“We are for the resolution of all our problems within the constitutional framework, seek an honourable place for my community in governance, development and public representation, keen to see that 200 million strong Muslim population is no more exploited by the touts of politics, political parties and the individual politicians, as a community it plays its due role in shaping the destiny of India and in this process achieve for itself indirect rule through the adoption of demand based politics and the same is culminating into securing for it the proportionate representation in all walks of life because this is where the actual redressal to all our grievencies lies.”.
Present poor state of Muslim Society demands that such a charter is chalked out for the society which may bring within its domain sincere and matured people who are really interested in the welfare of Muslim community. For this purpose some journalistic efforts is also essential rather inevitable so that the message reaches the audience including common Muslims and also elites. Naturally, it demanded a comprehensive and solid strategy, liaison with leadership and the government agency.
Present plight of Indian Muslims, be it moral, social, educational, financial or political requires objective appreciation and sustain efforts and also proper awakening amongst Muslim community.
It is also necessary to mention here that I started to write and compile this charter on 10th December, 1992 in accordance with a planned strategy which I had chalked out after considering all pros and cons. This process continued for several years and one may and may not believe I contributed ten to twelve hours for several days. It is another thing that I was able to present before the public only in the month of July 1996. Now after nine years I have reviewed it and presenting it to you after necessary modifications and additions. This charter of Muslim problems is a unique document of its kind. Its study will provide a clear and true understanding of ground realities with reference to Muslim problems which will create a favorable atmosphere for thought, action and movement at both individual and collective levels. I hope so, also expect and by the grace of God do also believe it Insha-Allah. I may once again repeat that Manshoor-e-Muslim has come out from the womb of demolition of Babri Masjid as a wanted baby.
I am a Muslim-My belief
ISLAM THAT I STRONGLY BELIEVE IN AND PRESENT TO ALL THOSE WHO ARE NOT YET BLESSED BY THIS ETERNAL GIFT OF ALMIGHTY ALLAH
Who did well?
I Am a Citizen of India
India is my home land and motherland
I do have Some Expectations
Majority Community and the Indian Muslims Muslims, in general, have been maintaining cordial relations with the majority community but at the same time it can not be denied that there is some sort of bitterness in the relations between Indian Muslims and majority community. Both communities have got certain suspicions against each other. Besides, there are certain elements in minority and majority communities, who at frequent intervals arouse their communal passions. Communal riots, matters relating to Muslim personal law, issue of Urdu, Babri Masjid dispute, misrepresentation of historical facts, presentation of Islam in negative and aggressive form, suspicion about the integrity of Muslims, keeping the Muslims away from the mainstream and making the people understand that they do not join the national mainstream are such other matters or issues which are being publicized by communal parties, organizations and elements from time to time. Being influenced by this, sometimes our responsible representatives, government officers and employees are also not able to keep them away from such dirty politics and this poison is continuing to spread over. Scars of partition have not disappeared as yet though a period of more than fifty years has elapsed. Venom of communalism comes out of the packed bottle in a communally surcharged atmosphere.
On one hand the Hindu communalism has been responsible for such a situation and on the other hand there are elements even in the Muslim community who become so emotional and aggressive that they commit un-excusable follies. As a result, it encourages Hindu communalism on one side and provides necessary communal food to these elements on the other side. In this situation Muslims and their leaders must take a moderate view and should take only such decisions which are in their interest but at the same time are not inconsistent with national interest. Patriotism and the country must always be their first preference.
MUSLIM LEADERSHIP A SAD TALE
Apparently there is no dearth of Muslim Leaders, organizations, parties as also personalities who have been discussing the deteriorating conditions of Muslims. At the same time there are a large number of persons who aspire a better future for Indian Muslims. In spite of all that, even today the Indian Muslims are subject to personal skirmishes, personal rivalries, groupism, hatred, mental and psychological depression and such other problems.
Here, my intention is not to assess the performance of Muslim leaders, organizations and parties or to criticize them. Rather, I admit it that all these organizations are carrying on their respective programmes to the best of their capacities. They are lagging behind only in the collective approach and consultative machinery. It is very sad that we have no organized system. That is why we are emerging as a society that preaches collectiveness, unanimity, mutual consultation and cohesiveness but practice none of them. All want to lead but none wants to be led. The person who can not influence the opinion even of a street walker claims to be the leader of the whole community. Every one wants to be known as supreme leader (Qaid-e-Azam) of the community though he may not be fit for being a municipal councillor.
The fact is that it is well known in government and non-government circles that we do not have any central leadership at all. Not only this, but the manner in which national political parties and the political parties of bigger states are conducting deals with these leaders at the time of elections, have well judged them in respect of their status and capability. Only Kerala and to some extent the state of Andhra Pradesh may be kept out of this context. Please consider some time as to which extent this claim is true. However, now the circumstances are getting changed. The coalition government and politics have inspired a new life in our political representatives but because of not having our individual platform, it looks difficult to achieve the goals of which they are capable.
PRESENT POLITICAL LEADERSHIP
AND INDIAN MUSLIMS
Most of the Muslim leaders have been able to get a berth in the state Assembly or Parliament by pleasing their masters and as such they are either lacking sense of Milli responsibility or they are reluctant to discharge it because of inferiority complex or they prefer to remain silent spectators so that their masters may not get annoyed and they may not be penalized for indiscipline and deprived of the present status and also apprehend that they may not get an opportunity to contest next election etc. These people do not realize that even if the communal forces happen to come into power in the country, they are also bound to give due representation to India Muslims. Last six years of NDA rule under BJP leadership bears testimony to this fact. Thus, we should make it a point that we have to get our rights as a matter of right and not as a matter of political concession.
It is also disheartening to note that such Muslims are participating in politics that are not abreast with the problems of Muslims. Thus, keeping in view the entire situation of Indian Muslims I am of the opinion that such a detailed document be prepared which not only points out the problems of 20 crore Muslims but also suggests action plan so that a base may be made available for follow up action. In the first instance, probably, we have to set right our thinking and change our outlook, it is only then that we can proceed further. I believe that this effort would be a solid, strong and comprehensive initiative in right direction and would lead to positive results.
PREPARATION OF MANSHOOR-E-MUSLIM
(The Muslim Charter)
It is the primary duty of Muslim leaders to visualize and prepare this Manshoor. Had it been done earlier things would have been different but it was not to be. However, it is never too late. I am thankful to God that I have gained courage to do this great work and undertake this mission. I will do it objectively and shall not allow my tongue, pen and steps to slip or totter as the case may be. The veracity of my claim shall be determined by present younger generation and the coming generations of my community, in particular, and nation at large.
PROBLEMS OF MUSLIM
COMMUNITY - AN INTRODUCTION
Practically, it is not possible for any individual or individuals to enumerate or point out all the problems faced by an individual, group, denomination, community or society at large. However, this petty endeavor is definitely a step forward in the right direction to point out the problems faced by Muslim Community and the remedial steps to be taken by the government and public authorities, judiciary, executive, Muslim leaders, parties and organizations so that the way may be paved for fair and judicious redressal of their grievances and at the same time, the old practice of evading of the responsibilities by a few incompetent, unreliable and so called emotional Muslim leaders, organizations and institutions just to get rid of their responsibilities should be brought to an end forthwith. TILL DATE WE HAVE BEEN EVADING THE PROCESS OF SELF ASSESSMENT AND RETROSPECTION. Let us begin this spirited work with a prayer to Almighty Allah that He may give us strength and also bless us with wisdom, intellect, prudence and farsightedness to take up this mission without fear and favour.So help me God.
In order to consider and analyze the matters, directly related to human conscience one must have the qualities of head and heart because the analysis of any psychological problem involves complete impartiality, truthfulness and judicious approach. It would be my endeavor not to hurt any person, organization, party or any school of thought by any of my words, sentences, thought, criticism or satire, be it explicit or implied. However, I would not be reluctant in putting my record straight whatever may be its cost and to whom it may reasonably hurt. I submit to Allah and none else.
POINTING OUT OF PROBLEMS
Sense of Deprivation
Despite all constitutional safeguards and assurances by national leaders and political parties in their election manifestos; whenever I tried to analyze the ground position, I feel vacuum like situation and it appears to be really deplorable. I develop this feeling particularly when I have a look at my localities, educational institutions, their deteriorating condition, adverse comments and gestures of the people having bias against my community, plight of Muslim candidates attending interviews for services, seeking financial assistance or taking loan for their business from any bank or financial institutions, seeking redressal of their grievances at the hands of government officials, the difficulties faced by them in maintaining their religious identity and conserving and promoting their culture, civilization and historical as also cultural heritage, posting of police personnel around big mosques on Fridays and on ceremonial occasions like Idul Fitr and Idul Zuha and a number of questions come to my mind in such peculiar situations. It is the same sense of deprivation which I propose to discuss here.
The Questions Before Me
Ruling Class and Political Parties - Responsibilities
SENSE OF NON PARTICIPATION
I am the second biggest majority in India. I am also biggest minority in this country. I am the second biggest Muslim Population in the world. I enjoy the same constitutional rights which other citizens do enjoy. However, while analyzing my share in the country’s development, prosperity, politics, economy and society, I develop a sense of non-participation and I pose a few questions which are as under:
If my population is considered only 17 percent:-
Ruling Class And Political Parties -
Responsibilities And Expectations
When reservation was given to Muslims in Karnataka, Kerala Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu, these data were collected and applied. Why are they being deprived of this benefit at the center and in other states. The political parties must have a broader outlook and adopt a judicious approach for ensuring proportionate representation to Muslims. The initiatives taken in this direction in Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu and recently in Andhra Pradesh should be welcomed. Some sorts of discussions are going on in the center also and we should hope positively. The Govt.has set up a national commission to go into the details of socio-economic backwardness of Muslims which is a welcome development. For the time being initiative is more important than percentage.
Muslim Society - Responsibilities and Expectations
In order to achieve these goals, consultative bodies may be constituted at Village, Tehsil, District, State and national levels comprising of reliable and qualified persons which may help you in taking political decisions and adopting uniform approach to community maters. In fact, all efforts are being made at national level whereas the need of the hour is that such efforts be made at local and ground levels. The issue is not merely related to increase the representation in legislatures. The problems at local level, is equally a very bad shape. Therefore, it is the responsibility of responsible persons to examine the ground realities when question of supporting of candidates in election in their respective localities comes. In this way, the system of consultation will start from ground level and then will be formed at upper level by way of natural and logical continuity and then there will come a day, Inshallah, when this system will be established countrywide. Till now the efforts had been made from above but the need is going above from the bottom. Thus we have to move in ascending order and not in a discomfiting order. The preference should be given to candidates who can resolve our problems defeating or victory of a particular party or candidate is immaterial. Till date we had been loosing ground because of our orthodox approach. Politics is not the game of enmity or friendship with someone but it is the formation of best strategy to achieve the goal. We may have friendship with all and malice for none,
SENSE OF INSECURITY
Despite equal rights, opportunities, facilities and protections, even today a common Muslim and Muslim society feels that the atmosphere is poisoned against it with communalism. Those who are at the helm of affairs show their partiality during communal riots and even otherwise. It is astonishing that major communal riots take place, particularly in such localities, towns and cities where Muslims begin to come up economically. Thousands of innocent persons, mostly Muslims have lost their lives in innumerable communal riots after the independence. Reports of various enquiry commissions regarding communal riots have not yet seen the light of the day. The recommendations of such commissions have never been acted upon. These are some of the factors due to which a feeling of insecurity has developed among Muslims in their own country. Besides, Wakf properties, which were to be utilized for the welfare of Muslim community, have been occupied unauthorizedly even by Govt.institutions. In such a situation the complete helplessness of Muslim community as also of their leaders is bound to increase the sense of insecurity amongst Muslims. In addition to that even fingers are raised at our religious places every now and then. Demolition of Babri Mosque and evil intentions or false claims regarding several other mosques, and historical places which include Taj Mahal, Qutub Minar etc running into thousands and absence of any positive response or taking of no response from the government are indicative of the feeling of insecurity amongst Muslims. This particular feeling has given rise to following questions in the mind of even a common Muslim.
Whether my life, property, honor and dignity have no value?
