of thought have been able to get.
  • Religious organizations representing Sunni (Barelvi) school of thought are not getting substantial financial assistance from abroad because of their fundamental difference in matters of faith. Hence, these institutions are comparatively of small size and their standards are also not very high barring few exceptions. Dar-ul-Uloom, Deoband is considered the biggest religious school of Deobandi school of thought whereas Markaz As saqafat-us-Sunnia at Calicut in Kerala is the bigger religious school of Sunni Barelvi school of thought. Not only is this, Jamia Ashrafia Mubarakpur also an institution of matching to Deoband. It is just an overlook by Government, Bureaucracy and media that entire credit is going to Deoband. It is also more tragic that Nadwat-ul-Ulema, who neither represents even single percent of Indian Muslims nor is popular in respect of faith, is being given more political importance than Dar-ul-Uloom Deoband. As a matter of fact it is no match to Deoband as far as the influence, impact and popularity are concerned. The intention is not to point out a finger towards the status of these two institutions but the truth should come out and the establishment must learn to act accordingly.
  • No impartial person will deny this fact that most of the Muslims living in this sub continent i.e. India, Pakistan and Bangladesh are the followers of Hazrat Maulana Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Fazil-e-Barelvi and acting upon his interpretation of the teachings of Islam, Quran and Hadith. Hence, efforts to organize and promote the unanimity and coordination amongst majority would be a positive step and not an encouragement to divide.
  • It is also not possible to deny this fact that in case, the institutions run by majority group, their leading organizations and parties do not coordinate along with those representing minority schools of thought, we would not be able to achieve unity among Muslims nor provide any solid base to our common programme. It is a fundamental issue, the importance of which has not been realized or denied so far.
  • Besides, there is lack of coordination amongst Sunni scholars too. There is complete absence of any central coordination system in this sect. There is no dearth of institutions, persons, strong and qualified scholars, the determination, conviction and spirit and their love for Prophet is also imminent in all of their actions. The present day situation warrants a serious thought and taking the initiative in the right direction, failing which the whole community will split and the dream of achieving unity amongst Muslims shall never come true.

The first and foremost thing to achieve the unity amongst Muslims is to promote unity and unanimity amongst groups representing various schools of thought and to rise above our personal interests and give preference to community interest. Only then the leaders and scholars representing different schools of thought would come closer and be able to consult and coordinate each other. If these groups failed to achieve this, the future of this poor and oppressed community would be bleak and for this the elite class would be responsible and not ordinary or common Muslim.

Muslims do not lack in spirit, intention, dedication or sacrifice. The common men have the same problems, difficulties, demands, desires and prayers; they only require awakening, positive attitude towards community problems, and unity amongst various groups, interest and welfare of the community. The only missing link is that our leaders are not at one platform, the elite class is not united. Who will listen to them and whom should they address their
complaints?

Though I have raised these basic issues only with reference to Sunni Scholars but I expect a positive response from all the leaders and scholars, representing other schools of thought also.

ACTION PLAN

In this regard it is expected from Mufti-e-Aazam Bareily Sharif Hazrat Allama Mohammad Akhtar Raza Khan Sahib Qibla and Shaikh Abu Bakr of Markaz As saqafat- us-Sunnia along with the leadership of Jamia Ashrafia that they will bring together the big religious institutions and learned scholars of Sunni schools of thought and will formulate such a collective consultative machinery which may provide a strong base to our common practical efforts and ensure collective as well as individual decisions.

MADARSA EDUCATION


Dar-ul-Uloom, Deoband

Today, the curriculum and working of Madarsas at national as well as international level is the target of criticism. The contemporary education is being demanded to be included in the curriculum of Madarsas. In this background, some innocent persons for lack of knowledge and some misguided elements (inside and outside the community) are not only pressing for the constitution of a National Madarsa Board by the Central Government but it is also being placed as a community demand before the government. I just want to state here that it is a big mischief and a ticklish approach in which Indian Muslims are being implicated and it is a step forward to impose govt. control on religious practices which they are constitutionally entitled to enjoy.

Whether the present religious leaders of all four schools of thought are not competent enough to provide such a system at their own level? They can definitely do it. Such a system is already present informally and it just requires a formal shape, structure and sequence.

Darul-ul-oom Deoband, Dar-ul-uloom Deoband (Wakf), Mazahirul-Uloom, Sharanpur and other prominent Madarsas and institutions of Deoband school of thought conceive a joint mechanism for them, secondly Similar steps should be taken by Manzar-e-Islam Bareilly, Jamia Ashrafia Mubarakpur and Markaz As-saqafat-us-sunnia, Calicut and others and thirdly the same mechanism is followed by the representative personalities and institutions of Ahle-Hadees and Shia schools of thought. In the next step the institutional leadership of all the four schools of thought may reach a consensus on some basic issues and finalize a common curriculum. If it could be done then the future of Millat and thousands of Madarsas may be saved from these mischievous activities".

Let us expect that this effort will definitely provide a strong base in the right direction.

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RELIGIOUS INSTITUTIONS ARE NOT
IN GOOD SHAPE

Our religious institutions are of paramount importance because they have not only been providing to the society the Islamic scholars, Muftis, Imams of Mosques, religious instructors (Teachers), Qazis (Jurists), Hafiz (Those who learn Quran by heart), Muhaddis (Specialist in teaching and interpreting the Sunnah i:e sayings and traditions of Prophet Mohammed) , Mufassir (The one who writes the commentary on Quran) and Muballighs ( Those who preach and propagate the teachings of Islam and also provide necessary guidance to follow the right path through their character, life style and code of behavior). However, these institutions also have the darker side which needs to be highlighted and they also require a definite action plan of reform.

The Problems

  • Lack of cohesiveness in the functioning of religious institutions.
  • Absence of inter- institutional consultative mechanism.
  • Declining standard of education.
  • Proper analysis and the review of present curriculum, the subjects taught and the methodology of teaching.
  • Difficulty in devising and restructuring mechanism.
  • Why is the learning of religious education confined to lower strata of society?
  • Maladministration and irregularities in the functional mechanism of Madarsas.
  • Increase in numbers and decline in teaching standards.
  • In adequate boarding and lodging facilities to students.

ACTION PLAN

Few significant suggestions.

  • Establishment of central board of Islamic Education.
  • Establishment of state Boards of Islamic Education.
  • Understanding the need of mutual consultation and coordination at central and state levels, putting in place a suitable and sustainable interactive mechanism for the boards.
  • Total re-structuring of curriculum of Madarsa education.
  • Ensure complete participation and representation of upper strata of the society to suppress individual supremacy in the management and administration of Islamic educational institutions.
  • Providing of vocational education simultaneously with religious education so that after receiving religious education one does not remain unemployed.
  • Religious institutions should not depend solely on donations and grants rather they should adopt such means of earning which eventually make them financially self sufficient.
  • The community must come out with a package to restore independent status of these Madarsas.
  • Substantial increase in the salaries of Madarsa staff and a check on financial irregularities.
  • Formulation of rules for the recruitment, placement, transfer, promotion, demotion, suspension and dismissal of staff in Madarsas and other religious institutions and vesting of sufficient powers in the management to ensure their implementation.
  • Managing committees of these institutions must be composed of persons who are regular in offering prayers, religious by nature, God fearing, sincere, able and selfless and are known for their wisdom and personal integrity.
  • In order to keep our Madarsas free from all forms of social divide, groupism and the ill effects of dirty politics, this whole system should be kept away from politicians and political outfits.
  • Custody of a part of Wakf properties is entrusted to such institutions so that they make use of them for deriving more income to make themselves self sufficient.
  • Charitable persons of Muslim society should establish Bait-ul-Mal (The Muslim treasury to be used for public good only) in their localities and provide equal financial assistance to all the religious institutions in their localities.
  • Such sections or persons of the Muslim society, who are financially well off should play an important role directly to provide financial assistance to the religious institutions at national and state levels so that these institutions may feel their responsibilities in proper perspective and discharge them.
  • Madarsas should be kept away from all sorts of politics, so that they may impart education in a purely academic and pious environment.
  • Such subjects be taught and such an atmosphere be created that may promote unity amongst Muslims and bring the whole community together.
  • Muslim scholars should hold discussions on disputed and controversial subjects but those should not be allowed to become the cause of any rift, mutual hatred or aggressiveness in the society.
  • Students may be imparted job oriented education particularly information technology and subjects like English, Mathematics, science and psychology be included in the curriculum which is providing sufficient opportunities for service.

"By inviting politicians to visit religious institutions, holding special functions for the benefit of a particular party or persons there, the reputation of such institutions decline, the dignity of the whole community is hurt and the religious matters take the color of politics. The politics is a personal matter of a person. This mischief should not be allowed to infiltrate our religious institutions. On one hand, we oppose the government and government institutions for interfering in matters of religion and faith but on the other hand, we ourselves provide them the ground. This is not proper."

 

WHY RELIGIOUS EDUCATION BY
LOWER STRATA OF SOCIETY?

It is a most bitter reality that most of the students, receiving or approaching for the religious education come from the lower strata of Muslim community and their lives have the unhappy blending of poverty, deprivation and inferiority complex. As a matter of fact they are forced to receive this education by their parents. They have no inherent interest and liking to receive such an education. Besides, they also feel that after receiving this education there is no guarantee of a secured and dignified future. Thus, the tragic situation is that Muslim society is within the grip of religious section and this section is in the grip of poverty, deprivation, inferiority complex and insecure future. Consequently, restlessness is growing amongst all sections of Muslims.

ACTION PLAN

The prosperous class must also receive religious education. Thereafter, one may apply this knowledge to become a scholar, businessman, Hafiz or Qari or may opt to serve the religion or the material world or may opt for the healthy combination of both. The purpose of receiving religious education is not confined to be an Imam or a teacher in Islamic Institution. Education is related to practice and practice is related to each sphere of life. It would be highly appreciable if the persons, receiving religious education, manage their worldly affairs on religious lines and present a model to the whole society. Islam expects from its followers that they apply the teachings of religion in all walks of life and derive handsome benefits. Education in true Islamic tradition stresses on the compact development of personality. Today a number of allegations against religious institutions are being made, such as; terrorism is taught there, shelter to terroristsis is provided and they are encouraged to take to aggressive overtones. These cannot be rebutted by mere oral replies. We have to establish a collective system and bring out the details to the public so that every body could know as to what the curriculum is and what is the purpose and aim of education in such institutions. Here also the central organizations and personalities of each school of thought are supposed to take initiative and discharge their responsibility.

IMAMS OF MOSQUES
(Deputies of Prophet)


Prophet Mohammads' Mosque at Madina Munawwara, S.A.

Islam provides guidance to mankind in all spheres of life and it will continue till the Day of Judgment. One can get guidance from Quran for one's welfare, salvation, prosperity, development, existence and survival. Worldly revolutions will come and go, Man will set new standards for the administration of political, economic and social situations in all the ages, It will reject one ideology and adopt another but the eternity and truthfulness of the religion of nature shall remain the same for all times.

"Islam is the religion of nature and whole of humanity. It carries in it the eternal spirit, message, content and substance of the teachings of all Prophets and messengers of God right from Adam to Mohammad. Its origin is as old as the history of universe and human civilization. Mohammed (PBUH) does not reject what has come before him rather he re-affirms and testifies the earlier version of faith and puts a seal on that. Quran on many occasions narrate events, actions and instances of previous generations. This again establishes eternal bonds of relationship in whole of the humanity. It makes mandatory for every Muslim to believe in all the Prophets and messengers of God and respect each of them equally and if any believer does not respect any of the Prophets or disrespects any, he automatically gets debarred from the fold of Islam. Therefore, Islam is the finalized version of eternal faith. The pleasure of God vests only in the supremacy and power of the religion of nature."

Now the question arises how to carry this mission forward. Earlier it continued through Caliphs, Companions of Prophet, successors of the companions of Prophet, Imams, Aulias, pious religious and spiritual masters and thereafter, by Imams of Mosques and Ulemas. The group of learned persons is also a part of it. But if some body deserves to be deputy of Prophet, they are only Imams of Mosques who are regularly guiding the believers to follow the right path and the teachings of Islam.

Imams of mosques can be the most vibrant section of Muslim society. Is it not the system of nature that all communities have to establish institutions for their welfare and evolve proper mechanism to run it. But it is a living example of cohesiveness of Islam that it provides a natural system of coordination for the guidance of people five times a day in hundreds of thousands mosques through a number of Imams all over the world. The only problem is that we have not adopted this system in good spirit and probably we have not yet realised its full potential and the benefits derived therefrom.

The target of reforming the society could be achieved very easily and in concrete manner through these mosques and under the leadership of their Imams and no other system or manner is a match to it. Now the need of the hour is that such a central system for the coordination of the Imams of mosques, having a network from centre to States, Districts, Towns, Villages, Mohallas and Streets be set up.. Training camps for the Imams of mosques be duly arranged in which training is imparted with respect to the strategy to be adopted in the light of problems being faced by community.

This arrangement should be made by availing of the services of all the Imams of Jama Masjids of entire country at central level and under the leadership of Imams of Jama Masjid of State capital at state level. Adopting the same pattern, this arrangement may be made under the leadership of Imam of Jama Masjid of the District at District level and under the leadership of Imam of Jama Masjid of a town comprising the Imams of Masjids in the villages under that town at town level. There should be an advisory council at Central level consisted of all the Imams of Jama Masjids of State capitals. At the state level Imam of Jama Masjid of each state capital would be the chairman of his state and he would establish an advisory council comprising of the Imams of all Districts and it would directly be responsible to the Central Advisory Council. Similarly, District Advisory Council must be comprised of the Imams of all the mosques falling in towns and villages of the district and the Imams of District Jama Masjids should head the council. In this way, a useful and strong system would be established throughout the country which would make it possible to reform the thinking of Indian Muslims and propagate religious values uninterruptedly and at the same time the conspiracies against Muslim community will be dealt with firmly. Decision in each sphere of life will also be taken on the basis of right path and as per religious requirements. It will become easy to fight against social evils and the people would be able to transform their
day to day life as per the will of God. Doing so is not only our religious duty but it is also our worldly requirement. In this way, the contact of 20 crores of Muslims will be possible in such a concrete way that we will be able to face each and every challenge in a planned manner.

Today, the position is that the Imams of the mosques are in such a pitiable position that they are hardly supporting themselves and their respective families. We daily pray to God for the supremacy of Islam but when the opportunity comes our way, we are proved zero. Are we not inviting divine wrath by not respecting deputies of Prophet? This should be remembered that if we do not pay attention to pay respect and honor to the post of deputy to Prophet, then we will neither be organized nor could regain our prestige. I hope that my humble request will be acceded to and my prayers will not go unanswered.

I respectfully request our Imams that if they desire worldly comforts and their apparent allurements then they may not perform this duty and adopt any other source of livelihood. Mosques are abode of God and it is not good to use them for business or other purposes. The duty of Imam should be performed in mosques as per religious requirements. It is observed at some places that people are using the mosques for their personal gains and purposes. Such sorts of practices are not proper. Let me admit that though the Muslims have been supporting Imams economically but there is need for a well planned scheme. It should not be in the form of charity; it should be coupled with dignity and sense of self esteem.

The personality, character, dealings, practices, morality etc of the Imam of a mosque are always under strict vigil of Muslim community and also of those who regularly offer prayers there. Every Muslim has in his mind a very good image of Imam. He has a desire to follow him and also takes guidance from him. Therefore, it is necessary that a positive and solid initiative should be taken with reference to the role of Imams. Similarly, the Imams of mosques should also maintain their prestige so that mosque may play an important role in bringing the whole community within its fabric transforming the fact of this scattered and pitiable community through revolution and we may also be able to protect ourselves from the misleading concepts in the community.