Ruling Class and Political Parties - Responsibilities
Muslim Leaders, Organizations and Parties -
Responsibilities and Expectations
Muslim Society - Responsibilities And Expectations
All these problems do arise occasionally. They are not permanent psychological problems. However, any denial of their importance and existence would be a mistake and would reflect an unhealthy attitude. Hence, it is necessary to make their reference in brief. The sense of non representation means the absence of adequate and proportional representation in various spheres of life. It includes all stages right from planning to implementation. The reason probably may be the insufficient number of intellectuals and educated section amongst Muslims but at the same time the ruling class also lacks the spirit of giving proportionate representation to Muslims. They want to give representation just for showing and not in proportion to the population of Muslims. Why the Muslims are deprived of becoming heads of planning commission, National Election commission, and similar other institutions. They are made heads of some insignificant institutions.
Fear psychosis and terror may be attributed to rising of Hindu communalism, attacks of religious places hurting of religious feelings, one sided atrocities on Muslims in communal riots and the partial attitude of government machinery which sometimes fails and becomes anti Muslim. It is a fact that common Muslim considers himself insecure. This fear psychosis is for two reasons - Firstly, a few emotional so called Muslim leaders create more hatred through their fiery speeches and on the other hand this hatred leads to extremism and violence, target of which is again the poor Muslim and these leaders get dividends out of this political game.
Another factor is increasing Hindu communalism and communal attitude of the administration because sometime, he finds the administration on the side of erring party and he is in catch 20 positions. No one comes to his rescue and he is always at the receiving end. 2003 anti-Muslim riots of Gujarat are its recent example.
Today, when the country is victim of internal and external terrorism, feelings of confusing state are found in majority community at both individual and collective levels with reference to the stand of Indian Muslims on terrorism. It is our duty to adopt clear and transparent stand in respect of suicidal attacks, knowingly taking the lives of innocent people, unjustified attacks and converting the pious concept of Jihad into terrorism through the involvement of youth in terrorist activities and taking shelter in Mosques and Temples and such other activities.
Feeling Of Second Rate Citizenship
The fundamental reason for this complex is the ill treatment meted out to a common Muslim in his daily life. He gets ill treatment at the hands of Government officials of all ranks, of course not all. His representation and participation in all spheres is very poor. He has a growing sense of deprivation. He is a witness to the suspicious eyes revolving around him. Thus he had become a question mark. False statements of the political leaders and false promises made by the political parties have become order of the day. Condition of Muslim localities, institutions, their social and economic status have developed in them an inferiority complex and all these things are indicative of their being treated as second rate citizens. The situation demands to promote and dispense justice impartially. The ruling classes, the Muslim society, the Muslim parties, other circles, institutions, organizations, political parties and their leaders have a vital role to play in their upliftment.
DOUBLE STANDARDS OF GOVERNMENT AND
SEMI GOVERNMENT INSTITUTIONS
This feeling of discrimination is also getting strength day
by day. Probably, its reason is the emergence of such groups in government
officers who allows the intervention of biased and communal approach in the
discharge of their duties and obligations. It hinders them from discharging
their duties judiciously and impartially.
In order to check this unhealthy tendency, the officers should be imparted better and proper training so that such complaints may be avoided in future and the negative tendencies that may prove fatal at a later stage, may be checked before hand and before it is too late. It is better if some sorts of awards, prizes and distinctions are given away to honest and impartial officers so that the secular trend is promoted amongst the government officers and employees.
MUSLIM SOCIETY: A MERE CONSUMER ITEM
The Muslim society has become a mere vote bank. The Muslims are in such a situation that they become annoyed with one party on any emotional issues and make themselves available to the other party for being exploited without any positive reason (just to be used for their interest). Thus, they do taste the same bitter experience which they had tasted at the hands of the earlier party. Now they are in the state of confusion and full of misunderstanding. Now we have become such a society which does not have any consultative machinery that may render guidance in solving community problems and safeguard the Muslim interests and also awake the sense in community to extend conditional support or oppose it.
THE MUSLIM LEADERSHIP: A TOY FOR OTHERS
As a matter of fact, there is hardly any Muslim leadership. If there is any, it is in the form of divided house. There are innumerable organizations, parties and leaders and every one of them claims to be on the right path and considers the other to be on the wrong track. The Muslims being illiterate, extremely poor and ignorant have lost faith in all of their leaders and are in a state of confusion and uncertainty. Last five decades are evidence to that. Muslim leadership had only twisted and made the problems more complicated but it has failed miserablely to resolve them. Its performance had not been praise worthy and commendable in any sphere of life and probably this is the reason that with reference to community we are disabled and handicapped psychologically. Too much misunderstanding and too many false expectations has thrown us into such vicious circle that we find it difficult to come out of it. We blame one or the other for this state of affairs. We are giving shape to a society which lacks any feeling of responsibility and duty. It is in a state of confusion, full of personal rivalries and the restlessness amongst its members has reached such a point that they may give rise to further problems involving many other implications. Thus, the situation warrants that public and community authorities, government institutions and organizations, all political and non political parties’ particularly Muslim leaders, organizations, parties and intellectuals should not continue to be mere silent spectators to this miserable situation. They must come forward to play their respective roles for resolving the problems. It is essential not only for the welfare of Muslim community but also for the collective security, prosperity and development of this country and the nation. It is the duty of all of us to face unitedly the problem of sense of deprivation wherever it tries to make roots in any section of society. The solution of such problems vests in collective efforts and not in leveling the charges against each other.
As Muslims, all of us believe that our success in life depends upon our degree of proximity with Islam, the religion of nature and professing and following it in true spirit. Life of our Prophet is a model for all of us and his life is the conclusive proof of the practicability of Islamic values and Shariah, and none can say that none of the two can be practiced or acted upon gradually in one’s practical life. This religion has come down to us from the prophet through caliphs, companions of Prophet, the pious and the righteous, the theologists and Islamic Scholars. Having been guided by the same Islamic scriptures and the life of Prophet our great preachers, Sufis and other similar persons have been spreading the message of Islam from on corner to another and they have been shaping their life style in a manner that can be followed by others and the message of Islam may continue to be communicated through their practical deeds and actions till the day of judgment. It is because of these factors that the number of Muslims is swelling day by day and is would continue to grow with the passage of time. Even today when conditions worldwide are hostile to Islam and Muslims still Islam is the fastest growing religion in America and Europe. Today when the Muslims and Muslim societies are backward everywhere in the world and have ceased to be the models a mere look on which made the people come forward to embrace Islam in groups. Still its growth may be described as faster than the fastest. Let everyone ponder over it.
Today, the Muslims in the world and Indian Muslims are presenting such picture of Islam by their promises, acts and deeds, character, moral overtones, and general behavior that one feels that there is nothing attractive in Islam. There is much variation even in preaching and practice of. Even the most righteous ones. However, it does not mean that such virtues have completely disappeared. But such species are really rare. The need of the hour is to discuss all the religious issues with utmost sincerity and after finding the faults, efforts be made to remove them as the defects, weakness and try to find the areas where we can improve upon. Efforts be made to remove all shortcomings and weaknesses. Islam is a true religion and the only way to obtain deliverance. Today the position is that we claim to believe in Allah but don’t follow His command and message, believe in Prophet, but don’t abide by his teachings, believe in Shariah (Islamic Jurisprudence), but don’t practice it. In other words we are Muslims worth name and not by worth and believe in Islam but don’t follow it.
MESSAGE OF QURAN NOT REACHING ALL
It a matter of great concern and shock that the message of Quran, the holy book descended more than fourteen hundred years ago in the form of revelation has reached the persons who believe in it, follow it and are ready to lay their lives and obtain deliverance, only partially i.e. practically for purposes of recitation only. One fails to understand as to why such practice had been prevalent from the beginning to teach Quran without explaining its meaning and what is contained in it. However, none can deny this fact that those who are interested in understanding and interpreting it, Quran have recourse to authentic commentaries and translations available in almost all the languages of the world. Here my reference is to a common Muslim. This cannot be denied that there is prevalent custom in our families to teach Quran but to the extent of recitation only. Let the Islamic scholars, religions instructors and Imams of Mosques discharge their duties honestly so that message of Quran reaches every house in its true form and spirit. It would be beneficial in the following manner:
Proper understanding of Quran would automatically develop a taste of other religious books and the impact of Islam and its values could be seen in one’s daily life.
It is expected from a common Muslim that he understands the actual message of Quran by studying its translation and commentary. Today’s generation has developed various misconceptions. Therefore it is necessary that it should adopt a true Islamic approach and should not indulge in any violent activity.
OF RELIGIOUS SECTIONS
It will be a complete folly to deny this fact that the role of learned persons (Ulemas), Mashaikhs (Priests at Dargahs), Imams of mosques and religious instructors is declining in the Muslim society day by day. But it is also a fact that no other section of the society has such strong grip over the Muslim Community as the religious section has. Probably, its main cause is that a common Muslim is emotionally attached to his religion and considers it the only source of obtaining deliverance. Since the religion reaches him through these religious sections and it is only they who make him understand what is true and what is false, what is good and what is bad, what is legitimate and what is illegitimate and what is valid and what is invalid, he is bound to have the highest regard for them and he is also doing so and he must do so.
Now the question arises that in spite of such a healthy approach evils like lack of unity, confusion, mutual conflict, factionalism, hatred, favoritism, nepotism, narrow outlook, Sentimental outbursts, violence, declining moral values, improper dealings, immature actions, improper style of speech and expression have increased or are constantly increasing still persist. Should this section which has the strongest grip over Muslim society and whom Muslim society approaches in distress be not held responsible for these basic fallacies in Muslim society. This is the ineffectiveness, which is being mentioned here. I have neither enmity nor any malice against this religious section. This section is as much respectable to me as any other common Muslim. This ineffectiveness may be because of the following reasons.
Non-fulfillment of expectations from religions sections because the daily life of this section is similarly influenced by worldly comforts as that of any other common man. This section has to become a model for others. In this context many queries remain unanswered.
In order to curb the increasing trend of ineffectiveness of religious sections, an action plan is proposed later to discuss pitiable condition of Imams of mosques and those concerned with other religious institutions.
ABSENCE OF CONSULTATIVE MECHANISM AMONG MUSLIM RELIGIOUS SCHOLARS
Muslim religious (Ulemas) scholars are an asset of Muslim society and it is their intellect and wisdom because of which they are required to impart religious teachings and guidance to the Muslim society so that they may understand Shariah. Imams of Mosques, Hafiz (One who memorizes Quran by heart), Qari( one who teaches the mode of reciting the verses of Quran), religious instructors , writers of commentaries on Quran, Muftis(Islamic Jurists), Ulemas and other similar respectable personalities have been playing a vital role in their respective areas but it is a matter of concern that they are not playing their roles as honestly as their predecessors used to play.How many religious scholars in the Muslim population of more than 20 crores are in a position to guide the community to face the challenges of today. The number of mosques is increasing and so their beauty, new religious institutions are being opened, Hukumat-e-Ilahiya ( a system of governance based on divine law) is being discussed but no body is asking whether the money and people associated with them are investing money derived from Halal (permissible) sources or not. Unfortunately, our society appears to be no more concerned about the concepts like Halal (permissible means and sources of earning as per the teachings and tenets of Islam) and Haram (forbidden means and sources of earning).
It is also a fact that these Ulemas are associated with different institutions, religious centers and schools of thoughts and they have some differences on certain fundamental issues. However, if they can arrive at a consensus on matters beneficial to the community at large, it will not only promote the unity among Muslims, the community will also be able to derive maximum benefits from their collective leadership and guidance. Still there exist some systems for consultation among Ulemas, but those are of limited nature and confined to defined sphere. Hence, it is essential to establish QUAMI DAR-UL-USHAWARAT BAR-AI-MAZHABI UMOOR (a national consultative body for religious issues), which is composed of Ulemas, representing various schools of thoughts and that should be concerned only with the problems of community at large. In this direction initiative is required to be taken by the Ulemas of Ahle-Sunnat Bareilly, Ashrafia and Markaz at Calicut and Deoband. If it could be achieved, it will bring good fortunes for the Indian Muslims.