MOSQUES
under the aegis of
Archeological Servey of India

Masjid Qila-i-Kohna, Old Fort Delhi

There are thousands of mosques in various parts of India, where prayers are not allowed to be offered and they continue to be a part of various historical buildings and structures. The Archeological survey of India maintains these historical buildings so that their historical and cultural heritage is transferred to the next generation. However, there is a basic difference between mosques/places of worship and other historical buildings. A historical building requires only protection but a mosque, being a place of worship, besides the protection, also requires its sanctity to be preserved. Besides, it is also expected that prayers should be allowed to be offered there. In this behalf following demands are put to Government of India for its perusal and consideration.

DEMANDS TO THE GOVERNMENT OF INDIA

  • Muslim staff is appointed to maintain and preserve of the sanctity of mosques under the control of Archeological Survey of India.
  • Permission is granted to offer prayer five times a day so that those may continue to exist as mosques.
  • When the prayers are allowed to be offered in those mosques, Imam and Moizzan will be required to be present there so that the mosque may remain free from all sorts of mischief and its sanctity continues to be preserved. Mecca Masjid, Hyderabad, Shahjahani Masjid, Taj Mehal are such examples.

The Archeological Survey of India should entrust the management of all these mosques to Wakf Boards so that in order to ensure the sanctity of these mosques, respective wakf boards may take steps to appoint regular Imams like other mosques and in this way all these mosques will be available for prayers.

Amendment, if necessary in the constitution or any other law is required for doing so, the same may be done. Similar steps may be taken in respect of the places of other religions so that the sentiments of persons following other religions may also receive the same treatment.

"By accepting these demands and implementing the same, the Government of India may prove that it respects the sentiments of the followers of different religions. It will be fulfilling the long pending demand which the Muslim community has been making to different governments."

MUSLIM PERSONAL LAW
Inadequate Safeguards and Ineffective Legislation

It is a very delicate and sensitive issue. It is directly related to what is contained in Shariah, Hadith, Fiquah (the diagnostic theology of Muslim) etc. Islam is a complete code of conduct for all walks of life and it is the duty of every Muslim to comply. However, in a secular country like India, two sets of laws may be harmoniously made and followed to meet different situations always remain a debatable issue. The constitution of India has provided express safeguards to all sections in respect of personal law and freedom of religion. But it is a matter of great concern that whenever Muslims feel that the safeguards and guarantees provided in constitution are inadequate and demand more effective legislation on the subject, communal elements begin to raise the unnecessary issue of two sets of law in one country. Such issues are highlighted by the media unnecessarily and it appears to be incompatible with healthy journalism. The fact is that this issue is not related to Indian Muslims only but is related to entire Indian Society.

The Necessary Explanation

We want each other not to interfere in religious matters. We also refrain from doing anything that hurts religious feelings of people professing a different faith but our preaching is different from practice.

One must note that religion is a personal matter. It is the duty of every adult Muslim man and woman to act upon it. It is my firm belief that I can get success in this life and obtain deliverance only by acting upon religious tenets.

One must note that for every creation, there is a creator. Likewise, there is some creator of the world as well and He is Almighty Allah. He regulates the affairs of the world and will continue to do so for ever. He knows everything about everything, present, past and future He has the knowledge of hidden things.

It may also be remembered that the life of mankind is transient and it may come to an end at any moment. Whenever one is nervous and is in difficult times begins to remember Allah. How much intellectual and wise a human being may be but he can see only what is visible to the naked eye. He can not see behind the curtain. A poor human being cannot understand the present world which has been in existence for millions of years within such a short span of life. One must not try to transgress in this sphere. Let them explore other areas.

It is not a myth; rather it is substantial truth that Muslims cannot afford any compromise in fundamental tenets, teachings and ethics of religion. Hence, their constitutional right of religious freedom should never be eroded. They had also adopted this constitution along with their countrymen. Even in matters pertaining to Muslim Personal Law, their actions are always within the framework of the constitution of India.

Certain Demands to the Government of India

  • Make the implementation of Personal Law effective by way of additional legislation.
  • Scholars, representing various schools of thought should hold talks and consultation to make Muslim Personal Law more compact, comprehensive and complete and also ensure its implementation.
  • In true spirit of Quranic verse "To you be your way and To me mine" refrain from making religion and religious affairs target of criticism. However, we must ensure through our conduct, character and gestures that we have respect for all faiths. The government should ensure that provisions of the Indian Penal Code relating to non-hurting of religious feelings of any person or community should be implemented in true letter and spirit. Punishment is of deterrent nature but implementation is yet wanting.

    I pay due respect to the religious faiths and personalities of my fellow citizens belonging to majority and minority communities as I do to persons of my faith.

    "In this context I demand that the practice of exhibiting the religions, religious leaders, gods and godesses in derogatory manner in Hindi/Regional feature films/Documentary should be stopped immediately. By doing so, we can establish the practice of equal respect for all religions."

  • Freedom of expression does not mean that one must hurt the feelings of persons professing other religion. Hence, the term "freedom of expression" should be redefined and
    redrafted.

Necessary Explanation

Use of force has no sanction in Islam. If someone likes the teachings of Islam, he is welcome and if some one wants to keep oneself at bay, he is at liberty to do so. There is no compulsion in religion.

UNIFORM CIVIL CODE

As discussed above, the concept of uniform civil code is against the very spirit of the constitution and guarantees of religious freedom and equality given in it: It also assails the fundamental spirit of our composite culture, civilization and historical heritage. It is against the principle of non intervention in religious matters and also against the Indian culture. It will encourage communal elements which is detrimental to Hindu-Muslim unity. It will put the Indian society in a state of confusion and shall lead to chaos and disorder. Hence, it is an exercise in futility. Personal law is applicable in purely personal matters and its ambit is quite limited.

It has no adverse effect on any institution of national interest. These matters are related to marriages, divorce, maintenance, properties and right of succession etc. There is much ado about nothing.

It is also necessary to mention here that whenever and wherever the issue of uniform civil code is raised, the first reaction comes from Muslims Because of this haste this issue has been attached to them though it is a national issue. The Muslims should have patience. Let there be a countrywide discussion on this topic only then the picture will be clear. Other communities and other sections of the society may oppose it more vehemently and even aggressively.

It would be better that the directive principle in the constitution with reference to uniform civil code is omitted through a constitutional amendment so that this mischief is removed for ever.

As regards Indian Muslims even in an extremely difficult situation there will be no hindrance in following religion. Persons having faith in their religion will continue to abide by the decision based on the opinion of Muslim scholars. Therefore, now it becomes necessary that the institutions of Dar-ul-Ifta and Dar-ul-Qaza be made more comprehensive and their network is further expanded so that the society may have a remedy beforehand. I have put these sentences as a precaution but it does not mean that I support the uniform civil code, of course not!


HOLY QURAN AND OBJECTIONS

Some wrong, baseless and misleading tendencies have emerged in the present day society. Now religious scriptures and tenets of various religions have become target of criticism.

Prior to dealing with the subject directly it would be better that some basic terms and issues are explained so that a decisive conclusion may be drawn.

What is Belief?

It has reached us in two forms.

  • IMAN (faith)
  • YAQEEN (Worldly belief)

We find Iman in the following form.

Iman

  • There is a creator of this universe.
  • This system of nature is being run and shall continue to be run by the creator and in accordance with his scheme of things.
  • The creator has given requisite wisdom to every creature and shaped its nature accordingly.
  • The human beings are classified as the most excellent of created things.
  • He blessed human being with the quality of wisdom and understanding and also blessed him to research, analyze and observe with freedom of thinking.
  • The Prophets were sent to guide the mankind. They received the revelations from God so that they may be able to pass the message of God to mankind.
  • The prophets themselves acted upon the message conveyed through revelation and preached the Umma (the followers) to act upon.
  • The creator passed on religious tenets to human beings through prophets so that they may distinguish between true and false, right and wrong, valid and invalid, legitimate or illegitimate etc.
  • The human beings were apprised that if they follow the path shown by Prophets and Shariah, they will be entitled to enjoy the lot of comforts in heaven but if they did not follow the above right path, they will be inviting trouble for them in the hell.
  • The human beings were given unfettered liberty to do whatever they like but at the same time they were warned of the consequences in case of acting upon in accordance or in violation of religious tenets.
  • Almighty knows about hidden and invisible things. Nothing is hidden from him, be it the past, present or future.
  • Almighty is Quadir-e-Mutlaq (the omnipotent). It is He, who gives life and takes it away.
  • Adam was the first human being as well as the Prophet who was blessed with proper wisdom, intellect, understanding and farsightedness and sent him to this mortal world in the complete shape, capacity and temperament of Man.
  • The whole humanity is the children of Adam and belongs to the same family.
  • One lakh twenty four thousand Prophets were sent to this world to guide the mankind, Adam being the first and Mohammed the last.
  • The series of Prophetship come to an end on Prophet Mohammad and henceforth no Prophet or messenger will be sent to this world till dooms day.
  • Quran came in the form of revelation to Prophet Mohammad for the guidance of all human beings.

"After the revelation of Quran, the Shariah (permissible and non permissible) of Bible, Zabur (the Psalms of David) and Taurat (the Old Testament) come to an end but their sanctity/relevance/utility as Holy Books and the content, contained therein, remain intact, barring those portions, where amendments (new Shariah Laws) have come. And this is absolutely logical. Rules of business may change but the essence gets never."

  • The contents of Bible, Zabur and Taurat were completely acknowledged in Quran of being revelations from God. Since there is no mention of Vedas in Quran that is why I refrain to include Vedas in the list of revealed messages. However, concepts like Tauheed, Prophethood, Life hereafter, Accountability to God for the acts and deeds committed, Heavan, Hell, Presence of Dos' and Donts' provide ample evidance for Vedas to be beleived as revealed eternal faith. It is an individual opinion and cannot be termed as the true Islamic position. This view gets further strengthed when Quran in Surah 16, A-36 says "For We assuredly sent amongst every people a Messenger". Islam is the consummation of all religions.
  • Since Quran is a revelation from God therefore, there is no possibility of any change. None has the right to make any changes whatsoever. The verses of Quran will never be changed though we will have the different commentaries, interpretations and translations as Quran is valid for all times to come.
  • This world is mortal, a passage and not the destination. The real destination is the life hereafter.
  • Islam is the finalized version of faith and as such enjoys the optimum pleasure of the Creator.
  • Islam is not the personal creation of Prophet Mohammad but was revealed on him from God, The Islam religion was preached by the Prophets who were sent in almost entire world as the messengers of God.
  • Any Muslim using any derogatory language against any of these Prophets or denying their existence shall cease to be a Muslim.

Worldly Belief

  • There is basic difference between Iman and Yaqeen (any belief or non conviction) Yaqeen is part of Iman but the later is not part of yaqeen.
  • Iman is directly related to the guidance received from the creator whereas yaqeen is based on human thinking or self imagination and limited foresight.
  • Iman has a permanent shape whereas yaqeen goes on changing with the passage of time. What we believe today may prove to be a farce tomorrow.
  • Iman is based on what has reached us from the creator who knows everything, be it present, past or future. He is aware of all requirements, needs, intricacies and problems involved. On the other hand human life is short and transient and it may come to an end any time. It has no control over its single breath. His convictions are based on guess and idea, the creation of which comes out of presumed results. How can it meet the requirements of past, present and future? Hence, his convictions may not hold well under all situations and for all ages.
  • Various systems and forms of political, economic, and social governance were considered to be the best in various parts of the world but after some time the same people rejected them by terming as useless and false. This has been continuing for centuries and shall be continued in future. It is only Iman that stood the test of time.

Basic Difference Between the Believers
and Worldly Persons

Iman is based on our firm belief in religion whereas yaqeen is related to worldly tenets, theories and principles which go on changing with the passage of time. Some time two contradictory views could be noted at the single point of time. Every one tries to take precedence over the A Few Demands other. Hence, there is always scope for change in worldly tenets. And it is also acknowledged.

Present Objections

These are worldly persons who consider Quran as a personal creation and are feeling the need for the changes in it as they have been changing their theories, thoughts and principles from time to time. Therefore, it becomes necessary for them to understand the depth of above mentioned subject and should not raise objections just for the sake of objections. If some body doesn't like our attitude, he is free to consider himself right and us wrong but should refrain from giving lesson to us. We have expressed our faith and this is our personal matter. They have no right to interfere in our religious matter as we have none.

A Few Demands

  • The Government should bring some legislation to ensure unfettered religious liberty and non - interference in religious matters.
  • The media should pay due respect to the sentiments of majority of the persons following any faith and refrain from unnecessary criticism of any faith.
  • Freedom of expression can be enjoyed by presenting the objective picture of all religions before the society. It should not be an exercise to bring a bad name to a particular religion.

Freedom of expression does not mean hurting the sentiments of a particular class of the society. If it is so, we oppose the concept of the unfettered liberty of expression. The government should formulate such code of conduct which can check the misuse of freedom of expression, as discussed under the heading of Muslim Personal Law.

BABRI MASJID DISPUTE

A view of the Babri Mosque, pre-1992.

On 6th December, 1992, more than four hundred years old historic Babri Masjid was demolished by eroding all moral values, defying all laws, disobeying orders of the Apex court, committing contempt of court in open as if there was no rule of law, shamelessly violating all international norms and provisions of all international human rights instruments which have now assumed universal character, throwing secular ethos of our composite culture to winds, and presenting a picture depicting people of a country that was aspiring to become a permanent member of the Security Council, as savages . After all there are certain norms even in madness. Our judiciary, executive and the political clan would not have been in such a state of helplessness than in the present situation in the history of independent secular India when even the term `secularism' had to take refuge as it had become alien in its own country. It all happened only a few kilometers away from a military presence. The whole country and its decisive majority was in a shock .The entire country was in turmoil and life in all spheres of activities was completely paralyzed. The Supreme Court took its notice and appointed the central government as the receiver of 66 acres of land in Ayodhya and granted permission for the construction of temporary temple there. Whatever remained at the place of mosque after its demolition is a complete temple in which the idol of Ram Lala is placed. Puja Archana is taking place regularly and Muslims have no access to that place. Litigation is going on in the courts. Librahan commission is conducting enquiry of the entire incident and is likely to submit its report shortly. The country is looking forward for its decisive solution through the court or by mutual talks. We are left with no option but to keep our fingers crossed. 20 crores Muslims, the self respecting community paid further price for the demolition by sacrificing their lives in post Ayodhya anti Muslim riots. It was a very typical situation. The sufferer was made to suffer further and those who had made them suffer had gone

Interior View under the right dome, with the octagonal fountain used for ablutions in the foreground. Under the Central dome (where the mihrab used to be) was placed an idol of Lord Rama separated from this area by a large canvas screen, for several years, before the mosque was sealed by the UP Government, both Muslims and Hindus offered prayers here.
Scot free and roaming free throughout the country and getting applause from their admirers. It appeared that the constitution, the political clan, the secular lobby, the Muslim leadership and their big and small organizations failed miserably to save the lives, properties, respect, dignity of innocent and oppressed Muslims including women folk. . The Indian Muslims got nothing except formal lip service. Now there is hardly any hope of the resolution of this dispute which is the core issue between the two biggest communities living in India. It is frequently suggested that the Babri Masjid dispute can be resolved in two ways firstly through court and secondly by way of mutual talks through a formula acceptable to the parties and without hurting the sentiments of both. Apparently it seems to be equitable but arriving at any decision or consensus is hard nut to crack. However, we should not give up hope

One of the columns of the Babri Mosque. Some Hindus say it came from a Temple under the site, particularly noting the two flowers (far top of photo) which they say are Hindu-associated lotus motifs, however this motif is common in mosques of that period.

We should keep in mind that every follow up action or positive initiative must be preceded by good intention and transparency. Hippocratic approach will not do. Similar things have always been happening with Muslim problems and their solutions and so are happening now. Our problems receive attention only on the eve of some election and then they meet the fate of an office file sent to record room. Everybody is a witness to it. In this age of science and Information Technology Muslims are being allured by the appointment of Urdu teachers and the establishment of Urdu, Persian or Arabic university. Do the Muslims of this country not require engineering, medical or IT colleges? Is there no need for making the opportunities of employment available by establishing big industrial units in places where they are in majority, providing better health care and education, implementing government schemes judiciously, providing reservation in government jobs and legislatures? Probably, it is no body's agenda. Self reliant Muslim community does not fit into their schemes of things. Let them remain ignorant, backward and oppressed.

 

Pictured is a six foot (2 m) window grill of the Babri mosque, These were six in number and so positioned to allow cool air, to sweep through the mosque the grills were a fine example of Islamic two-dimensional geometry. These together with the thick walls and high roof kept the interior cool. A large number smaller Roshandans were installed only for light with intricate geometrical patterns

During the regime of NDA Government, led by BJP all the Muslim Institutions or minority institutions like national and state minority commissions, central and state Haj committees, Dargah committee Khwaja Sahib, Central Wakf Board, Maulana Azad Educational Foundation, National and State minority financial corporations and Urdu academies etc.also continued to work normally like Congress regime. All have been using and exploiting us as per their formulae.

The Babri Mosque Arcade. Following the traditional hypostyle plan imported from Western Asia, this opened to a large walled courtyard with a deep drinking water well.
At one stage Advani Ji had stated that temple should be constructed there itself that means at the place where originally Masjid stood. Mr. Vajpayee was talking to remove the hurdles but his views on the subject were also almost identical. All the "secular political parties" of this country are in favour of the construction of the temple. The difference is in language and statements, inner is the same. The difference is seen only apparently and Muslims are tempted to take their political decisions. Vajpayee wanted to solve the dispute through mutual talks and the entire country is also of the same view. But let me tell my Muslim sisters, brothers, mothers and fathers that all of them want the construction of temple and none the razed masjid. It is a bitter fact. At the time of each election this issue comes up with a new spirit and the political parties exploit it for attracting the voters in their own way. The reality is that in this period of hypocrisy, sincerity has been buried. It is time to play fraud or to be at the receiving end.
Showing Kar Sevaks shouting slogans in front of the mosque on the day of its destruction in 1992.
With reference to Babri Masjid I want to tell few things to people. When this issue began, the term was only Babri Masjid. It becomes Babri Masjid- Ram Janambhumi when lock was opened, thereafter, Ram Jamanbhumi- Babri Masjid and now it is Ram Janam Bhumi or Ayodhya issue or disputed structure but it is refrained to mention mosque. As I stated above, Indian Muslims have already suffered a lot, their leadership has failed miserably and all the political parties have reached a consensus for the construction of temple and if the court also decides in favour of temple, Muslims shall be back to square one. If the court decides against the temple, will it be acceptable to majority community? Not at all. Can the Indian Muslims point out a single political party or a political leader who can get this decision implemented. Truth is always bitter. "This community may get rid of future mischief by accepting the ground realities and respecting religious sentiments of majority community and there is no alternative.

This thinking is being given a wide publicity." Now the question is whether Muslims have no religious sentiments, definitely they have. Do we have such courage required to face such a situation? Probably not, we are in minority, scattered, and have day today dealings with majority. Mutual hatred, riots and killings are destroying us regularly. We lost lives and properties unilaterally. We are economically ruined. We can not get assistance from any where, no convict of riots has been sentenced so far, and we don't have leadership even at local level what to talk of national level. We talk much but do nothing. Bodies like Personal Law Board, All Indian Babri Masjid action committee do not have persons who can be said to be popular in Muslim community. Most of our "National Leaders" are not capable of winning a corporation seat without the support of a political party. They are either frightened to contest or are deadly sure of
loosing.

This country has a decisive majority of Ahl-e-Sunnat-wal-Jamat with headquarter at Bareilly. Then it is Deobandi school of thought which has its religious leadership in Dar-ul-Uloom Deoband. These organizations are not the alternative of either religious leadership or political leadership. Then the question is as to where is the solution of the problem?

In real sense it is purely a problem of shariah. In this regard my stand is very clear. The place on which mosque, Mimber and Musalla were constructed, from where the Azan (the call for prayer) started to be pronounced and where prayers were observed five times a day that place from ground to sky and from under the earth to the highest heaven is mosque and will remain so. There is no any scope for give and take. In case of such situation the sole method to resolve this issue is Dar-ul-Ifta. Questionnaire may be prepared and that too at the level of institutions so that the scope of taking another Fatwah by preparing another questionnaire may be ruled out. This work may be undertaken by All India Muslim Personal Law Board and All India Babri Masjid Action Committee together who are associated with judicial proceedings of Babri Masjid dispute and probably it is also their right. The problem is referred to Muftis representing different schools of thought at Dar-ul- Ifta, Bareily. Deoband, Banaras and Lucknow etc. So far as All Indian India Muslim Personal Law Board is concerned, its status is recognized with reference to Personal Law. All acknowledge it and no body has any objection. But the dispute like Babri Masjid issue is out of its jurisdiction. This stand is supported and advocated by Dar-ul-Uloom Deoband, Bareilly Sharif, Shahi Imam Jama Masjid, Delhi, Kul Hind Tanzeem Aimma Masajid, Delhi, Dargah Ajmer Sharief, and Anjuman Moinya Fakhriya Chishtiya. This institution shall become dignified if it keeps itself away from politics and political activities. Moreover, it is not an alternative to Dar-ul-Ifta. Today the Muslims of the world in general and Indian Muslims in particular are required to further centralize the Dar-ul-Ifta system so that the people may get a mandate of Shariah in minimum time on disputes of complicated nature. It was not long ago when a fatwa issued in respect of sacrifice of Cow was given though it is not new but has received lot of applause and praise in the entire country and specially by Majority community. I would also like to add that even today if we can find any sort of leadership and organizational set up, it is in the religious field. Social and political fields do not accept us. We are almost deprived. For example there is no dispute that Bareilly Sharif is the religious leadership for the Ahle-e-Sunnat Wal-Jamat living in India and also a center for this school of thought. Da-rul-Uloom, Deoband also possesses the same place for its followers called Deobandis. They enjoy their importance and utility as per their status. The decision of these two centers in religious matters is acceptable by the Muslims living not only in India but in the entire sub-continent. Thus, my humble submission is that most of our problems are linked with our religious faith or school of thought then why these can not be decided by these centers and their leadership. The conclusion is that political issues be dealt with by politicians and the questions of religion and Shariah by theologists.

H A J

A view of performing Haj

The Present System and Reforms

Haj is one of the five pillars of Islam and every Muslim, be a male or female, who has the capacity, financial or otherwise, wants to perform it. Therefore, Haj system and the reforms required to be carried out are of prime importance to every Muslim.

It is also a fact that every Muslim has a keen desire to perform Haj. However, this pilgrimage is becoming difficult because of its increasing expenses day by day. In order to overcome these hardships, it is essential to point out the problems but at the same time it will also be appropriate to analyze the present situation.

Present Situation

Since the performance of Haj involves journey to a foreign country it is essential to follow all international norms. However, Government of India may simplify the procedure; curtail the expenditure likely to be incurred on travel, and make other facilities available like medical assistance, availability of foreign exchange and tickets on easy terms, exemption from certain taxes, making the travel safe etc. Here I admit that Government has been providing substantial facilities to fortunate Haj Pilgrims. But at the same time, it cannot be said that the system is foolproof. Some discrepancies are likely to be crept in. Necessary steps may be taken to make good of such deficiencies so that the journey become further comfortable and it will also fulfill the long pending desire of Indian Muslims.

Present System

  • Establishment of Central Haj Committee.
  • Establishment of State Haj Committees.
  • Inviting applications many months before Haj.
  • It is mandatory and compulsory to send the cheque or Draft of total amount together with application.
  • These cheques or drafts are drawn in favour of Central Haj Committee and a substantial amount remains deposited with Haj committee for several months.
  • Further several months are required to refund the amounts to those, whose applications may have been rejected. Though for the last few years all those who are applying to go are almost getting the opportunity.
  • The Haj Committees at the Central and State level are constituted by the Government in power through nominations and as such political interference is always there.
  • Haj Cell in the Ministry of External affairs regulates the functioning of Haj affairs.

    Demands to the Government of India:
    New Haj Act; 2003

An autonomous National Haj Commission is established immediately.

  • Central Haj Committee is a Milli Institution and as such its accounts be published.
  • Proportionate representation of persons representing various schools of thought in Central and state Haj Committees as per the percentage of population.
  • Pious persons, intellectuals, reputed and respectable Muslims are nominated to such Haj Committees.
  • Procedure of nomination on the basis of political and social affiliation may be stopped so that the system of Haj committees may be more effective, comprehensive and meaningful.
  • Income and expenditure account of these committees be made public so that there may not be any misappropriation of money.
  • More medical facilities are provided to the pilgrims.
  • A big Haj House is constructed in the capitals of all states on the pattern like at Mumbai; Wakf property may be put to this use so that adequate boarding and lodging facilities be provided to Haj Pilgrims. Both the state government and central Haj committees should share the expenditure on it. The steps taken by few states in this direction are encouraging.

"The Government of India may play a pivotal role in accepting these demands and solving the genuine problems of the Haj pilgrims by taking suitable action at the earliest. It is also necessary to admit and appreciate the concessions and facilities being made available to Haj pilgrims at present. Few years back a new Haj terminal has been provided in Delhi and the number of Haj flights from Delhi which was five in 1996 has been increased to thirteen in the year 2004. Meanwhile a new Haj Committee Act has also been enacted. This all happened during the regime of NDA. Good work should always be appreciated be it done by any one. By dealing with this matter in detail I am just showing my judicious approach."

 

 

Moral Problems

Morality, straight forwardness, truth, honesty, submission to Allah in all circumstances, human values, harmonious relations with neighbors and others, spirit of reciprocation etc are not only of paramount importance in Islam but for Iman good morality is a prime condition. The life of last Prophet Mohammad is full of piety and moral values. The standard of morality set in by the Prophet was subsequently followed by Sahabas (companions of Prophet) and later on by Tebeien (companions of the companions of Prophet) and Tabe Tabeien (companions of the companions of Prophet Mohammad's companions) and presented such a unique example of morality that no other society has been able to provide. What to talk of others, we the Muslims cannot reach that height. It is the righteousness, high standard of morality, simplicity, soft spokenness, hospitality, judicious approach, equal treatment to all and such other qualities that have helped Muslim saints to preach Islamic teachings to masses. Such a big population of Muslims in this piece of land is its physical
proof.

The Present Situation

It is really painful that we have completely ignored our rich heritage. Our traditions and values have become history. If the comparison is made between our lives and the lives of Prophet, Caliphs, Martyrs of Karbala we will stand no where. Why is it so? It requires pondering. Is it not the same root cause of our collective deterioration, downtroddeness, poverty, illiteracy, ignorance, deprivation, etc.? Yes it is. If we want our betterment and existence we should follow the right path shown by Prophet Mohammad and Islam.

Problems

  • Lack of moral values and morality.
  • Irrational and emotional approach-qualities like harmony, hospitality, and moderate attitude, mutual understanding missing.
  • Misappropriation of money belonging to widows, blood relations and neighbors.
  • Not granting them rights as per Shariah.
  • Groupism, personal rivalry, hatred, state of confusion in Muslim Society.
  • Fundamental moral and social values like unity, unanimity, collectiveness, mutual harmony and tolerance have become things of the past.
  • Character assassination, making remarks against each other, ignoring Iman, morality and collective interest at the altar of personal motives have become order of the day.
  • Unfair treatment towards relations, neighbors and friends.
  • Non appreciation of the achievements of our near and dear ones, neighbors and friends. Rather trying to be instrumental in getting them degraded, thereby giving a complete show of jealousy.
  • More emphasis on selfishness and individuality.
  • Righteousness and truth have been replaced by falsehood, cheating and hypocrisy.
  • Complete acquaintance with the importance of legitimate earnings but action completely contrary to it.
  • The section involved in religious activities receiving financial assistance or contribution for the construction or running the affairs of a mosque, Madarsa or such other institutions. They never try to establish their own source of income. The difference between ligitimate and illegitimate earning has lost its importance.
  • Social evils like bribery, hoarding, use of intoxicants etc. are finding place in Muslim society gradually.
  • Muslims, representing different schools of thoughts, have contoversies. Justifications have been found for assaulting namazis (who offer prayers), forcible possession of mosques and their use for personal gain.
  • Picture of a common Muslim is getting very poor in the Indian Society and elsewhere.

"Youths are killing themselves and the innocent knowingly through suicide attacks. But whether this is being done according to Shariah and after getting the opinion of scholars of repute? Definitely not. Does Islam have no respect for human life? Of course have! Where are we going? Are we directionless? Those who are misguiding the youths through misinterpretation of religion, Are they not doing much greater harm to the faith and its sanctity than its hostile opponents. Of course yes! The main guilty are those who are instigating these youths to take to extreme militant tendencies"

Had we been True Muslims?

A true Muslim must possess the following qualities:

  • He should be fully familiar with the tenets of his religion, Shariah, Islamic jurisprudence and must put in best efforts to lead the life accordingly.
  • Observance of high standards of morality and fair dealings must be visible in our acts, expressions, reactions etc. But we are in the grip of aggressiveness and sometimes behave like insane persons.
  • Service to mankind should be considered as religious duty and it must demonstrate in our actions, reactions, responses and even in motions. We pray for Muslims only though Islam is not only for mankind but for the whole universe. This is an area where we are lacking badly. Charity and Muslim should be like two sides of the same coin.

    "Islam is the religion of a fish swimming in sea, of a bird flying in sky, of the insects crawling on earth, of visible and invisible objects, of all operations right from beginning to the last, of what is disclosed and what is not disclosed, of a dead body before burial and later also of the Day of Judgment and award of heaven and hell"

  • Softspokeness, Moderate approach and hospitality should be a common habit.
  • He should be law abiding and keep all promises. He should be committed to his religion and religious scriptures and be equally respectful to others. But at the same time he should be faithful to the constitution of the country.
  • Moral values and soft spokenness must be adopted even with opponents. Patience is always a better option.
  • Wisdom and proper approach should be the center of understanding.
  • All the rights given to and duties imposed upon by Shariah, be enjoyed and discharged continuously and regularly.
  • One should consider it mandatory to receive religious and worldly education and act upon accordingly.
  • The parents should play a positive role to bring up their children and that of their clan, Mohalla and Society to promote the highest standards of morality and rationality.
  • Present a picture of a true Muslim by acts and deeds.

"Purification, sanitation and cleanliness contribute to half of our Iman. Don't ignore the discharge of your duty of keeping the localities neat and clean individually or collectively. More care for the cleanliness should be taken in the neighborhood then inside your houses. With this reference your role should be more meaningful. The present situation is contrary to it. We pay attention to keep our houses neat and clean but not the neighborhood. It is routine to throw garbage in street and filth in the drains. "

  • In order to keep the atmosphere free from pollution, dirt and filth, pay attention for keeping your neighborhood neat and clean and promote the greenery.
  • While dealing with community problems, we must prefer unanimity to division.
  • We should present exemplary models of our conduct and patriotism while dealing with national problems and affairs.
  • Bring up yourself in a true Islamic Society so that you may present an example which is commendable and worth emulating.
  • Muslims and Muslim society may overcome a number of hardships and problems just by adopting highest standards of morality and decency. They can also receive appreciation for their role in community and nation building.
  • Concluding this topic, I would like to clarify there is no escape from Shariah and we should shape our lives by doing what our Prophet was doing. It will be a life without any conflict and a life compatible with all national and international norms of morality.