Present Situation and Problems
All of us are bound to take our Ulemas and other religious segments of Indian Society in high esteem. No body has either a right or is competent to raise objection or to advise them. However, society has certain expectations from them and it can not be denied. Accordingly they are expected to discharge their duties honestly in order to reduce the tension and confusion amongst community and guide them to the right path as it is their right as well as duty. The present situation is very critical. The delay in remedial action is bound to create more complications.
Dargah Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti, Ajmer Sharif
(devotees of Khwaja Sahib paying their respects)
Among the category of Mashaikhs only those persons fall that come from the generations of Aulias (Great Sufis) and are performing the role of custodian of their shrines, being the heirs of the legacy and the spiritual mission that they have left behind.
The number of Muslims has not gone up so rapidly in the Indian sub continent and the rest of the world because of the use of sword or political power against non Muslims. It is a false charge on Islam and Muslims by vested interests. In fact, it is the net result of the personal impact and influence of the character of Aulia Allah who were the embodiment of perfection and the true followers of the teachings of Islam, Quran, Hadith and the life style of Prophet Mohammed (PBUH).
They practiced a model code of conduct and treated all human beings as equals and gave each individual a sense of equity and equality by denying any considerations to factors like caste, color, and creed, social and economic status. They also cultivated an environment in which no body is formally asked or pushed to embrace Islam. Rather this whole issue of embracement or non embracement was left open. Worldwide, people of all races, regions, castes, creeds and shades of opinion accepted and embraced Islam on its merit and eternal appeal.
This was the beauty of these Aulias and the Khanqahi Islam ( an ideal combination of the teachings of Quran and Sunnah) that they could win over hearts and minds of the people. Islam was never formally presented by them. They firmly believed that Islam is a religion of nature and its acceptance by whole of humanity should come about in a natural course. Muslims, both as individuals, community and society are required to model and shape their personalities as the living examples of Islam for others to follow.
There is a complete network of religious shrines in the Indian subcontinent and the world over where such rainy personalities are lying in rest. Hundreds of thousands of people from India and abroad are visiting these shrines every day and praying to Allah for their self reform and improvement. Instead of being benefited from these shrines in terms of imbibing and inculcating in them the true spirit and essence of Islam, following the practices of Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) and the lifestyle of Aulias they adopt the course of superstition and expect miracles to happen. Unfortunately, this menace is spreading so fast and has got so deep rooted in the Muslim society that the real mission of Aulias which focuses on developing personal qualities like piety, fear of God, selflessness, righteousness, deep sense of worship, simplicity, sense of high moral and ethical values has been replaced by customs, rituals and practices which are essentially symbolic in nature and character. Today there is a dire need to revive the original spirit of Khanqahi or Sufi Islam.
The people who are associated with such pious places and are also commanding sufficient respect and influence in society in general and the Muslim society in particular are expected to realize and understand their duties, responsibilities and obligations and start giving performance befitting their background.
Islam and Muslims are passing through a period of turmoil. Islam, as it is projected today, is a religion which preaches intolerance, hatred, enmity and violence and Muslims, being its follows are the practitioners of these evil virtues of life. Terms like fundamentalism, extremism, fanaticism and terrorism have become synonymous with Islam and Muslims. As a community, it is believed to be a group of terrorists, extremists, militants and fanatics.
In such a scenario if our shrines and those associated
with them start playing actively positive and constructive role and
render proper guidance to the pilgrims visiting the shrines in particular
and the community as a whole in general, there is no reason as to why
most of the people will do not respond positively to their deliberations.
In order to achieve these aims, the following action plan is proposed.
Here my expectations from Mashaikhs are absolutely non
In fact, I am diverting your attention towards nothing but just the moral upgradation of the community as a whole.
Full view Dargah Sharif
It is an admitted fact that the Holymen should have nothing to do with worldly attractions or powers. They are expacted to unconditionally submit to the will and service of the lord of the universe, Almighty Allah and shape their lives according to Shariah. They must render every possible service to all irrespective of their religion, community, caste, colour, creed, region and language by living in the shrines. Their only cherished desire and prayer should be that persons visiting the shrine may receive spritual guidance and get their desires fulfilled. This must remain the center of their efforts.
However, best efforts should be made to avail the services of these respectable persons without any political touch so that they may also be a part of the consultative machinery and may be able to render guidance to the society. Their prayers and good wishes will definitely yield positive results.
Dargah Sharif, Ala Hazrat Imam Ahmed Raza Khan, Fazil-e-Barelvi
At the outset, I would like to make it clear that my intention is not to give preference to one group or school of thought over another. I am referring to this problem because of the following reasons.
The first and foremost thing to achieve the unity amongst Muslims is to promote unity and unanimity amongst groups representing various schools of thought and to rise above our personal interests and give preference to community interest. Only then the leaders and scholars representing different schools of thought would come closer and be able to consult and coordinate each other. If these groups failed to achieve this, the future of this poor and oppressed community would be bleak and for this the elite class would be responsible and not ordinary or common Muslim.
Muslims do not lack in spirit, intention, dedication
or sacrifice. The common men have the same problems, difficulties, demands,
desires and prayers; they only require awakening, positive attitude
towards community problems, and unity amongst various groups, interest
and welfare of the community. The only missing link is that our leaders
are not at one platform, the elite class is not united. Who will listen
to them and whom should they address their
Though I have raised these basic issues only with reference to Sunni Scholars but I expect a positive response from all the leaders and scholars, representing other schools of thought also.
In this regard it is expected from Mufti-e-Aazam Bareily Sharif Hazrat Allama Mohammad Akhtar Raza Khan Sahib Qibla and Shaikh Abu Bakr of Markaz As saqafat- us-Sunnia along with the leadership of Jamia Ashrafia that they will bring together the big religious institutions and learned scholars of Sunni schools of thought and will formulate such a collective consultative machinery which may provide a strong base to our common practical efforts and ensure collective as well as individual decisions.
Today, the curriculum and working of Madarsas at national as well as international level is the target of criticism. The contemporary education is being demanded to be included in the curriculum of Madarsas. In this background, some innocent persons for lack of knowledge and some misguided elements (inside and outside the community) are not only pressing for the constitution of a National Madarsa Board by the Central Government but it is also being placed as a community demand before the government. I just want to state here that it is a big mischief and a ticklish approach in which Indian Muslims are being implicated and it is a step forward to impose govt. control on religious practices which they are constitutionally entitled to enjoy.
Whether the present religious leaders of all four schools of thought are not competent enough to provide such a system at their own level? They can definitely do it. Such a system is already present informally and it just requires a formal shape, structure and sequence.
Darul-ul-oom Deoband, Dar-ul-uloom Deoband (Wakf), Mazahirul-Uloom, Sharanpur and other prominent Madarsas and institutions of Deoband school of thought conceive a joint mechanism for them, secondly Similar steps should be taken by Manzar-e-Islam Bareilly, Jamia Ashrafia Mubarakpur and Markaz As-saqafat-us-sunnia, Calicut and others and thirdly the same mechanism is followed by the representative personalities and institutions of Ahle-Hadees and Shia schools of thought. In the next step the institutional leadership of all the four schools of thought may reach a consensus on some basic issues and finalize a common curriculum. If it could be done then the future of Millat and thousands of Madarsas may be saved from these mischievous activities".
Let us expect that this effort will definitely provide a strong base in the right direction.
RELIGIOUS INSTITUTIONS ARE NOT
Our religious institutions are of paramount importance because they have not only been providing to the society the Islamic scholars, Muftis, Imams of Mosques, religious instructors (Teachers), Qazis (Jurists), Hafiz (Those who learn Quran by heart), Muhaddis (Specialist in teaching and interpreting the Sunnah i:e sayings and traditions of Prophet Mohammed) , Mufassir (The one who writes the commentary on Quran) and Muballighs ( Those who preach and propagate the teachings of Islam and also provide necessary guidance to follow the right path through their character, life style and code of behavior). However, these institutions also have the darker side which needs to be highlighted and they also require a definite action plan of reform.
Few significant suggestions.
"By inviting politicians to visit religious institutions, holding special functions for the benefit of a particular party or persons there, the reputation of such institutions decline, the dignity of the whole community is hurt and the religious matters take the color of politics. The politics is a personal matter of a person. This mischief should not be allowed to infiltrate our religious institutions. On one hand, we oppose the government and government institutions for interfering in matters of religion and faith but on the other hand, we ourselves provide them the ground. This is not proper."
WHY RELIGIOUS EDUCATION BY
It is a most bitter reality that most of the students, receiving or approaching for the religious education come from the lower strata of Muslim community and their lives have the unhappy blending of poverty, deprivation and inferiority complex. As a matter of fact they are forced to receive this education by their parents. They have no inherent interest and liking to receive such an education. Besides, they also feel that after receiving this education there is no guarantee of a secured and dignified future. Thus, the tragic situation is that Muslim society is within the grip of religious section and this section is in the grip of poverty, deprivation, inferiority complex and insecure future. Consequently, restlessness is growing amongst all sections of Muslims.
The prosperous class must also receive religious education. Thereafter, one may apply this knowledge to become a scholar, businessman, Hafiz or Qari or may opt to serve the religion or the material world or may opt for the healthy combination of both. The purpose of receiving religious education is not confined to be an Imam or a teacher in Islamic Institution. Education is related to practice and practice is related to each sphere of life. It would be highly appreciable if the persons, receiving religious education, manage their worldly affairs on religious lines and present a model to the whole society. Islam expects from its followers that they apply the teachings of religion in all walks of life and derive handsome benefits. Education in true Islamic tradition stresses on the compact development of personality. Today a number of allegations against religious institutions are being made, such as; terrorism is taught there, shelter to terroristsis is provided and they are encouraged to take to aggressive overtones. These cannot be rebutted by mere oral replies. We have to establish a collective system and bring out the details to the public so that every body could know as to what the curriculum is and what is the purpose and aim of education in such institutions. Here also the central organizations and personalities of each school of thought are supposed to take initiative and discharge their responsibility.
IMAMS OF MOSQUES
Prophet Mohammads' Mosque at Madina Munawwara, S.A.
Islam provides guidance to mankind in all spheres of life and it will continue till the Day of Judgment. One can get guidance from Quran for one's welfare, salvation, prosperity, development, existence and survival. Worldly revolutions will come and go, Man will set new standards for the administration of political, economic and social situations in all the ages, It will reject one ideology and adopt another but the eternity and truthfulness of the religion of nature shall remain the same for all times.
"Islam is the religion of nature and whole of humanity. It carries in it the eternal spirit, message, content and substance of the teachings of all Prophets and messengers of God right from Adam to Mohammad. Its origin is as old as the history of universe and human civilization. Mohammed (PBUH) does not reject what has come before him rather he re-affirms and testifies the earlier version of faith and puts a seal on that. Quran on many occasions narrate events, actions and instances of previous generations. This again establishes eternal bonds of relationship in whole of the humanity. It makes mandatory for every Muslim to believe in all the Prophets and messengers of God and respect each of them equally and if any believer does not respect any of the Prophets or disrespects any, he automatically gets debarred from the fold of Islam. Therefore, Islam is the finalized version of eternal faith. The pleasure of God vests only in the supremacy and power of the religion of nature."
Now the question arises how to carry this mission forward. Earlier it continued through Caliphs, Companions of Prophet, successors of the companions of Prophet, Imams, Aulias, pious religious and spiritual masters and thereafter, by Imams of Mosques and Ulemas. The group of learned persons is also a part of it. But if some body deserves to be deputy of Prophet, they are only Imams of Mosques who are regularly guiding the believers to follow the right path and the teachings of Islam.
Imams of mosques can be the most vibrant section of Muslim society. Is it not the system of nature that all communities have to establish institutions for their welfare and evolve proper mechanism to run it. But it is a living example of cohesiveness of Islam that it provides a natural system of coordination for the guidance of people five times a day in hundreds of thousands mosques through a number of Imams all over the world. The only problem is that we have not adopted this system in good spirit and probably we have not yet realised its full potential and the benefits derived therefrom.
The target of reforming the society could be achieved very easily and in concrete manner through these mosques and under the leadership of their Imams and no other system or manner is a match to it. Now the need of the hour is that such a central system for the coordination of the Imams of mosques, having a network from centre to States, Districts, Towns, Villages, Mohallas and Streets be set up.. Training camps for the Imams of mosques be duly arranged in which training is imparted with respect to the strategy to be adopted in the light of problems being faced by community.