 

SOCIAL PROBLEMS

MUSLIM WAKF AND COMMUNITY WELFARE

This problem is of vital importance for Muslims because it is their lifeline and is directly related to their development and social upliftment. This problem is concerned with those Wakf properties which have been under unauthorized occupation and many false and frivolous claims are made in respect of such properties every now and then. A number of cases are pending in various Lower and Higher courts for several years. There are also such Wakf properties on which government, semi government or purely non government institutions, organizations and parties have raised residential, official and commercial complexes and that too without paying any compensation to respective Wakf boards. Some of the lands have been grabbed by the central and state governments in the name of green belt. Education institutions are established on a few lands. In order to really appreciate the actual state of affairs, we have to understand some basic concepts.

What is Wakf?

Wakf is the appropriation or dedication of land, property, aspects, Money or institutions, the use of which necessarily be made according to the wishes or will of the person who had bequeathed those things.

Need and Reasons for Creation of Wakf

Well off persons, organizations or parties or in old times Kings, Princes, Princess, Nawabs, Jagidars or Zamindars etc. used to create Wakfs for the Muslim society or weaker and poor sections within the said society to support them. These Wakfs were called Wakf -al-Allah. These Wakfs were created to provide some lands to graveyards, Mosques, and tombs of holy persons and to meet the expenditure in respect thereof. Some lands, properties and assets were used to be bequeathed for general welfare of the people by creating Wakf Al-Allah. These Wakfs were created in accordance with Shariah as a virtue act of getting rewards (especially of obedience to Allah). This is also Sadqa-e-Jariya (Alms, the benefits of which shall continue to pour in).

Present State Of Wakf Properties

Number of Wakf properties is dwindling day by day due to inefficient and ineffective functioning of Wakf boards, Misappropriation and embezzlement, government apathy and above all irresponsible behavior of Muslim community at large. Wakf properties are being grabbed or manipulated in collusion with police officers that is the executive on one hand and dishonest members and employees of the board on the other hand. Some of the properties are in litigation and some are under unauthorized occupation on which educational, commercial and office complexes have come up.

So far as the accomplishment of real objectives of Wakf is concerned, particularly with reference to their role in general welfare of Muslims, there are many legal obstacles but at the same time undesirable elements are free to grab Wakf properties. This is the true state of affairs.

The Problems

  • Unauthorized possession over Wakf properties.
  • Ineffective implementation of Wakf Laws.
  • Unsatisfactory functioning of Wakf Boards.
  • Incompetence of Members of Wakf Boards and the complaint of misappropriation etc.
  • Misuse of Wakf properties against the very spirit of creation of a Wakf.
  • Incomplete survey and poor maintenance of records pertaining to wakf properties.
  • Wakf boards loosing grip on such properties,
  • The problem of receiving compensation for unauthorized occupation of Wakf properties and their eviction.
  • Need to change the use of Wakf land so as to commensurate with Shariah.
  • Wakf Boards and their administrative structure are in a very bad shape.
  • Improper constitution of Wakf Boards.
  • Nomination to Wakf Boards based on political affiliations.
  • Ineffective and inadequate Wakf laws a great hindrance in the initiation and implementation of welfare schemes for Muslim Community.
  • According to 1995 Act, tribunals must be established in each district of the states.
  • Immediate need to increase the income of Wakf Board and its proper utilization.

Demands to the Government of India.

In order to remove unauthorized possessions from the Wakf properties, Wakf Tribunals must be established in all the districts of each state of the country in accordance with Wakf Act, 1995. Central and state governments to ensure that their decisions are implemented by concerned Departments honestly and sincerely.

  • Wakf properties are brought out of the purview of Rent Control laws so that Wakf Boards may enhance their rental income. Some states have already taken steps in this regard but other states are yet to follow.
  • The documents and records pertaining to wakf properties may be preserved through microfibres.
  • All Wakf cases which are pending for trial in various lower and higher courts be transferred to special courts to be set up for the purpose in each state or to tribunals to be established in accordance with the provisions of new Wakf Act, 1995 for early disposal.
  • Executive should cooperate in implementing the decisions of Wakf tribunals and courts. Centre and state legislatures should constitute committees comprising of their respective members for monitoring the functioning of wakf institutions so that their observations may be brought to the notice of respective houses and the houses may, in turn., take remedial action
  • The Wakf land, included in green belt by the Government should be given back to the concerned Wakf boards for meeting legitimate demands of the local Muslim population. Compensation for the wrongly acquired land be paid or the land restored to wakf Board and its land use changed. Easy change in land use may be permitted by law so that the land may be used for graveyards, mosques, religious, educational and commercial purposes in order to ensure that dependence of Muslim Community to meet day to day expenditure is minimized. Gulbarga Sharif and its management in Karnataka is its living example. Dargah Ajmer Sharif and Marehra Sharif are also following the suit. Just imagine about other religious shrines. If their Sajjadgan and devotees also follow the same practice then the entire picture will be changed.
  • All Wakf land, properties and estate lying idle exposed to illegal possession or open to misuse, be ordered to be used for establishing educational, social and welfare centers by making necessary amendments in Wakf Laws. Commercial centers may also be allowed to be established on such lands but the present Wakf laws be amended in order to provide that income derived from these centers shall be utilized for the purpose of Wakfs and Welfare activities.
  • In order to improve the functioning of Wakf Boards, respectable, prosperous and well reputed persons of Muslim Community should be nominated as members of Wakf boards. The members should not be nominated on the basis of their political affiliations.
  • Wakf Board must comprise of able, competent and honest persons representing various schools of thoughts and walks of life.
  • Statements of income and expenditure of all Wakf boards be published as public documents of the Muslim Community.
  • Keeping in view the country wide network of Wakfs, directly related to the progress and prosperity of 20 crores of Muslims, there must be a full fledged Ministry dealing with Wakfs in the central Government like states.

    The Problem of Wakfs should be taken up more seriously firstly by the community, its responsible leaders, organizations and parties and then the Government will also follow suit, failing which all the efforts and sacrifices of our forefathers for the welfare of coming generations will go waste and the general condition of community will continue to deteriorate further. May God help and protect us - Amen.

    Necessary and Important

    "Muslim population is that chunk of India's population which would become self sufficient if the Wakf properties, donated by our ancestors for the community's welfare are duly restored to it and commercial activity for charitable cause is allowed on them. Necessary amendments in the Wakf Act 1995 to pave the way for this course to be followed are made. According to community estimates the total worth of wakf properties is 3,75,000 crores. The researchers are of the view that if this property is properly utilised it can generate an annual income of 16,000 crores of rupees. Here the demand is for restoring of what belongs to us and the use of which is reserved for us. We are not demanding anything from the government, putting no burden on its exchequer, seeking no concession in taxes or asking for any facility or privilege. We should be given our land of which we are the legitimate custodian and the prospective beneficiaries. Tribunals may be set up in all those states and districts where such a property exists and is under illegal occupation so that it is vacated from unauthorized occupants. Our only demand from the government is to change the land use."

 

Hindu-Muslim Riots

An innocent Muslim under attack from
a Hindu mob In Gujarat riots 2002

The foundation of civilized society is based on the principle of co-existence in which internal differences and diversities do not become the cause of mutual confrontation and hatred but develop in such a form of individuality in which in spite of possessing different forms, structures and personalities they are known as one nation, society and community and the civilization. Indian society is a living example of co-existence and pluralistic social structure. It is not only our national dignity that matters but also our individual recognition. Since we believe in unity in diversity and that too in such a unique way that every individual unit has absolute freedom to promote and develop it, we should sincerely strive for it in a healthy environment and there should be no scope for separatism. National interest must always be paramount and there should be no compromise on national security and national pride should never be at stake and sentiments of anyone should not be aroused and feelings hurt. It means unity is based on factors of unity and not on factors of disunity and discord. It should all be done within constitutional framework and it should be a model to be presented to the whole world for laurels and not condemnation.

Hindu-Muslim riots having started before the partition of India itself and continuing till date have not only resulted in heavy loss of life and property but they have also affected our economic nerve centers badly. Such sort of tendencies should be nipped in the bud if we have to move along with or ahead of big industrial nations of the world. Changing international scenario is also requiring us to mend our ways.

Persons belonging to the minority as well as majority communities are expected to reform themselves, change their attitudes and set up new moral and social trends. They should not do anything that hurts feelings of any individual or group of persons.

"We all the citizens of the land, irrespective of any consideration for faith, cast, colour and creed together constitute the Indian society. We must learn to share each other's happiness and sorrow. All of us are flowers of the same orchard and each flower in this orchard must get a chance to blossom and no one should be allowed to snatch this right or pollute the fragrance of these blossoming flowers. The fragrance of Indian flowers is matchless and come what may it should be kept away from the match box. "

As far as Hindu-Muslim communal riots are concerned, identification of the causes must precede their solution and then the suggestions shall follow. The last thing would be to convert these suggestions into demands and put them before the government formally.

The Problem

  • Lack of prompt administrative and political response to check riots.
  • Absence of effective and precautionary steps by government machinery at the places which are considered communally sensitive.
  • Ineffective control over elements involved in provocation of communal passions through posters, speeches, misleading propaganda and rumors.
  • Anti-social elements indulging in loot, gangrape and other henius crimes and atrocities go scot free.
  • Absence of mutual trust among the members of different religious communities.
  • General atmosphere of mutual suspicion, hostility, hatred and enmity.
  • Lack of timely action against erring officials where communal riots take place.
  • Muslims suffer the most in communal riots. Their loss of life and property in comparison to the majority is huge.
  • Why riots always take place at such places where Muslims are comparatively well off or their economic growth is showing substantial and significant improvement.
  • Absence of implimentation of the recommendations of the duly constituted enquiry commissions.

Some Healthy Signs

  • Out of lakhs of villages, thousands of towns and districts and hundreds of cities we find few selective places where major communal riots normally take place.
  • By and large common brotherhood, communal harmony and promotion of fraternal bonds are the inherent qualities of Indian society.
  • Secular values are still held good by the majority of Indians.
  • The secular credentials of our Lagislature, Judiciary and Bureaucracy do come under cloud at times but mostly all of these are adhering to the model code of human conduct.
  • Most of our Hindu Brothers condemned the demolition of Babri Masjid and stated in clear terms that such an action was wrong, immoral and unconstitutional; our press also expressed similar views.
  • As regards Gujarat anti-Muslim riots, National Human Rights Commission, Human Rights organizations and social activists in the country and the Supreme Court of India, central and state legislatures, paper, print and electronic media, and the National Minorities Commission have played their roles to the greater satisfaction of Muslim community and even the statements made by the then Prime Minister and Dy. Prime Minister with reference to riots all prove that when atrocities, general hostilities and oppression cross its limits, one has to admit it, realize it, explain it, settle it and pay a heavy price for it and also need to go in for self retrospection, followed by remedial action. Mere apology does not work.
  • The spirit and basic psychology of an average Indian is close to secular values however, communalism and religious extremism since the unlocking of Babri masjid have gained strong foothold and even the most secular ones' are turning to communal
    forces.
  • All the religions do enjoy good sense of freedom.
  • Freedom of expression, as is enshrined in the constitution of India is solidly in place. Governance in totality can be criticized. Media and judiciary are quite independent.
  • All sections are at liberty to practice/propagate their religion, write books, make speeches, express their views, establish their institutions and preserve their historical and cultural
    heritage.

Proposed Action Plan to Control Riots

  • Muslim representation in police and other law enforcing agencies should be increased substantially. Ratio of their representation should be determined in each state on the basis of their population there.
  • u The Central and State governments by giving proportional representation to Muslims in Intelligence agencies must win over the confidence of Muslims of India.
  • Under special recruitment schemes, camps may be organized in such localities where the majority of population is Muslim and in this regard assistance of the administration of Minority educational institutions is obtained.
  • Law enforcing agencies should review the procedure of training to inculcate secular spirit in the minds of officers and employees and such other steps may be taken which are considered necessary to attain this objective.
  • Police force and such other forces are appraised of the religious values of the people professing different religions.
  • In order to check or curb communalism, narrow mindedness, mutual hatred, partiality and similar other unhealthy trends in police force, high ranking police officers should be seen performing their acts and deeds in really impartial, honest, and judicious manner and more so as true guardians of law.
  • It is not possible to eliminate communal feelings till all law enforcing agencies are sensitized to the utility of communal harmony.
  • In all the sensitive areas, towns or cities which frequently become the victim of communal riots specially trained police force may be posted to control riots particularly in places with substantial Muslim population.
  • Intelligence agencies should also be very careful and active in such sensitive areas so that an eye is kept on the activities of anti social elements and police be provided relevant information so that it may take preventive action.
  • A special eye be kept on the elements that may create disturbances by arousing communal passions during religious festivals or on ceremonial occasions and they should be apprehended without any loss of time.
  • Peace committees comprising of respectable persons belonging to different communities in proper proportion be formed at all the places in order to maintain peace and communal harmony. These committees may be named as "Bhaichara Committees".
  • These committees should hold their meetings regularly and particularly on the occasion of festivals and extend their cooperation to the administration so that the atmosphere is not polluted and communal frenzy is kept at bay.
  • Joint celebration of festivals is encouraged.
  • Police and other law enforcing agencies should have full coordination with peace committees so that the obstacles coming in the way of cordial relations are removed immediately.
  • Anti social elements should not have any doubts about action against them by the police as the communal riots can never take place without their involvement, connivance and tacit understanding?
  • Police must keep with them a list of such anti social elements and pay special attention to their activities on each and every sensitive occasion.
  • As far as practicable, the religious processions should not pass through narrow lanes and Mohallas because anti social elements find it easy to create mischief there and then make good their escape.
  • It is the responsibility of the government to take strict action against those irresponsible officers and staff who are found guilty of not discharging their basic duty to protect the life, property and dignity of people.
  • In case of not controlling the riots immediately, the incharge of concerned police station be suspended and even after the reinstatement, he should not be granted future increments and promotion at least for two years. However, in case of conviction he should be dismissed as is so provided in conduct rules of all such agencies.
  • Besides, if the communal riot is not controlled within 24 hours, the concerned D.M., S.S.P. and S.P. should also be suspended. Mere transfers will not do.
  • Those indulged in communal riots and causing any loss of life and property must be dealt with sternly by police irrespective of their religion, caste, color, creed and status.
  • Instead of resorting to firing, tear gassing, use of rubber bullets and releasing water with pressure be done more effectively against the crowd indulging in riots.
  • Unnecessary hurry should not be made in issuing the orders for firing. However, if it is inevitable, the police should ensure that the loss of life is minimum.
  • The officers adopting judicious approach during riots, taking prompt action against anti social elements and succeeding in controlling riots immediately must get early promotion.
  • The central Government and state Governments should institute awards for police officers for their good record of secular and impartial approach. It may be in the form of certificate of merit, advance increments and a cash award of Rs. 25000/-
  • The report of enquiry committees and enquiry commissions appointed to find out the reasons of breaking out riots and the atrocities committed therein should be published and made public. To prevent action must be taken against erring officials and the government must ensure honest implementation of the recommendations of commissions instituted. This has not happened till date.
  • The Government must keep a vigil on all institutions, persons, newspapers, magazines and propagandists indulged in spreading communal venom and in order to keep the society free from their evil effects, stern action is taken against defaulters so as to establish the supremacy of the rule of law.
  • The elements spreading hatred on religious grounds in the name of a particular religion must be dealt with hard hand irrespective of the religion they belong to. They should not be allowed to become heroes for nothing because of delay in action against them.
  • The religious places should be used for religious purposes, substantially imparting religious instructions, and not for politics, political activities, arousing communal feelings and spoiling the atmosphere of communal harmony. It brings bad name to the religion as also to the followers. Even the leaders become the target of criticism. The government should take all necessary steps to implement all provisions of the Indian Penal Code relating to offences against religion and such other matters. In a democracy based on the principle of secularism, religion and politics are bound to be separate. However, where the state has adopted some religion to be a state religion, politics and religion can go together.

"A ban should be imposed on the use of places of worship and religious institutions for furthering political ends, political or politicized expressions, criticizing government and its policies, state or national leadership, supporting or opposing a political ideology or political dispensation organizing political protests or exhibiting any material relating to politics. Mixing of politics with religion can not be permitted in a secular constitutional order. Places of worship are sacred places and their sanctity must be maintained by those who lead, perform, facilitate, perpetuate or administer the prayers or arrangements therein. Even the use of loudspeakers needs to be regulated. "

Legislation may be brought to make it obligatory for media to report communally sensitive matters objectively and in such a way that communal harmony is not disturbed. It should, however be done within the parameters of Article 19 of the constitution which guarantees full freedom of press.

"It is incumbent upon intellectuals that they present the history of the country to present and future generations in such a way which positively contributes in creating the atmosphere of pleasant relationship among the followers of different religions and also in the review of such portions of curriculum which creates general hostility and subsequently damage the prevailing communal harmony in the society"

  • Contents, even if they are historically correct, may be omitted from the history books because they divide the people and the communities, communalise their mindset and stereotype the thinking. Love has more force than hatred as the peace is in all circumstances preferable to conflict.
  • All writings and speeches arousing communal passions should be banned henceforth.
  • The financial loss is made good by imposing additional tax on the tax payers of the locality or localities where communal riots break out. This will inspire the elite class to play their role in promoting and maintaining mutual cordial relations.
  • It is also the responsibility of the leaders hailing from communally sensitive areas to extend full cooperation in maintaining peace and refrain from making politically motivated and communally sensitive speeches that may serve hidden objectives of extremists and communal elements who are always there to exploit them to further their "dirty" agenda.
  • The intellectuals, respectables and volunteers must play their positive role of having mutual rapport with a view to encourage amity and brotherood amongst all.
  • Police personnel posted in riot hit areas must get best treatment at the hands of local population so that they may also reciprocate and show impartiality.
  • Sometimes some misguided Muslim youths incite police personnel and as a result of their retaliation, it is only the common man who suffers. After all police personnel are also human beings like us. They may also get incited by bad attitude and may indulge in acts that are contrary to their professional ethics.
  • Always beware of misguided and communal elements who always add fuel to the fire. They just lit the fire but do not extinguish it, cause losses but do not make good the loss. Behave intelligently and cautiously and don't be aggressive and
    violent.
  • Muslim leaders, parties and organizations should play their role to promote positive and healthy trends in the society. Urdu press has prime responsibility in this context.
  • Hindu communal organizations, parties and their leaders may also not react to some wrong actions of a few misguided Muslim youth or so called Muslim leadership. They never represent 20 crores Muslims. They impose their wrong agenda over entire Muslim population. Hindus and Muslims as also other communities of India have a common national agenda and they must join hands with each other in accomplishing this agenda. Agenda for any negative operation is no
    agenda.
  • Muslim society should discourage communal elements whose emotional and limited approach to various issues brings bad name to it.

"Healthy inter- community relationship is the best security for communal harmony".

Acknowledgement

  • In Andhra Pradesh the record of Chandra Babu Naidu and of his Telgu Desam party has been neat and clean but its stand on Gujarat massacre of Muslims put a question mark on its credibility for which it had to pay a heavy price for its bogus stand. Whereas the policies of the present chief minister, Dr. YSR Reddy needs special mention. His stand on reservation for Muslims can be considered historic, praiseworthy and commendable.
  • In Assam, Gagoi Govt. has maintained communal harmony. This is the same Assam where almost 5,000 Muslims were butchered when we were hosting Non Alignment Summit in New Delhi and most of the heads of states or governments of Muslim countries were attending it. He deserves a good chit.
  • Bihar faced the brutal riots at Bhagalpur, Bihar Sharif during congress regime. Since Mr. Lalu Prasad Yadav came to power, caste fights are there but no major communal riot has been reported in Bihar for the last 15 years. Let us hope that under Mr. Nitesh Kumar communal harmony shall get further strengthened in this context, Mr. Yadav must be appreciated for his impartial role in checking communalism.
  • The role of Smt. Sheila Dikshit is also highly appriciable in Delhi where she never allows the atmosphere to be polluted by communal elements. Recent handling of bomb blasts at a time when the citizens of Delhi were engaged in celebrating or preparing for the twin festivals of Dewali and Eid bears testimony to this fact. She is a perfect example of Indian secularism.
  • In Karnataka, Shri Krishna's role is also commendable like that of Mr. Devi Gowda. Present chief minister Mr Dharam Singh is also following the suit of his mentor Shri Deve Gowda. This is a class of true Indian secularists.
  • I would like to extend my regards to Sh. Ashok Gahlot and Sh. Digvijay Singh for maintaining communal harmony in Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh respectively despite worst of provocations by communal elements to disturb peace and tranquility in their respective states. Both have done a commendable job and one can be proud of their secular credentials.
  • In U.P., Mulayam Singh Yadav and Mayavati had succeeded to put a check on communal riots. Both deserved appreciation and credit. Secular credentials of both of them are reliable.
    Ms. Mayawati while forming government with BJP never sacrificed her secular base and pro-Muslim agenda. She and her party remains the best example of proportionate representation to Muslims in the distribution of tickets in Lok Sabha and assembly elections. A solid and sustainable tie up of Muslims with her is still awaited. Some of the prominent Muslim politicans who joined her, left her midway and this must have definitely hurt her. She also needs to understand that a permanent tie up between her and the Muslims will not materialise till equitable socio-political status is offerd by her to those joining her.
  • The riots of Murshidabad and Maldah in West Bengal are still fresh in the minds but now complete communal harmony is being maintained there since the communists took over the government. No finger can be raised on the secular credentials of communists both in Kerala and West Bengal.

"People with such secular credentials reassure the minorities of their safe future in the country. In the back drop of all these circumstances, the positive aspect is that all the secular parties, government and non government human rights institutions and even the judiciary have taken a serious notice of the one sided atrocities committed on Muslims in Gujarat, the details of which have been mentioned at a number of places. It shows that conscience of India is still alive and even today secularism is not a dead force and it continues to be the backbone of Indian democracy"

URDU LANGUAGE


Bahadur Shah Zafar the Last Mughal Emperor and a great Urdu poet

First of all it is clarified that it is absolutely a wrong notion that Urdu is the language of Muslims. As a matter of fact, it belongs to entire country and the whole of Indian nation. It is an integrated part of our composite culture. It has derived words from all Indian languages. Freedom struggle, national unity and communal harmony are such concepts that may loose their relevance if they are separated from Urdu. The role played by Urdu and Urdu poets in freedom struggle as also their role in promoting patriotism and safeguarding secular traditions is not denied even by its strongest critics. Those who do not acknowledge it, may be described as ignorant or those denying a reality deliberately have to be termed as fascists. It is the language which gave patriotic songs and poems which cultivate in us an utmost sense of nationalism and communal harmony like;

"Sarfaroshi Ki Tamanna Ab Hamare Dil Main Hai

Dekhna hai zor kitna bazoo-e-qatil mein hai"
"Sare Jahan Se Achha Hindustan Hamara
Ham Bulbulein hain iski Yeh Gulsitan Hamara"
"Mazhab Nahin Sikhata Aapas Mein Bair Rakhna
Hindi Hein Ham Watan Hai Hindustan Hamara"

The language in which our national song is written and by reciting it the proud Indian soldier sacrifice his life can not be attributed to a particular community. It is open injustice to this language. In my opinion it will also be injustice to patriotism and Indianness assimilated in this language. Let us do justice to this purely Indian language .Justice can not be done to this language till it is used for official business and Urdu knowing people get adequate employment opportunity.

In India, crores of people speak, read and write Urdu. There are more than 3,00,000 Urdu medium schools/institutions running in the country in which millions of students are studying. All these things demand justice to Urdu and Urdu speaking people. The government may do justice to this oppressed language only by way of implementing the recommendations of Gujral Committee and Ali Sardar Jafri Committee in respect of promotion of Urdu language. There are other aspects too which are exclusively related to Muslims. It will not be out of place to discuss them here.

  • Urdu is the custodian of Muslim culture, traditions and moral values as also the torch bearer of India's composite culture.
  • A considerable part of Islamic literature is available in Urdu.
  • Today Urdu has become the language of Muslims because of ill drafted language policy.
  • Not less than 20 crores Indian Muslims speak, read and understand Urdu. Hence, their basic medium of expression from literature to journalism is Urdu.
  • Medium of instruction in religious institutions and majority of other Muslim Institutions is Urdu.
  • Lakhs of Urdu books are decorating the shelves of various book shops and libraries. Steps are taken to utilize them properly so that Urdu loving people of coming generation may be benefited. For this its promotion both at government and non government is necessary. These are some of such basic facts, which must be understood to do justice to Urdu.
  • States like Delhi, U.P. Bihar, and Andhra Pradesh etc. have made Urdu as their second official language. This decision is implemented in true letter and spirit. Urdu translators be appointed to translate all the official proceedings into Urdu for ensuring the use of Urdu in all government offices, banks etc. Urdu knowing staff be appointed there. Some other steps are also necessary. Urdu knowing people should themselves do justice to Urdu by sending their children to Urdu medium schools so that other classes of society are also attracted and get inspired. Let the elite class come forward and this exercise should not be confined to the poor and the weaker sections of the society. Mere complaint to the government will not suffice. The whole community must play a positive and constructive role. It is common knowledge that charity begins from home.

At last I also consider it necessary to state that government officials, all political parties and organizations should make efforts for the development and promotion of Urdu language whole heartedly. The issue of language should not be communalized and termed as pro-Muslim attitude or policy of appeasement.

Besides, Muslim leaders should also treat it as a national problem and not as a Muslim problem which may create misunderstanding and hamper its development.

 

SAPARATE MUSLIM CENSUS

Today if the government datas' are compared with private datas' we will find a basic and wide gap, the responsibility of which basically lies on the government and then on Indian Muslims. It is a very sensitive issue with which the questions of participation and proportion in various national institutions are directly related. Muslim population in India is not only the biggest minority but it is also the second largest majority. However, its participation and representation in national institutions is almost negligible. Such a big population and so much ineffective. Hats off to all governments. It is not only a community problem but also a national issue.

Importance Of Proper Census

  • Proper planning and availability of resources is not possible without proper census figures of a society.
  • Proper participation in the democratic process is not possible
  • Proportionate representation is not possible in the process of development and prosperity.
  • Proportionate representation in education, services, executive, judiciary and legislatures is also not possible.

Proper Census: Community Responsibility and Expectations

  • Our so called leaders have not been instrumental in discharging their responsibilities and duties with respect to this basic problem of census.
  • All Muslim institutions, big or small, must apprise the common and elite class of the importance of genuine national census and persuade them to participate in this exercise.
  • Literate Muslim elders or youth must discharge their responsibilities in villages.
  • Muslims, associated with Panchayats, must play their role positively.
  • Persons interested in politics and local workers, particularly in rural areas must ensure participation of Muslims in census operations.
  • Teachers in religious institutions and Imams of Mosques must also play a positive role to promote public opinion. The teachers and young students should participate in the programme positively.
  • Muslims, associated with journalism, in order to bring awareness at all levels of the society must publish articles on this topic and this programme must get due publicity through advertisements in newspapers and magazines.
  • Big religious, social and political Muslim organizations and personalities must also actively participate in the census operations by putting their resources to full use.
  • Muslim migrants residing in Jhuggis or staying on footpath in big cities must also participate in census operation. Proper strategy should be evolved for the purpose.
  • Muslims organizations and social workers can also volunteer to play a positive role in this direction and help in achieving the targets of such census.
  • Common Muslims have different unhealthy misconceptions about census. As such it will be a special responsibility of literate class to guide them properly. Undoubtedly, the Imams of mosques may play a very important role in it.

 

Proportionate Representation
On
Secular Basis

It is also a very important community and national issue which require immediate attention of all national and state political parties and their leaders in addition to minority leaders and organizations and parties. It is necessary for the following reasons:

Judiciary is directly concerned with the rendering of justice, implementing of laws and maintaining supremacy of the constitution.

Executive runs the administration of the country. It is directly concerned with availability of all facilities for development and welfare activities.

Legislatures have to ensure overall development of the country in such a manner that each and every section of the society derives its benefits. These institutions cannot make proper deliberations till proper representation of all sections is not ensured.

This is the reason that sense of non participation and non representation has become a major problem of Indian Muslims and other minorities. The present situation is so sad that the youth is developing a feeling of unrest and a feeling of deprivation is also emerging. Such feelings are neither good nor healthy trends for Indian polity. It is therefore, suggested that reservation in the present scenario has become inevitable. The formula given below can be the just and most equitable basis to provide political, social and economic justice to all the citizens of India as the same is enshrined in the preamble of Indian constitution.

Present Situation

Scheduled castes, scheduled tribes and backward classes are getting substantial benefits on the premise of principle of proper representation but 17 percent Muslims (single largest minority) who are educationally and economically more backward are having empty bowls in their hands. Recent efforts of the government ,that is, setting up of Sachhar committee and the setting up of a National Commission for Religious and Linguistic minorities are appreciable but they should be given ample time to do a serious exercise otherwise hurriedly delivered goods may not be so good a food to eat . Today there is a proposal to reserve 33 percent seats in the legislatures for women but reservation for Muslims appears to be a distant dream. The rights of Muslim women are always discussed in the context of Muslim Personal Law but when the question of their proportionate representation in legislatures comes a communal approach is adopted and no one speaks of their reservation in proportion of their population amongst women of India, which may be roughly 17%. Considering their population to be 17 percent, they should be given proportionate representation in legislatures, executive, judiciary, education and employment in order to prove the legitimacy of constitutional claims of democracy, secularism, social justice and equality. Same procedure should be adopted at state level so that the targets of sharing participation and representation may be achieved both at central and state level. The Muslim Agenda which is given in this book covers the specifics in this regard.

Such quota will create a self confidence amongst Muslims. They shall be able to get better education and develop healthy and better thinking. A determination to meet the requirements of modern time and adopting the thinking accordingly would be developed. It would also help in keeping them away from orthodox and outdated approach. The share in the overall development of the country would be proper and proportionate. Educational development is possible only with the acceleration of the pace of educational advancement of Muslims. Welfare of Muslims is the welfare of the whole Indian community of which they are an integral part. It is the duty of the whole nation to see that no segment of the society remains backward. In view of this peculiar situation reservation must be provided in the educational institutions to Muslim children. It will bring a considerable chunk of Indian population out of the web of illiteracy and ignorance. And reservation of jobs for them will further supplement this
process.