This arrangement should be made by availing of the
services of all the Imams of Jama Masjids of entire country at central
level and under the leadership of Imams of Jama Masjid of State capital
at state level. Adopting the same pattern, this arrangement may be made
under the leadership of Imam of Jama Masjid of the District at District
level and under the leadership of Imam of Jama Masjid of a town comprising
the Imams of Masjids in the villages under that town at town level.
There should be an advisory council at Central level consisted of all
the Imams of Jama Masjids of State capitals. At the state level Imam
of Jama Masjid of each state capital would be the chairman of his state
and he would establish an advisory council comprising of the Imams of
all Districts and it would directly be responsible to the Central Advisory
Council. Similarly, District Advisory Council must be comprised of the
Imams of all the mosques falling in towns and villages of the district
and the Imams of District Jama Masjids should head the council. In this
way, a useful and strong system would be established throughout the
country which would make it possible to reform the thinking of Indian
Muslims and propagate religious values uninterruptedly and at the same
time the conspiracies against Muslim community will be dealt with firmly.
Decision in each sphere of life will also be taken on the basis of right
path and as per religious requirements. It will become easy to fight
against social evils and the people would be able to transform their
Today, the position is that the Imams of the mosques are in such a pitiable position that they are hardly supporting themselves and their respective families. We daily pray to God for the supremacy of Islam but when the opportunity comes our way, we are proved zero. Are we not inviting divine wrath by not respecting deputies of Prophet? This should be remembered that if we do not pay attention to pay respect and honor to the post of deputy to Prophet, then we will neither be organized nor could regain our prestige. I hope that my humble request will be acceded to and my prayers will not go unanswered.
I respectfully request our Imams that if they desire worldly comforts and their apparent allurements then they may not perform this duty and adopt any other source of livelihood. Mosques are abode of God and it is not good to use them for business or other purposes. The duty of Imam should be performed in mosques as per religious requirements. It is observed at some places that people are using the mosques for their personal gains and purposes. Such sorts of practices are not proper. Let me admit that though the Muslims have been supporting Imams economically but there is need for a well planned scheme. It should not be in the form of charity; it should be coupled with dignity and sense of self esteem.
The personality, character, dealings, practices, morality etc of the Imam of a mosque are always under strict vigil of Muslim community and also of those who regularly offer prayers there. Every Muslim has in his mind a very good image of Imam. He has a desire to follow him and also takes guidance from him. Therefore, it is necessary that a positive and solid initiative should be taken with reference to the role of Imams. Similarly, the Imams of mosques should also maintain their prestige so that mosque may play an important role in bringing the whole community within its fabric transforming the fact of this scattered and pitiable community through revolution and we may also be able to protect ourselves from the misleading concepts in the community.
Masjid Qila-i-Kohna, Old Fort Delhi
There are thousands of mosques in various parts of India, where prayers are not allowed to be offered and they continue to be a part of various historical buildings and structures. The Archeological survey of India maintains these historical buildings so that their historical and cultural heritage is transferred to the next generation. However, there is a basic difference between mosques/places of worship and other historical buildings. A historical building requires only protection but a mosque, being a place of worship, besides the protection, also requires its sanctity to be preserved. Besides, it is also expected that prayers should be allowed to be offered there. In this behalf following demands are put to Government of India for its perusal and consideration.
DEMANDS TO THE GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
The Archeological Survey of India should entrust the management of all these mosques to Wakf Boards so that in order to ensure the sanctity of these mosques, respective wakf boards may take steps to appoint regular Imams like other mosques and in this way all these mosques will be available for prayers.
Amendment, if necessary in the constitution or any other law is required for doing so, the same may be done. Similar steps may be taken in respect of the places of other religions so that the sentiments of persons following other religions may also receive the same treatment.
"By accepting these demands and implementing the same, the Government of India may prove that it respects the sentiments of the followers of different religions. It will be fulfilling the long pending demand which the Muslim community has been making to different governments."
MUSLIM PERSONAL LAW
It is a very delicate and sensitive issue. It is directly related to what is contained in Shariah, Hadith, Fiquah (the diagnostic theology of Muslim) etc. Islam is a complete code of conduct for all walks of life and it is the duty of every Muslim to comply. However, in a secular country like India, two sets of laws may be harmoniously made and followed to meet different situations always remain a debatable issue. The constitution of India has provided express safeguards to all sections in respect of personal law and freedom of religion. But it is a matter of great concern that whenever Muslims feel that the safeguards and guarantees provided in constitution are inadequate and demand more effective legislation on the subject, communal elements begin to raise the unnecessary issue of two sets of law in one country. Such issues are highlighted by the media unnecessarily and it appears to be incompatible with healthy journalism. The fact is that this issue is not related to Indian Muslims only but is related to entire Indian Society.
The Necessary Explanation
We want each other not to interfere in religious matters.
We also refrain from doing anything that hurts religious feelings of
people professing a different faith but our preaching is different from
One must note that for every creation, there is a creator. Likewise, there is some creator of the world as well and He is Almighty Allah. He regulates the affairs of the world and will continue to do so for ever. He knows everything about everything, present, past and future He has the knowledge of hidden things.
It may also be remembered that the life of mankind is transient and it may come to an end at any moment. Whenever one is nervous and is in difficult times begins to remember Allah. How much intellectual and wise a human being may be but he can see only what is visible to the naked eye. He can not see behind the curtain. A poor human being cannot understand the present world which has been in existence for millions of years within such a short span of life. One must not try to transgress in this sphere. Let them explore other areas.
It is not a myth; rather it is substantial truth that Muslims cannot afford any compromise in fundamental tenets, teachings and ethics of religion. Hence, their constitutional right of religious freedom should never be eroded. They had also adopted this constitution along with their countrymen. Even in matters pertaining to Muslim Personal Law, their actions are always within the framework of the constitution of India.
Certain Demands to the Government of India
HOLY QURAN AND OBJECTIONS
Some wrong, baseless and misleading tendencies have emerged in the present day society. Now religious scriptures and tenets of various religions have become target of criticism.
Prior to dealing with the subject directly it would be better that some basic terms and issues are explained so that a decisive conclusion may be drawn.
What is Belief?
It has reached us in two forms.
We find Iman in the following form.
"After the revelation of Quran, the Shariah (permissible and non permissible) of Bible, Zabur (the Psalms of David) and Taurat (the Old Testament) come to an end but their sanctity/relevance/utility as Holy Books and the content, contained therein, remain intact, barring those portions, where amendments (new Shariah Laws) have come. And this is absolutely logical. Rules of business may change but the essence gets never."
Basic Difference Between the Believers
Iman is based on our firm belief in religion whereas yaqeen is related to worldly tenets, theories and principles which go on changing with the passage of time. Some time two contradictory views could be noted at the single point of time. Every one tries to take precedence over the A Few Demands other. Hence, there is always scope for change in worldly tenets. And it is also acknowledged.
These are worldly persons who consider Quran as a personal
creation and are feeling the need for the changes in it as they have
been changing their theories, thoughts and principles from time to time.
Therefore, it becomes necessary for them to understand the depth of
above mentioned subject and should not raise objections just for the
sake of objections. If some body doesn't like our attitude, he is free
to consider himself right and us wrong but should refrain from giving
lesson to us. We have expressed our faith and this is our personal matter.
They have no right to interfere in our religious matter as we have none.
Freedom of expression does not mean hurting the sentiments of a particular class of the society. If it is so, we oppose the concept of the unfettered liberty of expression. The government should formulate such code of conduct which can check the misuse of freedom of expression, as discussed under the heading of Muslim Personal Law.
BABRI MASJID DISPUTE
A view of the Babri Mosque, pre-1992.
On 6th December, 1992, more than four hundred years old historic Babri Masjid was demolished by eroding all moral values, defying all laws, disobeying orders of the Apex court, committing contempt of court in open as if there was no rule of law, shamelessly violating all international norms and provisions of all international human rights instruments which have now assumed universal character, throwing secular ethos of our composite culture to winds, and presenting a picture depicting people of a country that was aspiring to become a permanent member of the Security Council, as savages . After all there are certain norms even in madness. Our judiciary, executive and the political clan would not have been in such a state of helplessness than in the present situation in the history of independent secular India when even the term `secularism' had to take refuge as it had become alien in its own country. It all happened only a few kilometers away from a military presence. The whole country and its decisive majority was in a shock .The entire country was in turmoil and life in all spheres of activities was completely paralyzed. The Supreme Court took its notice and appointed the central government as the receiver of 66 acres of land in Ayodhya and granted permission for the construction of temporary temple there. Whatever remained at the place of mosque after its demolition is a complete temple in which the idol of Ram Lala is placed. Puja Archana is taking place regularly and Muslims have no access to that place. Litigation is going on in the courts. Librahan commission is conducting enquiry of the entire incident and is likely to submit its report shortly. The country is looking forward for its decisive solution through the court or by mutual talks. We are left with no option but to keep our fingers crossed. 20 crores Muslims, the self respecting community paid further price for the demolition by sacrificing their lives in post Ayodhya anti Muslim riots. It was a very typical situation. The sufferer was made to suffer further and those who had made them suffer had gone
||Interior View under the right dome, with the octagonal fountain used for ablutions in the foreground. Under the Central dome (where the mihrab used to be) was placed an idol of Lord Rama separated from this area by a large canvas screen, for several years, before the mosque was sealed by the UP Government, both Muslims and Hindus offered prayers here.|
|Scot free and roaming free throughout the country and getting applause from their admirers. It appeared that the constitution, the political clan, the secular lobby, the Muslim leadership and their big and small organizations failed miserably to save the lives, properties, respect, dignity of innocent and oppressed Muslims including women folk. . The Indian Muslims got nothing except formal lip service. Now there is hardly any hope of the resolution of this dispute which is the core issue between the two biggest communities living in India. It is frequently suggested that the Babri Masjid dispute can be resolved in two ways firstly through court and secondly by way of mutual talks through a formula acceptable to the parties and without hurting the sentiments of both. Apparently it seems to be equitable but arriving at any decision or consensus is hard nut to crack. However, we should not give up hope|
|One of the columns of the Babri Mosque. Some Hindus say it came from a Temple under the site, particularly noting the two flowers (far top of photo) which they say are Hindu-associated lotus motifs, however this motif is common in mosques of that period.|
We should keep in mind that every follow up action or positive initiative must be preceded by good intention and transparency. Hippocratic approach will not do. Similar things have always been happening with Muslim problems and their solutions and so are happening now. Our problems receive attention only on the eve of some election and then they meet the fate of an office file sent to record room. Everybody is a witness to it. In this age of science and Information Technology Muslims are being allured by the appointment of Urdu teachers and the establishment of Urdu, Persian or Arabic university. Do the Muslims of this country not require engineering, medical or IT colleges? Is there no need for making the opportunities of employment available by establishing big industrial units in places where they are in majority, providing better health care and education, implementing government schemes judiciously, providing reservation in government jobs and legislatures? Probably, it is no body's agenda. Self reliant Muslim community does not fit into their schemes of things. Let them remain ignorant, backward and oppressed.
|Pictured is a six foot (2 m) window grill of the Babri mosque, These were six in number and so positioned to allow cool air, to sweep through the mosque the grills were a fine example of Islamic two-dimensional geometry. These together with the thick walls and high roof kept the interior cool. A large number smaller Roshandans were installed only for light with intricate geometrical patterns|
During the regime of NDA Government, led by BJP all the Muslim Institutions or minority institutions like national and state minority commissions, central and state Haj committees, Dargah committee Khwaja Sahib, Central Wakf Board, Maulana Azad Educational Foundation, National and State minority financial corporations and Urdu academies etc.also continued to work normally like Congress regime. All have been using and exploiting us as per their formulae.
|The Babri Mosque Arcade. Following the traditional hypostyle plan imported from Western Asia, this opened to a large walled courtyard with a deep drinking water well.|
|At one stage Advani Ji had stated that temple should be constructed there itself that means at the place where originally Masjid stood. Mr. Vajpayee was talking to remove the hurdles but his views on the subject were also almost identical. All the "secular political parties" of this country are in favour of the construction of the temple. The difference is in language and statements, inner is the same. The difference is seen only apparently and Muslims are tempted to take their political decisions. Vajpayee wanted to solve the dispute through mutual talks and the entire country is also of the same view. But let me tell my Muslim sisters, brothers, mothers and fathers that all of them want the construction of temple and none the razed masjid. It is a bitter fact. At the time of each election this issue comes up with a new spirit and the political parties exploit it for attracting the voters in their own way. The reality is that in this period of hypocrisy, sincerity has been buried. It is time to play fraud or to be at the receiving end.|
|Showing Kar Sevaks shouting slogans in front of the mosque on the day of its destruction in 1992.|
|With reference to Babri Masjid I want to tell few things to people. When this issue began, the term was only Babri Masjid. It becomes Babri Masjid- Ram Janambhumi when lock was opened, thereafter, Ram Jamanbhumi- Babri Masjid and now it is Ram Janam Bhumi or Ayodhya issue or disputed structure but it is refrained to mention mosque. As I stated above, Indian Muslims have already suffered a lot, their leadership has failed miserably and all the political parties have reached a consensus for the construction of temple and if the court also decides in favour of temple, Muslims shall be back to square one. If the court decides against the temple, will it be acceptable to majority community? Not at all. Can the Indian Muslims point out a single political party or a political leader who can get this decision implemented. Truth is always bitter. "This community may get rid of future mischief by accepting the ground realities and respecting religious sentiments of majority community and there is no alternative.|
This thinking is being given a wide publicity." Now
the question is whether Muslims have no religious sentiments, definitely
they have. Do we have such courage required to face such a situation?
Probably not, we are in minority, scattered, and have day today dealings
with majority. Mutual hatred, riots and killings are destroying us regularly.
We lost lives and properties unilaterally. We are economically ruined.
We can not get assistance from any where, no convict of riots has been
sentenced so far, and we don't have leadership even at local level what
to talk of national level. We talk much but do nothing. Bodies like
Personal Law Board, All Indian Babri Masjid action committee do not
have persons who can be said to be popular in Muslim community. Most
of our "National Leaders" are not capable of winning a corporation
seat without the support of a political party. They are either frightened
to contest or are deadly sure of
This country has a decisive majority of Ahl-e-Sunnat-wal-Jamat with headquarter at Bareilly. Then it is Deobandi school of thought which has its religious leadership in Dar-ul-Uloom Deoband. These organizations are not the alternative of either religious leadership or political leadership. Then the question is as to where is the solution of the problem?
In real sense it is purely a problem of shariah. In this regard my stand is very clear. The place on which mosque, Mimber and Musalla were constructed, from where the Azan (the call for prayer) started to be pronounced and where prayers were observed five times a day that place from ground to sky and from under the earth to the highest heaven is mosque and will remain so. There is no any scope for give and take. In case of such situation the sole method to resolve this issue is Dar-ul-Ifta. Questionnaire may be prepared and that too at the level of institutions so that the scope of taking another Fatwah by preparing another questionnaire may be ruled out. This work may be undertaken by All India Muslim Personal Law Board and All India Babri Masjid Action Committee together who are associated with judicial proceedings of Babri Masjid dispute and probably it is also their right. The problem is referred to Muftis representing different schools of thought at Dar-ul- Ifta, Bareily. Deoband, Banaras and Lucknow etc. So far as All Indian India Muslim Personal Law Board is concerned, its status is recognized with reference to Personal Law. All acknowledge it and no body has any objection. But the dispute like Babri Masjid issue is out of its jurisdiction. This stand is supported and advocated by Dar-ul-Uloom Deoband, Bareilly Sharif, Shahi Imam Jama Masjid, Delhi, Kul Hind Tanzeem Aimma Masajid, Delhi, Dargah Ajmer Sharief, and Anjuman Moinya Fakhriya Chishtiya. This institution shall become dignified if it keeps itself away from politics and political activities. Moreover, it is not an alternative to Dar-ul-Ifta. Today the Muslims of the world in general and Indian Muslims in particular are required to further centralize the Dar-ul-Ifta system so that the people may get a mandate of Shariah in minimum time on disputes of complicated nature. It was not long ago when a fatwa issued in respect of sacrifice of Cow was given though it is not new but has received lot of applause and praise in the entire country and specially by Majority community. I would also like to add that even today if we can find any sort of leadership and organizational set up, it is in the religious field. Social and political fields do not accept us. We are almost deprived. For example there is no dispute that Bareilly Sharif is the religious leadership for the Ahle-e-Sunnat Wal-Jamat living in India and also a center for this school of thought. Da-rul-Uloom, Deoband also possesses the same place for its followers called Deobandis. They enjoy their importance and utility as per their status. The decision of these two centers in religious matters is acceptable by the Muslims living not only in India but in the entire sub-continent. Thus, my humble submission is that most of our problems are linked with our religious faith or school of thought then why these can not be decided by these centers and their leadership. The conclusion is that political issues be dealt with by politicians and the questions of religion and Shariah by theologists.
H A J
A view of performing Haj
The Present System and Reforms
Haj is one of the five pillars of Islam and every Muslim, be a male or female, who has the capacity, financial or otherwise, wants to perform it. Therefore, Haj system and the reforms required to be carried out are of prime importance to every Muslim.
It is also a fact that every Muslim has a keen desire to perform Haj. However, this pilgrimage is becoming difficult because of its increasing expenses day by day. In order to overcome these hardships, it is essential to point out the problems but at the same time it will also be appropriate to analyze the present situation.
Since the performance of Haj involves journey to a foreign country it is essential to follow all international norms. However, Government of India may simplify the procedure; curtail the expenditure likely to be incurred on travel, and make other facilities available like medical assistance, availability of foreign exchange and tickets on easy terms, exemption from certain taxes, making the travel safe etc. Here I admit that Government has been providing substantial facilities to fortunate Haj Pilgrims. But at the same time, it cannot be said that the system is foolproof. Some discrepancies are likely to be crept in. Necessary steps may be taken to make good of such deficiencies so that the journey become further comfortable and it will also fulfill the long pending desire of Indian Muslims.
An autonomous National Haj Commission is established immediately.
Morality, straight forwardness, truth, honesty, submission
to Allah in all circumstances, human values, harmonious relations with
neighbors and others, spirit of reciprocation etc are not only of paramount
importance in Islam but for Iman good morality is a prime condition.
The life of last Prophet Mohammad is full of piety and moral values.
The standard of morality set in by the Prophet was subsequently followed
by Sahabas (companions of Prophet) and later on by Tebeien
(companions of the companions of Prophet) and Tabe Tabeien
(companions of the companions of Prophet Mohammad's companions) and
presented such a unique example of morality that no other society has
been able to provide. What to talk of others, we the Muslims cannot
reach that height. It is the righteousness, high standard of morality,
simplicity, soft spokenness, hospitality, judicious approach, equal
treatment to all and such other qualities that have helped Muslim saints
to preach Islamic teachings to masses. Such a big population of Muslims
in this piece of land is its physical
The Present Situation
It is really painful that we have completely ignored our rich heritage. Our traditions and values have become history. If the comparison is made between our lives and the lives of Prophet, Caliphs, Martyrs of Karbala we will stand no where. Why is it so? It requires pondering. Is it not the same root cause of our collective deterioration, downtroddeness, poverty, illiteracy, ignorance, deprivation, etc.? Yes it is. If we want our betterment and existence we should follow the right path shown by Prophet Mohammad and Islam.
"Youths are killing themselves and the innocent knowingly through suicide attacks. But whether this is being done according to Shariah and after getting the opinion of scholars of repute? Definitely not. Does Islam have no respect for human life? Of course have! Where are we going? Are we directionless? Those who are misguiding the youths through misinterpretation of religion, Are they not doing much greater harm to the faith and its sanctity than its hostile opponents. Of course yes! The main guilty are those who are instigating these youths to take to extreme militant tendencies"
Had we been True Muslims?
A true Muslim must possess the following qualities:
MUSLIM WAKF AND COMMUNITY WELFARE
This problem is of vital importance for Muslims because it is their lifeline and is directly related to their development and social upliftment. This problem is concerned with those Wakf properties which have been under unauthorized occupation and many false and frivolous claims are made in respect of such properties every now and then. A number of cases are pending in various Lower and Higher courts for several years. There are also such Wakf properties on which government, semi government or purely non government institutions, organizations and parties have raised residential, official and commercial complexes and that too without paying any compensation to respective Wakf boards. Some of the lands have been grabbed by the central and state governments in the name of green belt. Education institutions are established on a few lands. In order to really appreciate the actual state of affairs, we have to understand some basic concepts.
What is Wakf?
Wakf is the appropriation or dedication of land, property, aspects, Money or institutions, the use of which necessarily be made according to the wishes or will of the person who had bequeathed those things.
Need and Reasons for Creation of Wakf
Well off persons, organizations or parties or in old times Kings, Princes, Princess, Nawabs, Jagidars or Zamindars etc. used to create Wakfs for the Muslim society or weaker and poor sections within the said society to support them. These Wakfs were called Wakf -al-Allah. These Wakfs were created to provide some lands to graveyards, Mosques, and tombs of holy persons and to meet the expenditure in respect thereof. Some lands, properties and assets were used to be bequeathed for general welfare of the people by creating Wakf Al-Allah. These Wakfs were created in accordance with Shariah as a virtue act of getting rewards (especially of obedience to Allah). This is also Sadqa-e-Jariya (Alms, the benefits of which shall continue to pour in).
Present State Of Wakf Properties
Number of Wakf properties is dwindling day by day due to inefficient and ineffective functioning of Wakf boards, Misappropriation and embezzlement, government apathy and above all irresponsible behavior of Muslim community at large. Wakf properties are being grabbed or manipulated in collusion with police officers that is the executive on one hand and dishonest members and employees of the board on the other hand. Some of the properties are in litigation and some are under unauthorized occupation on which educational, commercial and office complexes have come up.
So far as the accomplishment of real objectives of Wakf is concerned, particularly with reference to their role in general welfare of Muslims, there are many legal obstacles but at the same time undesirable elements are free to grab Wakf properties. This is the true state of affairs.
Demands to the Government of India.
In order to remove unauthorized possessions from the Wakf properties, Wakf Tribunals must be established in all the districts of each state of the country in accordance with Wakf Act, 1995. Central and state governments to ensure that their decisions are implemented by concerned Departments honestly and sincerely.
An innocent Muslim under attack from
The foundation of civilized society is based on the principle of co-existence in which internal differences and diversities do not become the cause of mutual confrontation and hatred but develop in such a form of individuality in which in spite of possessing different forms, structures and personalities they are known as one nation, society and community and the civilization. Indian society is a living example of co-existence and pluralistic social structure. It is not only our national dignity that matters but also our individual recognition. Since we believe in unity in diversity and that too in such a unique way that every individual unit has absolute freedom to promote and develop it, we should sincerely strive for it in a healthy environment and there should be no scope for separatism. National interest must always be paramount and there should be no compromise on national security and national pride should never be at stake and sentiments of anyone should not be aroused and feelings hurt. It means unity is based on factors of unity and not on factors of disunity and discord. It should all be done within constitutional framework and it should be a model to be presented to the whole world for laurels and not condemnation.
Hindu-Muslim riots having started before the partition of India itself and continuing till date have not only resulted in heavy loss of life and property but they have also affected our economic nerve centers badly. Such sort of tendencies should be nipped in the bud if we have to move along with or ahead of big industrial nations of the world. Changing international scenario is also requiring us to mend our ways.
Persons belonging to the minority as well as majority communities are expected to reform themselves, change their attitudes and set up new moral and social trends. They should not do anything that hurts feelings of any individual or group of persons.
"We all the citizens of the land, irrespective of any consideration for faith, cast, colour and creed together constitute the Indian society. We must learn to share each other's happiness and sorrow. All of us are flowers of the same orchard and each flower in this orchard must get a chance to blossom and no one should be allowed to snatch this right or pollute the fragrance of these blossoming flowers. The fragrance of Indian flowers is matchless and come what may it should be kept away from the match box. "
As far as Hindu-Muslim communal riots are concerned, identification of the causes must precede their solution and then the suggestions shall follow. The last thing would be to convert these suggestions into demands and put them before the government formally.