MUSLIM JURISTS

A Community Perspective

India is known in the entire world for its unique social and political structure and identity. It is the biggest democracy of the world, which by successfully completing more than five decades of its journey has presented an example for other countries especially for Asian countries to be followed. The foundation of democratic institutions is strong and all schools of thought and political institutions have full opportunities of participation in governance and enjoy freedom to achieve their goals within the framework of the constitution. All world religions, political and social thoughts, languages, cultures and civilizations have opportunity to grow in this country. In spite of having so many contradictions, there is no danger to its security, integrity, existence and sovereignty. It is the beauty of Indian society that, as stated above, it is like an orchard which allows different kinds of flowers to blossom and plants to come up. However, such elements are also there in our society like any other society who wants to impose their thoughts upon others. Evidence can be found from world history that even in the case of bigger civilizations, wherever and whenever efforts were made to impose a particular thought upon people, the integrity and existence of the country got endangered. Communist countries are its living example. Religious and cultural freedom is the birth right of every human being and its protection ensures integrity, unity, security and existence of a country.

In this context, the constitution and its provisions are of great significance. We also have a constitution like any other country which guarantees equal rights to all sections of the society. Besides freedom of religion, freedom of expression and speech has also been guaranteed. Contradictory thoughts can also develop freely within constitutional restrictions. In other words, people can have divergent views on religion as also on other issues. Opportunities have also been provided to all languages and cultures to develop and flourish. Freedom to establish institutions has also been provided. Educational system and curriculum are based on secular values. In other words, constitution of India considers the formation of such society as its target in which every person, group, organization, party, institution, thought, theory and thinking has the opportunity and freedom to work and develop itself on the basis of equality and mutual existence. State will remain impartial in such matters but it is always subject to reasonable restrictions. By virtue of such provisions, followers of Islam, Hinduism, Jainism. Buddhism, Christianity, Sikhism and all other religions are preaching and practicing their respective religions. None has precedence over the other.

India is a secular state which means that the state shall not adopt any particular religion as its official religion; rather in matters of religions the principle of impartiality and neutrality shall be applied. Now the whole world acknowledges that different religions, cultures, civilizations, moral values and traditions can emerge in the form of a healthy society only if total influence of secularism is reflected in all spheres of life. A civilized society always accepts the supremacy of law and its due implementation as its philosophy and acts upon accordingly. There may be difference of opinion, disputes may arise, various sections may be in a face to face situation and it may look as if confrontation is the only way out and there is no scope for reconciliation but in spite of all such constraints many disputes have been solved through reconciliatory and peaceful methods. Such a situation is always considered as a healthy situation and a positive trend. But when practiced, it is felt that the religious faith, traditions, ceremonies and values of majority have precedence over such institutions of the minority community or communities and Muslims, in particular, are the victims of narrow mindedness, communalism and exploitation at each level. Rights are guaranteed but are not being granted in full. The reason is obvious—numerical strength of the majority community which always prevails. I am convinced with this natural phenomenon but at the same time minority should not be completely subdued. Such sort of attitude towards minorities is neither a constitutional requirement nor a part of social and political wisdom.

Not only this, rights of the minorities are obtained indirectly. In other words they are dependent on positive and objective behavior of the majority community.

Though Indian Muslims are numerically a minority but it is not correct to treat a big population of 20 crores as minority. It is not only a constitutional obligation but also a moral duty to take care of the requirements of such a great population in a dignified manner. There are number of laws but there is question mark on their implementation. In this regard, experts in law should play their positive and decisive role. It requires concerted efforts on the part of law teachers, advocates and above all the three organs-legislatures, executive and judiciary. Former judges, human rights activists and practicing advocates in different quotes of the country can play a pivotal role in ensuring, granting and implementing of constitutional rights of the minorities. Muslims belonging to these categories must also remain vigilant and play their role.

Today Indian Muslims are facing new challenges and they are a bit restless. They require services of Muslim jurists to get rid of it. I have no doubt that in milli spirit a comprehensive initiative is yet to be taken.

"Though different forums of advocates are working at different levels but the situation warrants a cohesive effort and a demand for nodal forum comprised of former chief justices, judges, university law teachers, eminent jurists, brilliant or senior advocates, law officers , legislative draftsmen etc. may be formed who, in turn, may find and suggest ways to concerned agencies and institutions regarding faithful application of constitutional provisions and provisions of other laws concerning minorities and drafting of new laws".

Such legal experts may sit together to find solution of the relevant issues. For example, the matter of uniform civil code may be referred to them. Certain mischievous elements in Hindu community are out and out to derecognize our identity which is a practical impossibility in this civilized world. Their only mission is to demoralize Muslims and hurt their religious feelings and deprive them of their religious rights. They want to undo what is ordained in Quran .They also want to create a gap between Muslim males and females by raising bogus issues regarding maintenance and divorce etc. though such issues were settled long ago. If there is frequent intervention in our family laws and family system our religiously and scientifically developed laws and family system will die an unnatural death. Hindu fundamentalists want to create confusion and they are interested only in wiping out of this religiously faithful class so that they may have neutral society of their choice though they are always against such reforms in their own personal laws. It was not long ago when Hindu code bill was opposed by these elements with tooth and nail. How could it be checked?

The incident of Babri Masjid indicates the future plans of these Hindu fundamentalists and it has aggravated the situation further. They pretend that rule of law, laws and the constitution may have some meaning to Muslims but they are immune and can do whatever they like including taking law in their own hands and even openly defying orders of the Supreme Court and throwing all norms of morality to winds, as also mentioned in the earlier chapter.

Karsewaks shattered the supremacy of judiciary, executive and legislature by demolishing Babri Masjid. Such things should not happen in future. During Anti Muslim riots lakhs of innocent people died and the properties worth hundreds of crores of rupees were destroyed but till date reports of the enquiry commissions are away from the public eye. The accused have been identified but they are yet to be punished. Besides, no proper compensation has been given to Muslims. Cases of the victims of Gujarat riots are being pursued by Non Muslims who should be commended and praised by all of us though it was our responsibility. The victims of Hindu Sikhs riots were paid compensation to the tune of lakhs of rupees but the Muslim victims of Malyana, Hashimpura, and Meerut etc. are in the queue and some of them might have died. Where does the majority want to push us? It will be decided by them only. We have to play an important and positive role to ensure that the victims of riots get proper compensation for their losses and financial assistance for their economic upliftment. The purpose will not be served by just repealing TADA and POTA. The need of the hour is to ensure that such draconian laws never find a place in our legislation. Efforts have been on to create a gulf between Indian Muslims and Majority Community by including non secular books in educational curriculum.

In a number of other matters like Wakf Act, Haj Affairs, Educational Institutions, legal hurdles in providing reservation for Muslims, depriving Muslims of their right of better representation by declaring Muslim dominated parliamentary or assembly constituency as reserved one etc., discriminatory decisions have become order of the day. Let it be the food of love for legal experts. Besides, we should also be vigilant of Anti Islamic and Anti Muslim elements and their conspiracies that frequently approach courts in matters relating to Holy Quran and Prophet Mohammad in the name of freedom of expression. Besides, in a number of so many other matters you are the hope for the community. Today, I feel that conspiracies are being hatched against Indian Muslims at institution level, the effects of which will gradually be seen in our society. Now there is strong apprehension of the loss of identity and recognition of Muslim community.

In this situation the need of the hour is that we should rise to the occasion. To realise the aforsaid objectives, an action plan is proposed later.

EDUCATIONAL PROBLEMS

Internal view of the oldest Muslim Educational Institution in
northern Indian (Anglo Arabic School, Delhi)

Education should be a prime area of importance and concern for any community. We, as a community need to understand that development and literacy are the two sides of the same coin. Till the demolition of Babri Masjid we were a community which can be carried away by passionate politics but thereafter, the Muslim mindset had changed drastically and all its attention got shifted towards education, employment, economic upliftment and social security.

Present Status:

  • Among Muslims ratio of literacy is much lower than the national ratio of literacy.
  • Muslim children have not been able to achieve the constitutional target of free education up to middle level provided by the government throughout the country.
  • Both religious and modern education are essential but the attainments of Muslims have been poor in both spheres.
  • There are large number of Muslim Institutions but most of them are not up to the mark. We are yet to build a good primary school.
  • The community has hardly any educational institute of national repute.
  • Dearth of well equipped professional educational institutes.
  • We do praise Late Sir Syed Ahmed Khan but do not follow his ideals and teachings.
  • AMU is considered as the nerve centre of Muslim intellect and wisdom and it is like a crumbling old palace which may take few more years to raze to ground. The innovation, creativity, freshness, general tendency to adapt change and reform outlook, work culture and overall attitude to growth and development are the areas requiring immediate attention of its teaching faculty, administrative staff and the student body.
  • Hakim Abdul Hameed established a full fledged university through his individual efforts and that too in Delhi. We do not believe in resurrection but can we hope that the society will give birth to many such Hakims.
  • Aligarh Muslim University, Jamia Millia Islamia and Jamia Hamdard are three Muslim centers for higher education but ground reality is contrary to it.
  • Why do Muslim intellectuals not take initiative to establish educational institutions and avail of government facilities.
  • Muslim politicians have not been able to present any viable and proper scheme of educational upliftment before the government.

"In South India and Maharashtra what Muslims have achieved in the education sector, Muslims in the northern belt are required to follow. For Example in

Kerala besides hundreds of Secondary and Senior Secondary schools they have three dozen Engineering colleges, two dozen Nursing & Teachers Training colleges, one Medical college and 100 other high education centers, Tamil Nadu has 27 Muslim Degree colleges, 12 Engineering colleges, 13 Polytechnic, 12 ITI and 125 Secondary & Senior Secondary schools, In Andhra Pradesh Muslims have 1000 Secondary & Senior secondary schools, 35 Engineering colleges, two Medical colleges, 12 Nursing colleges, 12 Pharmacy colleges, three Hotel Management Institute and 30 Arts & Science colleges, In Karnataka 3 Medical colleges, 6 Dental colleges, 30 Art & Science colleges, 15 MBA institutes, 10 MCA institutes, 50 Bachelor Education Institutes, 12 Nursing colleges and 20 Pharmacy colleges and in Maharashtra there are 1 Medical college, 12 Engineering colleges, 5 Hotel Management Institutes and 15 Arts & science colleges".

GENERAL UTILITY OF EDUCATION

  • Education is essential for the development of personality, set healthy trends and develop rational thinking and attitude.
  • No society can develop or prosper in this scientific age or for that matter in any age without proper education and quality learning.
  • The status and dignity of a class or group of the society is directly related to its educational and academic status.
  • Eradication of poverty, removal of ignorance and backwardness, overall development and social and economic upliftment is not possible without proper education.
  • The tendency of attributing education to employment is not a healthy approach. However, importance of education for employment can not be ruled out.

Need for Reform in the Society

  • In order to give practical shape to rational, logical and scientific philosophy of Allama Iqbal, mere tongue appreciation is not sufficient. In order to determine the right path for its accomplishment proper education is essential failing which we will not be able to reach the world beyond stars which is a geographical reality and undertake necessary mission to achieve what this great philosopher had anticipated at a time when modern education was something strange to the Muslim community worldwide To quote:

Sitaron se Aage Jahan Aur Bhi Hein
Abhi Ishq Ke Imtehan Aur Bhi Hein

  • In order to have proper understanding of the present day world, its trends, challenges, and problems and to undertake research in such matters, receiving of education is necessary.
  • It is only the educated society that can derive maximum benefits in a democracy; an unorganized crowd can create nuisance only.
  • Confusion in Muslim politics and constant exploitation of Indian Muslims is not only attributed to their illiteracy but it is the real ground situation.
  • A community with psychological restlessness and mental confusion falls prey to political tricks and allows the conspiracies to be easily hatched against it because it can not understand the intricacies of politics for want of education

ACTION PlAN

In order to solve these basic problems, Muslim intellectuals, Politicians, Islamic Institutes and centers for learning have to play their respective roles. They should take it in missionary spirit and establish academic, professional and non-professional institutions. They should also establish a network of educational institutions throughout the country. They have to pave the way for establishing educational institutions on Wakf land after getting the same vacated from unauthorized occupants. It should be done like a crusade in order to bring Muslims at par with other communities so that they are not remained confined to mosques and religious institutions. They should ensure their complete participation in such activities so that Muslims may be abreast with modern education and it should be treated as a pious act and Sadqa-e-Jariya (a perculating and recurring act of common good or community welfare). In this regard the services of Imams and Muslim scholars may also be availed of so that the outlook of a common Muslim gets changed positively.

Some Basic Suggestions

  • Muslim intellectuals must play their role in order to decrease the ratio of illiteracy in Muslim Community. For this a committee may be constituted at local level comprising of a religious scholar, one Imam of mosque, one head master/ principal, few teachers, some respectable persons of locality and few well off persons besides some important social workers so that this work may be done in a systematic manner.
  • Educated class must establish societies and trusts and take initiative to establish Primary education institutions.
  • Local Muslim politicians must play their positive role to get government aid made available to Muslim institutions.
  • Religious scholars, Imams of mosques, teachers in religious institutions and the Khateeb must impress upon common Muslims in their addresses the importance and utility of modern education so that Muslim community may consider the receiving of modern education necessary along with religious education.
  • They must impress upon the people that there is no conflict between religion and modern education by quoting from Quran and relevant sayings of Prophet to substantiate their claim. Such matters may be taken up in local meetings and sittings organized by right thinking persons.
  • All the responsible persons of community, irrespective of the walk of life they belong to, must play their role in eradicating illiteracy and poverty and call upon Muslims to give up their orthodox views about modern education, Trusts are set up and wakfs created for the realisation of this noble goal.
  • Indian Muslims must ask their political leaders to champion their cause of education and literacy.
  • It is the responsibility of the Parents of children who are studying in Muslim institutions that they should form Parent Teacher Associations to put pressure on principal, teachers and management to improve the declining standard of education. In the absence of it these institutions are just going to……
  • Good Primary and nursery schools must be established to prepare children for better prospective higher education. Special attention is paid to this level of education to have better standard of education at higher level. We have ignored this sector of education though it requires more attention.
  • Parents must make it a point to educate their children at least up to secondary or Sr. Secondary level so that target of minimum functional literacy is achieved.
  • Higher education must be available only to the deserving ones and be imparted to only those who can deliver goods.
  • Local prosperous people must provide financial assistance to deserving students who are otherwise competent enough to pursue further studies.
  • The Indian Muslims must ensure the establishment of high level minority education commission at the central and state level which may render guidance and assistance in maintaining necessary standard and academic excellence.
  • In our country, innumerable books have been written on Islam, Islamic History, Muslim culture and heritage, morality and Muslim traditions and customs but these are decorating the libraries only. In order to maintain our heritage and to be aware of the past and contemporary history and anticipate future requirements we have to be educated and we will have to go through relevant literature.
  • There should be no political interference in our institutions. They must get an opportunity to develop and flourish as independent entities. Muslim students and their parents must play a positive role and keep such elements at bay.
  • Aligarh Muslim University, Jamia Millia Islamia and Jamia Hamdard are part of our milli heritage. They are our lifeline and they should be kept away from jaundiced eyes. The best tribute to Sir Syed and Hakim Abdul Hameed would be that we should play only positive role in the development of these institutions. We should not create any obstacle in their smooth functioning. The teaching and non teaching staff must display broad mindedness, observe duty consciousness and develop feeling of community welfare but, to our great disappointment, they are lacking in all these fields.
  • Adult education is also equally important. In this regard voluntary efforts are made and all concerned be informed of different government schemes beneficial to them. Such programmes or classes may be arranged after either Fajr or Esha prayers.

Muslim society must give up its pessimistic and reluctant attitude towards education. In order to keep the Muslims away from education after independence a conspiracy was hatched to keep them away from modern education and keep them involved in sentimental issues and passionate politics. Consequently our countrymen moved ahead and we continued to lag behind in all walks of life. Indian Muslims must realize the importance of education. Muslim leaders instead of arousing our passions for achieving their petty political ends should pay attention to solve our basic problems of education and employment. Only then we will be able to meet present and future challenges.

 

TEACHERS AND
COMMUNITY WELFARE

Receiving education besides being, religious is also a fundamental social and national duty/responsibility. Every body acknowledges it and there can not be two opinions about it. Government and semi government institutions, voluntary organizations and other establishments contribute and play their respective roles in this primary sector. It is a constitutional requirement that each citizen of the country must receive formal education. A network of institutions must be spread at national, state, district, town and village level for promotion of literacy and education.

Not only has this but the teacher who is recognized as builder of future generation had also a vital role to play. A teacher is a person who teaches, makes things understandable, makes his students read and write and conveys what others can not convey so effectively and convincingly, imparts formal and informal knowledge and presents himself as a model individual and citizen enjoys a very dignified position in the society and in case he or she discharges his or her duty honestly without any malice, fear or favour, he or she assumes the role of a crusader, a crusade acceptable to all.

Let us go ahead further with these questions i.e. who is a teacher? What is his role? What is his importance? What is the status and place of a teacher? One may get answers to most of these questions in the foregoing Para. To add we may say that he nourishes personalities of his students, he is a language expert, his accent, tone, tenor, dress, moral character, personality, behavior, attitude, style, outlook, social identity, extrovert qualities have a lasting impact on personality development of students. It is the character of a teacher that determines the character of students who, in turn, change the character of the society, community and the nation and then different nations give shape to the international character of this world which we call a global village. It is the teacher who provides best intellectuals, experts, statesmen, administrators and such other persons in all spheres of life and as such this class must be respected and taken in very high esteem.

In Islam, religion and society are not separable but are integral to each other. Today, the position of our society is that people contribute financially for the construction and development of religious institutions and mosques but are reluctant towards modern education. In the circumstances it is also expected that religious leadership at all levels should encourage the people to contribute financially for establishing modern and science education institutions like religious institutions and mosques. By doing so they will be discharging their obligations towards community and will also be able to give a strong reply to the misleading propaganda against Islam that it is a religion which is incompatible with modern age.

As far as other educational institutions are concerned, there is a network of community educational institutions all over the country along with government institutions at the level of primary, middle, Secondary and senior secondary.

The teachers who find an opportunity to teach in Muslim Educational Institutions are fortunate in the sense that Allah appointed them to serve Ummah and play a constructive role of imparting education to the coming generations. If they discuss sad tale of the community in the staff room every day and do not perform the assigned duties, it is the torture of academic justice and may rightly be termed as academic genocide. Such persons will not command respect in this world and they will be among losers on the Day of Judgment too.

Declining image of teachers, suspicious eyes of society towards them, loosening confidence of the students are ample evidence to believe their ineffective performance These educational institutions are invaluable assets of our community. No body will come to protect them. We are the guardians and protectors of these institutions. Let the teachers ponder over it and gird their loins to uphold their dignity. Let the students and parents react positively. If the guardian is weak, their wards will be weaker. Thus, the role of teachers is very crucial and decisive.

As stated above, in the field of higher education there are only three principal institutions i.e. Aligarh Muslim University, Jamia Millia Islamia and Jamia Hamdard to cater to the needs of 20 crores Muslim population. Just guess how important are they? Aligarh Muslim University was established during British rule. Jamia Millia Islamia was also established during British rule but it was the off shoot of nationalist movement. However, our nationalists and post-partition secular governments took several decades in converting it into a full fledged university. Jamia Hamdard is a unique example of personal effort, hard labour, devotion and sacrifice of another Sir Syed Janab Hakim Abdul Hameed Sahib. It was an uphill task but it was done without any hassles. Sir Syed had to run from pillar to post, from east to west and from north to south for raising funds when people in Delhi, his home town, had shown him the fist but another man from the same soil and this great historical city rewrote the history by establishing a university without any pomp and show. I see in Hakim Sahib a greater Sir Syed. These three institutions may be considered as academic brain of Indian Muslims. The students going out of these institutions after completing their studies are the assets of millat and a part of the national wealth who guide the millat and render service in different spheres of life. These three institutions and their teachers may work as think tank for Indian Muslims as also for those formulating policies.

R.S.S. has a think tank comprising of scholarly persons for rendering guidance on important issues. Why can't we have a think tank comprising of few hundred experts from different departments of these three institutions. Mere seminars or get-togethers will not do. Hence, it is my petty suggestion that the teachers should prepare themselves for rationalizing basic thinking of the students enabling them to meet future challenges.

It is a matter of great concern that proper academic atmosphere is missing in these institutions, though it may still be better than many other universities, and the teachers are not fulfilling the expectations of Muslim society and rendering desired service.

The restlessness among educated Muslim youth occasionally results in aggressive approach. Declining respect for teachers and non-maintenance of proper standard of education are indicative of a dark future. The need of the hour is to acknowledge these deficiencies, do self-retrospection and take remedial steps. It is not unfair to have such expectations from Milli Institutions. We must make efforts to run present institutions through comprehensive management on one hand and initiate the steps, by having recourse to concerned governments and non governmental organizations, to establish new institutions on the other hand so that the education may reach all classes of society. It is also worth mentioning that in order to increase the participation in religious and modern educational institutions some administrative system or mechanism may be evolved and set up to have better results.

Economic Problems

An old man making shoes

The present age is the age of globalization, liberalization, privatization and open market economy. Liberal import-export policy, easy licensing procedure and gradual elimination of licensing system, easy loan from Banks and Financial Institutions, booming share market are such fundamental reforms and changes which have inspired business community to be more active and competitive and each class of the society is trying its best to get maximum benefits from these reforms and changes. But only a properly educated person and society can better understand the basics of these reforms and changes. Others are left with no option except repentance. At the same time, there are certain other problems that require proper attention and discussion:

Problems and Remedies

  • Muslims, inspite of being the most technically oriented lot of Indian society still fail to turn into big businessman.
  • They are fully skilled and command expertise in their respective trades but continue to work as small traders due to partisan face of business atmospherics.
  • Muslims are best workers, artisans, die makers, weavers, carpenters, handloom workers and mechanics but their desire to come up to the levels of excellence remains uncherished.
  • Muslims' role in the industrial sector of the country must be substantial but as of now it is negligible.
  • It is almost impossible to find any Muslim name in the list of big industrialists and major business players in the country. Only one Azeem Premji in a population of 20 crores is not a matter of pride rather it is an example for retrospection.
  • The ratio of Muslim shop keepers in organized markets and established trade centers is almost negligible or symbolic.
  • Benefit of the schemes and concessions meant for minorities hardly reaches the community.
  • The share of Muslim businessmen in the loans granted by nationalized Banks and other financial institutions is probably not even one percent whereas their population is 17%.
  • If the Muslims, the second largest majority of India, remain backward, poor and deprived, will India ever find a place amongst developed countries? Certainly not.
  • To bring Muslims at par with other prosperous segments of the Indian society effective efforts at government and non government levels are required.
  • Muslim businessmen are not receiving necessary political backing even from the Muslim bureaucrats, politicians, legislators and parliamentarians.
  • No serious efforts have ever been made or any concrete scheme framed or any plan chalked out or strategy evolved or initiative taken at the government level for the economic upliftment of the Muslim Community.
  • Indian Muslims do not put a demand to their representatives in parliament and State Assemblies for the development and prosperity of their constituencies so that a base is made available to them for their development.
  • Muslim businessmen fail or are reluctant to avail of the services of professionals to meet present day challenges. Their traditional approach, typical mindset and stereotyped style of thinking and working are major impediments in their progress.
  • Muslim artisans and businessman should evolve some strategy for getting their share and participation in the industrial process; particularly in the export market. They should gain courage for taking initiative in this direction. The dynamics of the present age demands you to be dynamic, vibrant, forthcoming and progressive. This can not be achieved without quality professional education.
  • Steps taken or reforms initiated only at government level would not be enough to ensure the process of community development. Our political masters also lack the necessary dynamism and initiative to pursue the community's case with those at the helm of affairs and get for it special concessions and privileges. They should be able to get the government schemes implemented in a planned manner and get their interests protected.
  • Need to be self sufficient and self- dependent to the possible extent. Habit of always running for concessions and protections will not do much.
  • Need to get rid of inferiority complex. They must develop self confidence and be bold enough to deal with higher government authorities and force them to be judicious and impartial.
  • Use of democratic and constitutional methods to protest against social and communal injustice as and when you face so.


Perfume shop giving a view of traditional shopping.

A Suggestion

Indian Muslims can take assistance to push forward their educational and economic proposals from central Wakf Council, Moulana Azad Educational Foundation, National and State Minority Financial Corporations and a host of such other institutions. At the local level, it is the responsibility of educated class that they should make maximum information available to them and be a part of such initiatives so that new educational institutions are established or provided with modern facilities. Education must find the highest priority in our future scheme of things. Without quality education we can not meet the threats and challenges of the too competitive business world and
environment.

Acknowledgement

"Here we should acknowledge the efforts made by all those personalities, organizations, social workers and politicians who are doing good and constructive work in the field of education within the community in particular and the larger Indian community in general".

Political Problems


Parliament House, Symbol of Great Indian Democracy

The Political temperament of a community plays an important role in its development and prosperity because it is this temperament that determines its goals and priorities and also provides base for its educational, economic, cultural, moral and progressive development. However, to bring rationality and cohesiveness in the temperament, proper leadership, necessary organizational back up, vibrant party system and above all consensus on all major issues and stands is the pre-requisite and pre-condition for it. It is the community and national spirit and its obsession that together gives birth to a movement and direction to the society.

A serious exercise for community building not only inspires a particular community but it provides an opportunity to other communities to emulate or evolve proper strategies for their development too. Such a movement also helps in nation building, a target that is always dear to all likeminded people and patriotic forces.

India is a country with huge political, social and economic dimensions, vast territorial boundaries, strategic geographical surroundings, multi-religious, multi-lingual and multi-cultural ethos and with so much of diversity but still the people have been amazingly living in perfect harmony for centuries together. All sections of the society have same constitutional rights to avail all opportunities and prosper irrespective of caste and creed, faith, values, customs and traditions, languages, cultures and heritage, life style and food habits, they belong to or come from.

This affinity has been continuing since long and it continued till the arrival of the British in India. It would be difficult to find even a single example of communal riots during about eight hundred years Muslim rule. On the contrary, a number of examples can be given regarding religious harmony, mutual understanding, mutual respect and regard for each other which have been noticed, appreciated and above all acknowledged by many Indian and western historians and even social circles. In this way majority community had a chance for fair play and participation in various sectors, such as, business, industry, trade, financial system, education and executive and also enjoyed equal religious freedom and the sanctity of their religious places was completely preserved. They were an indispensable part of Mughal army. Thus, they had full participation in all spheres of life. There is no scope for raising a finger. Few incidents of atrocities or excesses during war are mere exceptions and were not the order of the day. Fanatics and communal elements knowingly overlook ground realities and depict a wrong picture. Probably this is the reason that the first war of independence was led by none other than the last Mughal Emperor Shaheed Bahadur Shah Zafar(May God be kind to him and he is awarded a place in heaven) is perhaps the most perfect example of Hindu-Muslim unity. But this was the time when the country had almost gone into the complete control of the British and they had started to create a wall of hatred between Hindus and Muslims. For giving air to separatist tendencies, the then rulers continued to play that card till partition, the goal which they achieved because of Hindu-Muslim divide. Centuries old brotherhood and affinity came under serious threat and finally it resulted in the partition of the country. Undoubtedly, it was the dawn of a new era for all communities constituting Indian nation but communal holocaust overcasted the whole sky and the spirit of independence dampened at least for the time being. The new sun was yet to rise and the full moon situation appeared to be a distant reality and rightly so because rays of light have not reached many homes till today and many of them have not seen light of the day for want of clear atmosphere.

Same is the position of the atmosphere of our national politics. Even today it is not free from different kinds of misunderstandings, wrong notions, and misleading tendencies. As regards huge Muslim population, which of course is an integral part of the Indian society but its importance is realized only on the eve of elections when there is time to use them as vote bank by all political parties to serve their vested political interests and constituencies. This happens because of our immature political outlook, lack of farsightedness, underestimation of the political status, its decisive impact on the outcome. Other reasons are absence of competent Muslim leadership, vibrant social structure, cadre based organizational network and also the evils of adhocism, which we adopt as an approach to always guide our actions, reactions and responses.

"We are like a crowd which after hearing the noise starts rushing from one end to another without realizing the consequences and the background of the trap. We tend to forget that some one may be behind the curtain playing all kinds of dirty tricks and traits of politics to malign us as a community, follower of a particular religious faith, an independent socio-cultural entity with a glorious past and a brighter future or might be serving the hidden agenda of our opponents. As a result we are easily trapped by the malicious designs of such vested interests. Instead of giving them the befitting reply we are found serving their evil commitments and contributing to get them the yield of their own choice".

"We need to emerge as a dynamic and matured society and not as an unruly crowd devoid of any political, social, economic, educational and development sense and conscience. This is necessary to attain an independent and autonomous status, a status which empowers us to become the master of our own fate. 200 million heads and four hundred million hands, feet and muscles each and so ineffective. What a shame?

Remember our consolidation may make us the practical rulers of this country, Awake, Awake and Awake".

The Problems

  • Absence of an organizational network and leadership at village, town, district, regional and national level.
  • Community is fed up with present leadership, organizations and parties who are adopting politics as a profession cum trade with a view to derive personal and commercial benefits.
  • Every new leader claims to be the leader of the community but his real intention is to raise his own height and stature.
  • Lack of proper consultative machinery to deal with and decide on community problems.
  • No individual organization, political party or leader or even all of them together command confidence and trust of the community and particularly of its youth.
  • Indian Muslims are thus, deprived of the recurring benefits of central leadership, positive organizational network and solid party structure.
  • The community and its leadership appears to be a puppet in the hands of major political parties and prominent politicians or those who do liaison for them, be they professional political touts, Industrialists or big traders.
  • Personal rivalries, ego and conflict in opinions among Muslim organizations, parties and leaders are the big hindrance in the unity of the community. Unified action still remains a distant dream.
  • Huge Muslim vote bank at the state and national level both is unable to extract rich political, social and economic dividends to the community for want of leadership and matured decisions in general and state elections.
  • Inequitable and improper representation of Muslims in Political institutions-a fall out of passion based politics whereas the community's requirement is the evolution of demand based political strategy.
  • Absence of political, social and economic pressure group in society at all levels-a necessity to influence political initiatives and decisions.

All these problems are required to be analysed rationally in oder to devise proper strategy for planing and its subsequent execution.

 

WANT OF ORGANIZATION,
PARTY AND LEADERSHIP AT
district- REGIONAL
AND NATIONAL LEVEL

Points to remember

  • Muslims, being the second largest majority and capable of playing an important and decisive role in national/state/district politics, economic development, general prosperity, education and scientific research how come they have become an ineffective community or group? They do not realize their strength and position. They have no sense of collective wisdom and responsibility and also lack in self confidence. They are not aware of the fact that they can turn the table rather tables. But there are big question marks against all these assertions.
  • The answers to all these questions and remedies are to be provided by Muslim intellectuals, research scholars and none else. They have yet to come forward to discharge their community responsibilities. Everybody is in a fix as to what should be done?

Let some one come forward to discharge this duty and start this process. It is high time to act and initiate.

Indian Muslims form a considerable part of Indian population spread over all parts of the country, be it a city, town or village but till this day they are yet to be realized as a vibrant political force. The situation warrants that we must look into our weaknesses and lapses and try to make them good by chalking out proper action plan. In order to achieve this target a movement aiming at unity within community and its consolidation, should be initiated from the grass root level, that is street, mohalla, village, town and district and in a natural course must reach the state and national level.