Some Healthy Signs
Proposed Action Plan to Control Riots
"A ban should be imposed on the use of places of worship and religious institutions for furthering political ends, political or politicized expressions, criticizing government and its policies, state or national leadership, supporting or opposing a political ideology or political dispensation organizing political protests or exhibiting any material relating to politics. Mixing of politics with religion can not be permitted in a secular constitutional order. Places of worship are sacred places and their sanctity must be maintained by those who lead, perform, facilitate, perpetuate or administer the prayers or arrangements therein. Even the use of loudspeakers needs to be regulated. "
Legislation may be brought to make it obligatory for media to report communally sensitive matters objectively and in such a way that communal harmony is not disturbed. It should, however be done within the parameters of Article 19 of the constitution which guarantees full freedom of press.
"It is incumbent upon intellectuals that they present the history of the country to present and future generations in such a way which positively contributes in creating the atmosphere of pleasant relationship among the followers of different religions and also in the review of such portions of curriculum which creates general hostility and subsequently damage the prevailing communal harmony in the society"
"Healthy inter- community relationship is the best security for communal harmony".
"People with such secular credentials reassure the minorities of their safe future in the country. In the back drop of all these circumstances, the positive aspect is that all the secular parties, government and non government human rights institutions and even the judiciary have taken a serious notice of the one sided atrocities committed on Muslims in Gujarat, the details of which have been mentioned at a number of places. It shows that conscience of India is still alive and even today secularism is not a dead force and it continues to be the backbone of Indian democracy"
First of all it is clarified that it is absolutely a wrong notion that Urdu is the language of Muslims. As a matter of fact, it belongs to entire country and the whole of Indian nation. It is an integrated part of our composite culture. It has derived words from all Indian languages. Freedom struggle, national unity and communal harmony are such concepts that may loose their relevance if they are separated from Urdu. The role played by Urdu and Urdu poets in freedom struggle as also their role in promoting patriotism and safeguarding secular traditions is not denied even by its strongest critics. Those who do not acknowledge it, may be described as ignorant or those denying a reality deliberately have to be termed as fascists. It is the language which gave patriotic songs and poems which cultivate in us an utmost sense of nationalism and communal harmony like;
"Sarfaroshi Ki Tamanna Ab Hamare Dil Main Hai
Dekhna hai zor kitna bazoo-e-qatil mein hai"
The language in which our national song is written and by reciting it the proud Indian soldier sacrifice his life can not be attributed to a particular community. It is open injustice to this language. In my opinion it will also be injustice to patriotism and Indianness assimilated in this language. Let us do justice to this purely Indian language .Justice can not be done to this language till it is used for official business and Urdu knowing people get adequate employment opportunity.
In India, crores of people speak, read and write Urdu. There are more than 3,00,000 Urdu medium schools/institutions running in the country in which millions of students are studying. All these things demand justice to Urdu and Urdu speaking people. The government may do justice to this oppressed language only by way of implementing the recommendations of Gujral Committee and Ali Sardar Jafri Committee in respect of promotion of Urdu language. There are other aspects too which are exclusively related to Muslims. It will not be out of place to discuss them here.
At last I also consider it necessary to state that government officials, all political parties and organizations should make efforts for the development and promotion of Urdu language whole heartedly. The issue of language should not be communalized and termed as pro-Muslim attitude or policy of appeasement.
Besides, Muslim leaders should also treat it as a national problem and not as a Muslim problem which may create misunderstanding and hamper its development.
SAPARATE MUSLIM CENSUS
Today if the government datas' are compared with private datas' we will find a basic and wide gap, the responsibility of which basically lies on the government and then on Indian Muslims. It is a very sensitive issue with which the questions of participation and proportion in various national institutions are directly related. Muslim population in India is not only the biggest minority but it is also the second largest majority. However, its participation and representation in national institutions is almost negligible. Such a big population and so much ineffective. Hats off to all governments. It is not only a community problem but also a national issue.
Importance Of Proper Census
Proper Census: Community Responsibility and Expectations
It is also a very important community and national issue which require immediate attention of all national and state political parties and their leaders in addition to minority leaders and organizations and parties. It is necessary for the following reasons:
Judiciary is directly concerned with the rendering of justice, implementing of laws and maintaining supremacy of the constitution.
Executive runs the administration of the country. It is directly concerned with availability of all facilities for development and welfare activities.
Legislatures have to ensure overall development of the country in such a manner that each and every section of the society derives its benefits. These institutions cannot make proper deliberations till proper representation of all sections is not ensured.
This is the reason that sense of non participation and non representation has become a major problem of Indian Muslims and other minorities. The present situation is so sad that the youth is developing a feeling of unrest and a feeling of deprivation is also emerging. Such feelings are neither good nor healthy trends for Indian polity. It is therefore, suggested that reservation in the present scenario has become inevitable. The formula given below can be the just and most equitable basis to provide political, social and economic justice to all the citizens of India as the same is enshrined in the preamble of Indian constitution.
Scheduled castes, scheduled tribes and backward classes are getting substantial benefits on the premise of principle of proper representation but 17 percent Muslims (single largest minority) who are educationally and economically more backward are having empty bowls in their hands. Recent efforts of the government ,that is, setting up of Sachhar committee and the setting up of a National Commission for Religious and Linguistic minorities are appreciable but they should be given ample time to do a serious exercise otherwise hurriedly delivered goods may not be so good a food to eat . Today there is a proposal to reserve 33 percent seats in the legislatures for women but reservation for Muslims appears to be a distant dream. The rights of Muslim women are always discussed in the context of Muslim Personal Law but when the question of their proportionate representation in legislatures comes a communal approach is adopted and no one speaks of their reservation in proportion of their population amongst women of India, which may be roughly 17%. Considering their population to be 17 percent, they should be given proportionate representation in legislatures, executive, judiciary, education and employment in order to prove the legitimacy of constitutional claims of democracy, secularism, social justice and equality. Same procedure should be adopted at state level so that the targets of sharing participation and representation may be achieved both at central and state level. The Muslim Agenda which is given in this book covers the specifics in this regard.
Such quota will create a self confidence amongst Muslims.
They shall be able to get better education and develop healthy and better
thinking. A determination to meet the requirements of modern time and
adopting the thinking accordingly would be developed. It would also
help in keeping them away from orthodox and outdated approach. The share
in the overall development of the country would be proper and proportionate.
Educational development is possible only with the acceleration of the
pace of educational advancement of Muslims. Welfare of Muslims is the
welfare of the whole Indian community of which they are an integral
part. It is the duty of the whole nation to see that no segment of the
society remains backward. In view of this peculiar situation reservation
must be provided in the educational institutions to Muslim children.
It will bring a considerable chunk of Indian population out of the web
of illiteracy and ignorance. And reservation of jobs for them will further
A Community Perspective
India is known in the entire world for its unique social and political structure and identity. It is the biggest democracy of the world, which by successfully completing more than five decades of its journey has presented an example for other countries especially for Asian countries to be followed. The foundation of democratic institutions is strong and all schools of thought and political institutions have full opportunities of participation in governance and enjoy freedom to achieve their goals within the framework of the constitution. All world religions, political and social thoughts, languages, cultures and civilizations have opportunity to grow in this country. In spite of having so many contradictions, there is no danger to its security, integrity, existence and sovereignty. It is the beauty of Indian society that, as stated above, it is like an orchard which allows different kinds of flowers to blossom and plants to come up. However, such elements are also there in our society like any other society who wants to impose their thoughts upon others. Evidence can be found from world history that even in the case of bigger civilizations, wherever and whenever efforts were made to impose a particular thought upon people, the integrity and existence of the country got endangered. Communist countries are its living example. Religious and cultural freedom is the birth right of every human being and its protection ensures integrity, unity, security and existence of a country.
In this context, the constitution and its provisions are of great significance. We also have a constitution like any other country which guarantees equal rights to all sections of the society. Besides freedom of religion, freedom of expression and speech has also been guaranteed. Contradictory thoughts can also develop freely within constitutional restrictions. In other words, people can have divergent views on religion as also on other issues. Opportunities have also been provided to all languages and cultures to develop and flourish. Freedom to establish institutions has also been provided. Educational system and curriculum are based on secular values. In other words, constitution of India considers the formation of such society as its target in which every person, group, organization, party, institution, thought, theory and thinking has the opportunity and freedom to work and develop itself on the basis of equality and mutual existence. State will remain impartial in such matters but it is always subject to reasonable restrictions. By virtue of such provisions, followers of Islam, Hinduism, Jainism. Buddhism, Christianity, Sikhism and all other religions are preaching and practicing their respective religions. None has precedence over the other.
India is a secular state which means that the state shall not adopt any particular religion as its official religion; rather in matters of religions the principle of impartiality and neutrality shall be applied. Now the whole world acknowledges that different religions, cultures, civilizations, moral values and traditions can emerge in the form of a healthy society only if total influence of secularism is reflected in all spheres of life. A civilized society always accepts the supremacy of law and its due implementation as its philosophy and acts upon accordingly. There may be difference of opinion, disputes may arise, various sections may be in a face to face situation and it may look as if confrontation is the only way out and there is no scope for reconciliation but in spite of all such constraints many disputes have been solved through reconciliatory and peaceful methods. Such a situation is always considered as a healthy situation and a positive trend. But when practiced, it is felt that the religious faith, traditions, ceremonies and values of majority have precedence over such institutions of the minority community or communities and Muslims, in particular, are the victims of narrow mindedness, communalism and exploitation at each level. Rights are guaranteed but are not being granted in full. The reason is obviousnumerical strength of the majority community which always prevails. I am convinced with this natural phenomenon but at the same time minority should not be completely subdued. Such sort of attitude towards minorities is neither a constitutional requirement nor a part of social and political wisdom.
Not only this, rights of the minorities are obtained indirectly. In other words they are dependent on positive and objective behavior of the majority community.
Though Indian Muslims are numerically a minority but it is not correct to treat a big population of 20 crores as minority. It is not only a constitutional obligation but also a moral duty to take care of the requirements of such a great population in a dignified manner. There are number of laws but there is question mark on their implementation. In this regard, experts in law should play their positive and decisive role. It requires concerted efforts on the part of law teachers, advocates and above all the three organs-legislatures, executive and judiciary. Former judges, human rights activists and practicing advocates in different quotes of the country can play a pivotal role in ensuring, granting and implementing of constitutional rights of the minorities. Muslims belonging to these categories must also remain vigilant and play their role.
Today Indian Muslims are facing new challenges and they are a bit restless. They require services of Muslim jurists to get rid of it. I have no doubt that in milli spirit a comprehensive initiative is yet to be taken.
"Though different forums of advocates are working at different levels but the situation warrants a cohesive effort and a demand for nodal forum comprised of former chief justices, judges, university law teachers, eminent jurists, brilliant or senior advocates, law officers , legislative draftsmen etc. may be formed who, in turn, may find and suggest ways to concerned agencies and institutions regarding faithful application of constitutional provisions and provisions of other laws concerning minorities and drafting of new laws".
Such legal experts may sit together to find solution of the relevant issues. For example, the matter of uniform civil code may be referred to them. Certain mischievous elements in Hindu community are out and out to derecognize our identity which is a practical impossibility in this civilized world. Their only mission is to demoralize Muslims and hurt their religious feelings and deprive them of their religious rights. They want to undo what is ordained in Quran .They also want to create a gap between Muslim males and females by raising bogus issues regarding maintenance and divorce etc. though such issues were settled long ago. If there is frequent intervention in our family laws and family system our religiously and scientifically developed laws and family system will die an unnatural death. Hindu fundamentalists want to create confusion and they are interested only in wiping out of this religiously faithful class so that they may have neutral society of their choice though they are always against such reforms in their own personal laws. It was not long ago when Hindu code bill was opposed by these elements with tooth and nail. How could it be checked?
The incident of Babri Masjid indicates the future plans of these Hindu fundamentalists and it has aggravated the situation further. They pretend that rule of law, laws and the constitution may have some meaning to Muslims but they are immune and can do whatever they like including taking law in their own hands and even openly defying orders of the Supreme Court and throwing all norms of morality to winds, as also mentioned in the earlier chapter.
Karsewaks shattered the supremacy of judiciary, executive and legislature by demolishing Babri Masjid. Such things should not happen in future. During Anti Muslim riots lakhs of innocent people died and the properties worth hundreds of crores of rupees were destroyed but till date reports of the enquiry commissions are away from the public eye. The accused have been identified but they are yet to be punished. Besides, no proper compensation has been given to Muslims. Cases of the victims of Gujarat riots are being pursued by Non Muslims who should be commended and praised by all of us though it was our responsibility. The victims of Hindu Sikhs riots were paid compensation to the tune of lakhs of rupees but the Muslim victims of Malyana, Hashimpura, and Meerut etc. are in the queue and some of them might have died. Where does the majority want to push us? It will be decided by them only. We have to play an important and positive role to ensure that the victims of riots get proper compensation for their losses and financial assistance for their economic upliftment. The purpose will not be served by just repealing TADA and POTA. The need of the hour is to ensure that such draconian laws never find a place in our legislation. Efforts have been on to create a gulf between Indian Muslims and Majority Community by including non secular books in educational curriculum.
In a number of other matters like Wakf Act, Haj Affairs, Educational Institutions, legal hurdles in providing reservation for Muslims, depriving Muslims of their right of better representation by declaring Muslim dominated parliamentary or assembly constituency as reserved one etc., discriminatory decisions have become order of the day. Let it be the food of love for legal experts. Besides, we should also be vigilant of Anti Islamic and Anti Muslim elements and their conspiracies that frequently approach courts in matters relating to Holy Quran and Prophet Mohammad in the name of freedom of expression. Besides, in a number of so many other matters you are the hope for the community. Today, I feel that conspiracies are being hatched against Indian Muslims at institution level, the effects of which will gradually be seen in our society. Now there is strong apprehension of the loss of identity and recognition of Muslim community.
In this situation the need of the hour is that we should rise to the occasion. To realise the aforsaid objectives, an action plan is proposed later.
Internal view of the oldest Muslim Educational Institution
Education should be a prime area of importance and concern for any community. We, as a community need to understand that development and literacy are the two sides of the same coin. Till the demolition of Babri Masjid we were a community which can be carried away by passionate politics but thereafter, the Muslim mindset had changed drastically and all its attention got shifted towards education, employment, economic upliftment and social security.
"In South India and Maharashtra what Muslims have achieved in the education sector, Muslims in the northern belt are required to follow. For Example in
Kerala besides hundreds of Secondary and Senior Secondary schools they have three dozen Engineering colleges, two dozen Nursing & Teachers Training colleges, one Medical college and 100 other high education centers, Tamil Nadu has 27 Muslim Degree colleges, 12 Engineering colleges, 13 Polytechnic, 12 ITI and 125 Secondary & Senior Secondary schools, In Andhra Pradesh Muslims have 1000 Secondary & Senior secondary schools, 35 Engineering colleges, two Medical colleges, 12 Nursing colleges, 12 Pharmacy colleges, three Hotel Management Institute and 30 Arts & Science colleges, In Karnataka 3 Medical colleges, 6 Dental colleges, 30 Art & Science colleges, 15 MBA institutes, 10 MCA institutes, 50 Bachelor Education Institutes, 12 Nursing colleges and 20 Pharmacy colleges and in Maharashtra there are 1 Medical college, 12 Engineering colleges, 5 Hotel Management Institutes and 15 Arts & science colleges".
GENERAL UTILITY OF EDUCATION
Need for Reform in the Society
Sitaron se Aage Jahan Aur Bhi Hein
In order to solve these basic problems, Muslim intellectuals, Politicians, Islamic Institutes and centers for learning have to play their respective roles. They should take it in missionary spirit and establish academic, professional and non-professional institutions. They should also establish a network of educational institutions throughout the country. They have to pave the way for establishing educational institutions on Wakf land after getting the same vacated from unauthorized occupants. It should be done like a crusade in order to bring Muslims at par with other communities so that they are not remained confined to mosques and religious institutions. They should ensure their complete participation in such activities so that Muslims may be abreast with modern education and it should be treated as a pious act and Sadqa-e-Jariya (a perculating and recurring act of common good or community welfare). In this regard the services of Imams and Muslim scholars may also be availed of so that the outlook of a common Muslim gets changed positively.
Some Basic Suggestions
Muslim society must give up its pessimistic and reluctant attitude towards education. In order to keep the Muslims away from education after independence a conspiracy was hatched to keep them away from modern education and keep them involved in sentimental issues and passionate politics. Consequently our countrymen moved ahead and we continued to lag behind in all walks of life. Indian Muslims must realize the importance of education. Muslim leaders instead of arousing our passions for achieving their petty political ends should pay attention to solve our basic problems of education and employment. Only then we will be able to meet present and future challenges.
Receiving education besides being, religious is also a fundamental social and national duty/responsibility. Every body acknowledges it and there can not be two opinions about it. Government and semi government institutions, voluntary organizations and other establishments contribute and play their respective roles in this primary sector. It is a constitutional requirement that each citizen of the country must receive formal education. A network of institutions must be spread at national, state, district, town and village level for promotion of literacy and education.
Not only has this but the teacher who is recognized as builder of future generation had also a vital role to play. A teacher is a person who teaches, makes things understandable, makes his students read and write and conveys what others can not convey so effectively and convincingly, imparts formal and informal knowledge and presents himself as a model individual and citizen enjoys a very dignified position in the society and in case he or she discharges his or her duty honestly without any malice, fear or favour, he or she assumes the role of a crusader, a crusade acceptable to all.
Let us go ahead further with these questions i.e. who is a teacher? What is his role? What is his importance? What is the status and place of a teacher? One may get answers to most of these questions in the foregoing Para. To add we may say that he nourishes personalities of his students, he is a language expert, his accent, tone, tenor, dress, moral character, personality, behavior, attitude, style, outlook, social identity, extrovert qualities have a lasting impact on personality development of students. It is the character of a teacher that determines the character of students who, in turn, change the character of the society, community and the nation and then different nations give shape to the international character of this world which we call a global village. It is the teacher who provides best intellectuals, experts, statesmen, administrators and such other persons in all spheres of life and as such this class must be respected and taken in very high esteem.
In Islam, religion and society are not separable but are integral to each other. Today, the position of our society is that people contribute financially for the construction and development of religious institutions and mosques but are reluctant towards modern education. In the circumstances it is also expected that religious leadership at all levels should encourage the people to contribute financially for establishing modern and science education institutions like religious institutions and mosques. By doing so they will be discharging their obligations towards community and will also be able to give a strong reply to the misleading propaganda against Islam that it is a religion which is incompatible with modern age.
As far as other educational institutions are concerned, there is a network of community educational institutions all over the country along with government institutions at the level of primary, middle, Secondary and senior secondary.
The teachers who find an opportunity to teach in Muslim Educational Institutions are fortunate in the sense that Allah appointed them to serve Ummah and play a constructive role of imparting education to the coming generations. If they discuss sad tale of the community in the staff room every day and do not perform the assigned duties, it is the torture of academic justice and may rightly be termed as academic genocide. Such persons will not command respect in this world and they will be among losers on the Day of Judgment too.
Declining image of teachers, suspicious eyes of society towards them, loosening confidence of the students are ample evidence to believe their ineffective performance These educational institutions are invaluable assets of our community. No body will come to protect them. We are the guardians and protectors of these institutions. Let the teachers ponder over it and gird their loins to uphold their dignity. Let the students and parents react positively. If the guardian is weak, their wards will be weaker. Thus, the role of teachers is very crucial and decisive.
As stated above, in the field of higher education there are only three principal institutions i.e. Aligarh Muslim University, Jamia Millia Islamia and Jamia Hamdard to cater to the needs of 20 crores Muslim population. Just guess how important are they? Aligarh Muslim University was established during British rule. Jamia Millia Islamia was also established during British rule but it was the off shoot of nationalist movement. However, our nationalists and post-partition secular governments took several decades in converting it into a full fledged university. Jamia Hamdard is a unique example of personal effort, hard labour, devotion and sacrifice of another Sir Syed Janab Hakim Abdul Hameed Sahib. It was an uphill task but it was done without any hassles. Sir Syed had to run from pillar to post, from east to west and from north to south for raising funds when people in Delhi, his home town, had shown him the fist but another man from the same soil and this great historical city rewrote the history by establishing a university without any pomp and show. I see in Hakim Sahib a greater Sir Syed. These three institutions may be considered as academic brain of Indian Muslims. The students going out of these institutions after completing their studies are the assets of millat and a part of the national wealth who guide the millat and render service in different spheres of life. These three institutions and their teachers may work as think tank for Indian Muslims as also for those formulating policies.
R.S.S. has a think tank comprising of scholarly persons for rendering guidance on important issues. Why can't we have a think tank comprising of few hundred experts from different departments of these three institutions. Mere seminars or get-togethers will not do. Hence, it is my petty suggestion that the teachers should prepare themselves for rationalizing basic thinking of the students enabling them to meet future challenges.
It is a matter of great concern that proper academic atmosphere is missing in these institutions, though it may still be better than many other universities, and the teachers are not fulfilling the expectations of Muslim society and rendering desired service.
The restlessness among educated Muslim youth occasionally results in aggressive approach. Declining respect for teachers and non-maintenance of proper standard of education are indicative of a dark future. The need of the hour is to acknowledge these deficiencies, do self-retrospection and take remedial steps. It is not unfair to have such expectations from Milli Institutions. We must make efforts to run present institutions through comprehensive management on one hand and initiate the steps, by having recourse to concerned governments and non governmental organizations, to establish new institutions on the other hand so that the education may reach all classes of society. It is also worth mentioning that in order to increase the participation in religious and modern educational institutions some administrative system or mechanism may be evolved and set up to have better results.
An old man making shoes
The present age is the age of globalization, liberalization, privatization and open market economy. Liberal import-export policy, easy licensing procedure and gradual elimination of licensing system, easy loan from Banks and Financial Institutions, booming share market are such fundamental reforms and changes which have inspired business community to be more active and competitive and each class of the society is trying its best to get maximum benefits from these reforms and changes. But only a properly educated person and society can better understand the basics of these reforms and changes. Others are left with no option except repentance. At the same time, there are certain other problems that require proper attention and discussion:
Problems and Remedies
Indian Muslims can take assistance to push forward
their educational and economic proposals from central Wakf Council,
Moulana Azad Educational Foundation, National and State Minority Financial
Corporations and a host of such other institutions. At the local level,
it is the responsibility of educated class that they should make maximum
information available to them and be a part of such initiatives so
that new educational institutions are established or provided with
modern facilities. Education must find the highest priority in our
future scheme of things. Without quality education we can not meet
the threats and challenges of the too competitive business world and
"Here we should acknowledge the efforts made by all those personalities, organizations, social workers and politicians who are doing good and constructive work in the field of education within the community in particular and the larger Indian community in general".
The Political temperament of a community plays an important role in its development and prosperity because it is this temperament that determines its goals and priorities and also provides base for its educational, economic, cultural, moral and progressive development. However, to bring rationality and cohesiveness in the temperament, proper leadership, necessary organizational back up, vibrant party system and above all consensus on all major issues and stands is the pre-requisite and pre-condition for it. It is the community and national spirit and its obsession that together gives birth to a movement and direction to the society.
A serious exercise for community building not only inspires a particular community but it provides an opportunity to other communities to emulate or evolve proper strategies for their development too. Such a movement also helps in nation building, a target that is always dear to all likeminded people and patriotic forces.
India is a country with huge political, social and economic dimensions, vast territorial boundaries, strategic geographical surroundings, multi-religious, multi-lingual and multi-cultural ethos and with so much of diversity but still the people have been amazingly living in perfect harmony for centuries together. All sections of the society have same constitutional rights to avail all opportunities and prosper irrespective of caste and creed, faith, values, customs and traditions, languages, cultures and heritage, life style and food habits, they belong to or come from.