IMPORTANCE OF NATIONAL ORGANIZATION

  • To determine strong, comprehensive and consolidated approach and evolve an ideology which is consistent with national interest.
  • To achieve objectives and targets in a planned, systematic and sustained way.
  • To make available benefits of leadership to masses, as also to elite uninterruptedly.
  • To make a solid base available to take initiative for eradicating illiteracy, poverty and ignorance and create a situation in which no one may develop a feeling of deprivation.
  • To promote positive trends and approaches for overall development of the community.
  • To enhance participation of the community in all national deliberations and national reconstruction.
  • To make national institutions realize our strength and ascertain our weight.
  • To make ruling parties feel that we are the strongest pressure group and we can change regimes in case we are not given our due.

IMPORTANCE OF NATIONAL LEADERSHIP

  • National organization will result in the availability of national leadership.
  • In such circumstances, it will be easy to have consensus on political and national issues.
  • Proper and planned coordination and understanding with likeminded political parties which are closer by way of a constant process.
  • Scope for discussion and interactive engagement with all parties and groups. No one should be untouchable to us.
  • Matured understanding and decisionmaking during parliament and state assembly elections would result in better representation of Muslims and of their interests.
  • Abolition of negative polices, better bargaining and positive support to those safeguarding our interest.
  • Permanent friends but no permanent foes.
  • Goal of self- sufficiency and acquisition of self confidence and dignified status will be attainable.
  • Complete protection and safeguard of community interests.
  • The prestige of the community will be enhanced and uplifted.
  • It would dignify the status of those individual leaders who are on the right track and consequently they will be able to lead the community properly and so called leaders will automatically vanish from the scene.
  • Feelings of deprivation, confusion and directionless ness will see the outside route.

MUSLIM LEADERSHIP AT THE NATIONAL LEVEL

It is a matter of great concern that Muslim Community is the only community in India which has no reliable and proper personality or leader who is acceptable not only to Muslims but also to our state and national leadership, organizations, parties and the countrymen. In case Muslims are able to get proper leadership, they can derive all benefits, stated above.

THE COMMUNITY IS FED UP WITH
PRESENT LEADERSHIP

ACTION PLAN

The community which was entrusted the job of giving the lesson of truth, compassion, cleanliness, bravery and education to others is itself lagging behind in all these areas. The community which was known for its honesty, morality, hospitability, reliability, rationality, duty consciousness, etc., the examples of which are part of the human history, is now devoid of all these attributes and these qualities have become things of the past. The fact is that Indian Muslims are emerging in the form of such a society which may be misguided by any emotional slogan. They need to learn to be patient to act and decide wisely in all the given situations. We should try to come out of the vicious circle in which we now are. As a first step let us first of all put our house in order. Only then we will be able to face external challenges. Threats are given when you are capable of executing otherwise you make tamasha of yourself.

ARE OUR LEADERS REALLY WORRIED
ABOUT THE COMMUNITY?

It is really a pertinent question. In this context, it will not be proper to repent on the past history; the remedy is proper prospective planning and strategy. Let gone be bye gone.

There are persons who deliver speeches in the name of Islam, arouse communal passions, play with emotional feelings of Muslim youth and thus, push them into fire for being burnt and be condemned. Such persons are interested only in strengthening their position as Muslim leaders to earn dividends for themselves and their families. The community still awaits for the real Muslim leader to emerge. What a pity? 200 million strong community and without a leader!

 

As a result of this materialistic approach of our leaders, they have been able to amass wealth, derive all benefits and get all amenities of life but the life of common Muslim has remained static or has deteriorated. They should be accountable to the community. Now the situation warrants that we should do some serious exercise to have sincere leadership. There is no dearth of sincere, selfless and honest persons in the community; the problem is of picking them up. We can still get selfless, honest and dignified leadership for which the community has been striving since long. As a matter of fact, such persons are reluctant to come forward because of declining political and moral values. This effort is a step in the right direction. It is undoubtedly an uphill task and needs patience but nothing is impossible.

"We want a leadership that has its roots in India, have attained perfect understanding of community problems and possesses the necessary will and determination to resolve all outstanding issues within the framework of Indian constitution. This leadership needs to be moderate in approach, rational in thinking, firm in conviction and stands taken, dynamic to the core, mindful of its responsibilities and dutiful in performance. Its perceptions and perspectives are clear, its assets are in India, its finances are available for scrutiny and above all it is capable of acheiving compatability between the community interests and supreme national interests. It is capable to take us to desired heights and is instrumental in cultivating better majority- minority relationship. And Indian Muslims must remember that good relations with majority community shall facilitate the resolution of our outstanding problems. Course of enmity or confrontation with any group of people will never yield a positive result; it will always add feul to the fire".

 

LACK OF CONSULTATIVE MACHINERY

The importance of individual thinking cannot be ruled out but in order to get full benefits of the available and prospective opportunities, mutual consultation and deliberation is essential in order to arrive at correct and timely decisions. It is absolutely impossible for an individual to look into all pros and cons of every problem. It requires appropriate, comprehensive and more practicable approach. Islam gives due importance to mutual consultation to resolve the problems and disputes whether they are between individuals, groups, societies and countries.

The basic reason for this state of confusion is that we have no proper consultative machinery. I have already suggested the formation of a consultative system and its procedure in which Imams of Mosques shall have a practicing role to play. I have also put forward a proposal for the formation of Bhaichara committees to check communal riots, if both of these suggestions are implemented; the Muslim society shall definitely come up.

NO MUSLIM PARTY IS POPULAR
AT NATIONAL LEVEL

There is no dearth of Muslim organizations but none of them has a national base or is genuinely popular among Indian Muslims. It will be a futile exercise to criticize or appreciate these organizations. Indian Union Muslim league in Kerala is the only political party by worth; consideration and substance whereas Majlis Ittehad-ul-Muslimeen in Andhra Pradesh has a token influence in Andhra Pradesh and both of them are regional parties.

INDIAN MUSLIMS, THE ONLY COMMUNITY DEPRIVED OF AN ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE

It is a matter of great concern that in spite of being a considerable part of Indian population we neither have any political ideology nor a movement, rather we are emerging in the form of such a society where we butcher ourselves at the altar of mutual rifts and differences at all levels.

Islam does not believe in caste system nor there is any scope for narrow mindedness in it but sometimes our leaders and parties divide us on these lines too.

We may belong to different schools of thought, may subscribe to different convictions and perceptions about our religion but unanimity in matters of common interest and consensus on matters of national interest through collective consultations is not allowed to be highjacked by these diversities. As far as Indian Muslims are concerned they have similar aspirations and problems. It is the hypocritical and selfish approach of our so called leaders which is dividing us. Let us take a pledge to evolve a proper organizational structure and draft a political ideology for improving the lot of this poor and bewildered community.

The Present Political Perspective

u The community is being exploited by one and all. If annoyed with one group, it switches over to another for being exploited further.

u Absence of judicious and rational approach in arriving at political decisions.

u Problems and their solutions are the same but the approach to their resolution lacks unity of action, sincerity of purpose and social harmony.

u Muslim community in general, state and local elections present itself as a divided house devoid of taking matured and community friendly decisions.

During assembly elections decisions are not taken on the basis of local issues. This badly affects their developmental activity and mobilization.

"In the present political system, it is not possible to have power directly. However, the target can definitely be achieved indirectly through the application of collective wisdom and by scientifically strategizing our political moves. Sometimes, even the winning parties in whose victory we have been instrumental, do not acknowledge our contribution and become indifferent to us and our issues after elections. Why? It is a thought of the day for all of us. As of now, every body is playing musical chairs with us or we are considered like a musical instrument which one acquires/holds to produce a tune of one's own choice. Our intellectuals must ponder over it"


PRESENT POLITICAL SCENARIAO
AND INDIAN MUSLIMS

As stated earlier also, Muslim voters have a vital role to play in a considerable number of Parliamentary and assembly constituencies but their number is declining everywhere because of conspiracies against them and unbalanced delimitation and reservation of constituencies in such a manner that Muslims suffer under all circumstances and sometimes lose even their majority character. It is also an admitted fact that Muslim voters play a decisive role in the defeat and victory of political parties. For example Congress lost power on a number of occasions because of its poor support and on many occasions it came into minority and thereby loosing the taste of power. Janata Party could grab the power from Congress with the support of Muslim voters. Clear defeats of the governments of Rajiv Gandhi and Narsimha Rao as a result of Muslim backlash after Babri Masjid tragedy are other examples. Most recent defeat of NDA and the victory of U.P.A. are such other precedents on the basis of which Muslims can well assess their strength themselves. Such examples are available at the state levels too. If Muslims withdraw support from Lalu and Mulayam where do they stand is not difficult to assess. All indicators are in our favor. It is only the lack of matured will for which we are paying so heavily.

The sole purpose of going into such details is that as a community we must be conscious about our distinctly unique place and realize the extent to which we command the decisive and recurring influence on the overall political structure of the country. We are the strongest pressure group in India but we do not know how to play our cards. We need to learn to act first, if we want others to respond. Let us activate our will, wisdom and working mechanism and mannerism to achieve the legitimately due.

"With the Shilanyas (laying foundation stone) at Ayodhya in 1989, the socio-political environment of the country changed substantially. The congress which once believed in the principle of unity in diversity, as the basis for the formulation of national policy started playing communal card and thus, providing a ground, desperately sought for, by Bhartiya Janata Party and the Sangh Parivar right from day one of their existence to get the required political mileage. Shilaniyas pacified religious sentiments of Hindus but doors of pacific solution of the problem were almost closed. In desperation Members of Muslim clergy were flown to the site by helicopter to satisfy the community. The result was that Hindus came into the fold of BJP while Muslims started searching for an alternative to congress, an effort continuing till today. In the year 1992, the mosque was demolished and consequently communal politics gained further strength. In 1996 election, BJP emerged as the largest political party but could not win over allies. Devi Gowda and Inder Kumar Gujral formed the government, but were dislodged from power by congress soon for no valid reasons. In 1998, mid term polls were held and BJP with the support of its allies formed its first government in the country. In the year 1999 when elections were held again after 13 months, BJP got absolute majority from NDA platform. NDA held power for more than 5 ½ years and lost the elections in 2004. Now once again the congress has come to power with its allies. This should be kept in mind that the decisive role of Muslim voters has been a very important factor in coalition governments.

At state level, regional political parties have become stronger now. National political parties have also fallen in the category of big regional political parties, for example BJP is confined to Delhi, H.P., Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Haryana, Punjab and Karnataka but in all these states regional political parties and congress are face to face. In Punjab BJP is a junior partner with Akali Dal; same is the situation in Haryana. However, in Karnataka, it has opponents but not allies. It is at third place after congress and Janata Dal Secular. In these states, congress is opponent of BJP. At the same time it also has a base in Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Punjab. In Bihar the fight is between congress and Rashtriya Janata Dal, CPM, NCP on one hand and Janata Dal United and BJP on the other hand. In Uttar Pradesh BJP is pitted against Samajwadi party, Bahujan Samaj Party and Congress, same is the position in Uttaranchal, Tamil Nadu has two regional parties, in Orissa the direct fight is between Biju Janata Dal and congress. The national politics is now divided in a number of regions and this has given birth to coalition governments. The coalition era of politics and government is going to continue".

NATIONAL PROBLEMS

As far as national problems are concerned, these need not be discussed as there is complete consensus on all national issues. Only a few persons or a handful of persons in a few parties might be having their own agenda. There can't be two opinions on issues of national importance like patriotism, internal and external security, preservation of integrity and unity and such other issues. Such issues always have precedence over individual or community interests. Muslims, by their conduct, have proved truthfulness of such noble thoughts. We, the Muslims, are always mentally and physically prepared for making all sorts of sacrifices, as and when the situation so demands. It is not peculiar to Muslims; all have to and should behave as such. Dignity and honour of our country is necessarily dear to all of us and we must always be ready to protect it at our level as our soldiers do it at borders under scorching heat, bitter cold, fast blowing winds etc i.e. in difficult situations, most difficult situations and awesome situations at land, in air, water, mountains, terrains, glaciers etc. even in minus and above normal temperatures. Our army is composed of all groups of people and remains a living example of our secular polity, society and composite culture.Hare I salute all those brave Jawans and officers of Indian Army, Air Force, Navy and other Para Military forces who are performing their national duty of fighting against the hostile designs of internal and external forces.

MOMENT OF CONCERN

In these circumstances, Muslims, in spite of being a very strong pressure group and being capable of playing a decisive role at all political levels, do not have any say or role in the process of government formation, be it any government, centre or state. It is a matter of shame for the 200 million strong community, its organizational network and collective leadership that with such a strong population and single largest vote bank we are found begging for our legitimate rights. The sorry state of affairs calls for self introspection and self correction. This is time to re-vitalize and re-channelise our energies if we are keen to better strategize for a better tomorrow and this will be possible only when we, as a community genuinely re-dedicate ourselves for the common good of Indians in general and the Muslims in perticular.

FORMATION OF PRESSURE GROUP

Let it begin at home, pass through the street, mosque, revise at local school, have authenticity of religious scholar, be benefited of the understanding of intellectual, absorb the legal depressant of an advocate, be influenced by the character of teacher, assimilate the feeling of performance of a sane social worker, encouraging the young student, pass through personal meeting, chaupals, chowks and returning again to home with parents and other elder members of the family and in the neighborhood and after reaching in the form of a decision should be presented before the society .

COUNTRY WIDE BROTHERHOOD COMMITTEES

Today mutual understanding, affection, relationship and faith is badly needed for the development of the country and community, it is not only our community requirement but much more than that is a national requirement. Let us forget our past bitterness, animosities, hatred, conspiracies, negative thinking, hypocrisies and together start working to make our beloved country developed country by 2020 and also come forward to build a new civilized society. Let us demolish the wall of hatred and must construct the fort of love and affection. I request to the entire Indian community in general and to the Indian Muslims in particular to come forward for the establishment of such committees. Here I also want to make a few basic submissions to Muslim society.

1. With reference to the stand on national affairs, problems and matters, we need more transparent expression and stands.

2. We always organize Muslim conventions and that too at the time of elections. Why? When are we going to organize conventions, symposiums, seminars and workshops on issues that we face as a nation?

"There is a dire need to hold a National Conference on Kashmir and Terrorism by Indian Muslims and this initiative, I intend to take in the near future. Inshallah".

3. Whenever aggression, high handed and heart burning incidents take place with our sisters and brothers in the majority community, our reaction should be prompt, candid and free from all sorts of reservations and suspicions. We expect the same from them as and when the situation so warrants. This is tangibly lacking in both.

4. We pray to Almighty for Muslims only. This is not proper Creator in whom we express our faith is the Creator of all worlds and of all communities. By acting and behaving in such a silly way we do the utmost injustice to our faith. Islam is a faith which belongs to the whole of humanity and not to Muslims alone. Some of the extremists who live under this illusion should overcome this individual weakness. Therefore, it should be clearly expressed through our prayers, deeds, acts and promises. For this initiative to succeed each one of you have to come forward and make your contribution. I believe that there are such reliable non political, undisputed and clean image persons available in the community who concentrates only on the problems and their solutions. Their thinking is also like this but they avoid performing the duties imposed upon them to guide the society to right path because of some expediency. Hence you have to come forward. Don't annoy the political workers of the contesting candidates around you neither get too close to them and nor argue on any matter. You must make efforts only to make public opinion so that people are able to take decision on the basis of problems.

Our national strategy should be based on the cleanliness of the drains. This should be kept in mind and don't jump directly to parliament, every one wants to work at national level whether he has some existence at the street level or not this approach must be avoided.