This affinity has been continuing since long and it continued till the arrival of the British in India. It would be difficult to find even a single example of communal riots during about eight hundred years Muslim rule. On the contrary, a number of examples can be given regarding religious harmony, mutual understanding, mutual respect and regard for each other which have been noticed, appreciated and above all acknowledged by many Indian and western historians and even social circles. In this way majority community had a chance for fair play and participation in various sectors, such as, business, industry, trade, financial system, education and executive and also enjoyed equal religious freedom and the sanctity of their religious places was completely preserved. They were an indispensable part of Mughal army. Thus, they had full participation in all spheres of life. There is no scope for raising a finger. Few incidents of atrocities or excesses during war are mere exceptions and were not the order of the day. Fanatics and communal elements knowingly overlook ground realities and depict a wrong picture. Probably this is the reason that the first war of independence was led by none other than the last Mughal Emperor Shaheed Bahadur Shah Zafar(May God be kind to him and he is awarded a place in heaven) is perhaps the most perfect example of Hindu-Muslim unity. But this was the time when the country had almost gone into the complete control of the British and they had started to create a wall of hatred between Hindus and Muslims. For giving air to separatist tendencies, the then rulers continued to play that card till partition, the goal which they achieved because of Hindu-Muslim divide. Centuries old brotherhood and affinity came under serious threat and finally it resulted in the partition of the country. Undoubtedly, it was the dawn of a new era for all communities constituting Indian nation but communal holocaust overcasted the whole sky and the spirit of independence dampened at least for the time being. The new sun was yet to rise and the full moon situation appeared to be a distant reality and rightly so because rays of light have not reached many homes till today and many of them have not seen light of the day for want of clear atmosphere.
Same is the position of the atmosphere of our national politics. Even today it is not free from different kinds of misunderstandings, wrong notions, and misleading tendencies. As regards huge Muslim population, which of course is an integral part of the Indian society but its importance is realized only on the eve of elections when there is time to use them as vote bank by all political parties to serve their vested political interests and constituencies. This happens because of our immature political outlook, lack of farsightedness, underestimation of the political status, its decisive impact on the outcome. Other reasons are absence of competent Muslim leadership, vibrant social structure, cadre based organizational network and also the evils of adhocism, which we adopt as an approach to always guide our actions, reactions and responses.
"We are like a crowd which after hearing the noise starts rushing from one end to another without realizing the consequences and the background of the trap. We tend to forget that some one may be behind the curtain playing all kinds of dirty tricks and traits of politics to malign us as a community, follower of a particular religious faith, an independent socio-cultural entity with a glorious past and a brighter future or might be serving the hidden agenda of our opponents. As a result we are easily trapped by the malicious designs of such vested interests. Instead of giving them the befitting reply we are found serving their evil commitments and contributing to get them the yield of their own choice".
"We need to emerge as a dynamic and matured society and not as an unruly crowd devoid of any political, social, economic, educational and development sense and conscience. This is necessary to attain an independent and autonomous status, a status which empowers us to become the master of our own fate. 200 million heads and four hundred million hands, feet and muscles each and so ineffective. What a shame?
Remember our consolidation may make us the practical rulers of this country, Awake, Awake and Awake".
Let some one come forward to discharge this duty and start this process. It is high time to act and initiate.
Indian Muslims form a considerable part of Indian population spread over all parts of the country, be it a city, town or village but till this day they are yet to be realized as a vibrant political force. The situation warrants that we must look into our weaknesses and lapses and try to make them good by chalking out proper action plan. In order to achieve this target a movement aiming at unity within community and its consolidation, should be initiated from the grass root level, that is street, mohalla, village, town and district and in a natural course must reach the state and national level.
IMPORTANCE OF NATIONAL ORGANIZATION
IMPORTANCE OF NATIONAL LEADERSHIP
As a result of this materialistic approach of our leaders, they have been able to amass wealth, derive all benefits and get all amenities of life but the life of common Muslim has remained static or has deteriorated. They should be accountable to the community. Now the situation warrants that we should do some serious exercise to have sincere leadership. There is no dearth of sincere, selfless and honest persons in the community; the problem is of picking them up. We can still get selfless, honest and dignified leadership for which the community has been striving since long. As a matter of fact, such persons are reluctant to come forward because of declining political and moral values. This effort is a step in the right direction. It is undoubtedly an uphill task and needs patience but nothing is impossible.
"We want a leadership that has its roots in India, have attained perfect understanding of community problems and possesses the necessary will and determination to resolve all outstanding issues within the framework of Indian constitution. This leadership needs to be moderate in approach, rational in thinking, firm in conviction and stands taken, dynamic to the core, mindful of its responsibilities and dutiful in performance. Its perceptions and perspectives are clear, its assets are in India, its finances are available for scrutiny and above all it is capable of acheiving compatability between the community interests and supreme national interests. It is capable to take us to desired heights and is instrumental in cultivating better majority- minority relationship. And Indian Muslims must remember that good relations with majority community shall facilitate the resolution of our outstanding problems. Course of enmity or confrontation with any group of people will never yield a positive result; it will always add feul to the fire".
LACK OF CONSULTATIVE MACHINERY
The importance of individual thinking cannot be ruled out but in order to get full benefits of the available and prospective opportunities, mutual consultation and deliberation is essential in order to arrive at correct and timely decisions. It is absolutely impossible for an individual to look into all pros and cons of every problem. It requires appropriate, comprehensive and more practicable approach. Islam gives due importance to mutual consultation to resolve the problems and disputes whether they are between individuals, groups, societies and countries.
The basic reason for this state of confusion is that we have no proper consultative machinery. I have already suggested the formation of a consultative system and its procedure in which Imams of Mosques shall have a practicing role to play. I have also put forward a proposal for the formation of Bhaichara committees to check communal riots, if both of these suggestions are implemented; the Muslim society shall definitely come up.
NO MUSLIM PARTY IS POPULAR
There is no dearth of Muslim organizations but none of them has a national base or is genuinely popular among Indian Muslims. It will be a futile exercise to criticize or appreciate these organizations. Indian Union Muslim league in Kerala is the only political party by worth; consideration and substance whereas Majlis Ittehad-ul-Muslimeen in Andhra Pradesh has a token influence in Andhra Pradesh and both of them are regional parties.
INDIAN MUSLIMS, THE ONLY COMMUNITY DEPRIVED OF AN ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE
It is a matter of great concern that in spite of being a considerable part of Indian population we neither have any political ideology nor a movement, rather we are emerging in the form of such a society where we butcher ourselves at the altar of mutual rifts and differences at all levels.
Islam does not believe in caste system nor there is any scope for narrow mindedness in it but sometimes our leaders and parties divide us on these lines too.
We may belong to different schools of thought, may subscribe to different convictions and perceptions about our religion but unanimity in matters of common interest and consensus on matters of national interest through collective consultations is not allowed to be highjacked by these diversities. As far as Indian Muslims are concerned they have similar aspirations and problems. It is the hypocritical and selfish approach of our so called leaders which is dividing us. Let us take a pledge to evolve a proper organizational structure and draft a political ideology for improving the lot of this poor and bewildered community.
The Present Political Perspective
u The community is being exploited by one and all. If annoyed with one group, it switches over to another for being exploited further.
u Absence of judicious and rational approach in arriving at political decisions.
u Problems and their solutions are the same but the approach to their resolution lacks unity of action, sincerity of purpose and social harmony.
u Muslim community in general, state and local elections present itself as a divided house devoid of taking matured and community friendly decisions.
During assembly elections decisions are not taken on the basis of local issues. This badly affects their developmental activity and mobilization.
"In the present political system, it is not possible to have power directly. However, the target can definitely be achieved indirectly through the application of collective wisdom and by scientifically strategizing our political moves. Sometimes, even the winning parties in whose victory we have been instrumental, do not acknowledge our contribution and become indifferent to us and our issues after elections. Why? It is a thought of the day for all of us. As of now, every body is playing musical chairs with us or we are considered like a musical instrument which one acquires/holds to produce a tune of one's own choice. Our intellectuals must ponder over it"
As stated earlier also, Muslim voters have a vital role to play in a considerable number of Parliamentary and assembly constituencies but their number is declining everywhere because of conspiracies against them and unbalanced delimitation and reservation of constituencies in such a manner that Muslims suffer under all circumstances and sometimes lose even their majority character. It is also an admitted fact that Muslim voters play a decisive role in the defeat and victory of political parties. For example Congress lost power on a number of occasions because of its poor support and on many occasions it came into minority and thereby loosing the taste of power. Janata Party could grab the power from Congress with the support of Muslim voters. Clear defeats of the governments of Rajiv Gandhi and Narsimha Rao as a result of Muslim backlash after Babri Masjid tragedy are other examples. Most recent defeat of NDA and the victory of U.P.A. are such other precedents on the basis of which Muslims can well assess their strength themselves. Such examples are available at the state levels too. If Muslims withdraw support from Lalu and Mulayam where do they stand is not difficult to assess. All indicators are in our favor. It is only the lack of matured will for which we are paying so heavily.
The sole purpose of going into such details is that as a community we must be conscious about our distinctly unique place and realize the extent to which we command the decisive and recurring influence on the overall political structure of the country. We are the strongest pressure group in India but we do not know how to play our cards. We need to learn to act first, if we want others to respond. Let us activate our will, wisdom and working mechanism and mannerism to achieve the legitimately due.
"With the Shilanyas (laying foundation stone) at Ayodhya in 1989, the socio-political environment of the country changed substantially. The congress which once believed in the principle of unity in diversity, as the basis for the formulation of national policy started playing communal card and thus, providing a ground, desperately sought for, by Bhartiya Janata Party and the Sangh Parivar right from day one of their existence to get the required political mileage. Shilaniyas pacified religious sentiments of Hindus but doors of pacific solution of the problem were almost closed. In desperation Members of Muslim clergy were flown to the site by helicopter to satisfy the community. The result was that Hindus came into the fold of BJP while Muslims started searching for an alternative to congress, an effort continuing till today. In the year 1992, the mosque was demolished and consequently communal politics gained further strength. In 1996 election, BJP emerged as the largest political party but could not win over allies. Devi Gowda and Inder Kumar Gujral formed the government, but were dislodged from power by congress soon for no valid reasons. In 1998, mid term polls were held and BJP with the support of its allies formed its first government in the country. In the year 1999 when elections were held again after 13 months, BJP got absolute majority from NDA platform. NDA held power for more than 5 ½ years and lost the elections in 2004. Now once again the congress has come to power with its allies. This should be kept in mind that the decisive role of Muslim voters has been a very important factor in coalition governments.
At state level, regional political parties have become stronger now. National political parties have also fallen in the category of big regional political parties, for example BJP is confined to Delhi, H.P., Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Haryana, Punjab and Karnataka but in all these states regional political parties and congress are face to face. In Punjab BJP is a junior partner with Akali Dal; same is the situation in Haryana. However, in Karnataka, it has opponents but not allies. It is at third place after congress and Janata Dal Secular. In these states, congress is opponent of BJP. At the same time it also has a base in Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Punjab. In Bihar the fight is between congress and Rashtriya Janata Dal, CPM, NCP on one hand and Janata Dal United and BJP on the other hand. In Uttar Pradesh BJP is pitted against Samajwadi party, Bahujan Samaj Party and Congress, same is the position in Uttaranchal, Tamil Nadu has two regional parties, in Orissa the direct fight is between Biju Janata Dal and congress. The national politics is now divided in a number of regions and this has given birth to coalition governments. The coalition era of politics and government is going to continue".
As far as national problems are concerned, these need not be discussed as there is complete consensus on all national issues. Only a few persons or a handful of persons in a few parties might be having their own agenda. There can't be two opinions on issues of national importance like patriotism, internal and external security, preservation of integrity and unity and such other issues. Such issues always have precedence over individual or community interests. Muslims, by their conduct, have proved truthfulness of such noble thoughts. We, the Muslims, are always mentally and physically prepared for making all sorts of sacrifices, as and when the situation so demands. It is not peculiar to Muslims; all have to and should behave as such. Dignity and honour of our country is necessarily dear to all of us and we must always be ready to protect it at our level as our soldiers do it at borders under scorching heat, bitter cold, fast blowing winds etc i.e. in difficult situations, most difficult situations and awesome situations at land, in air, water, mountains, terrains, glaciers etc. even in minus and above normal temperatures. Our army is composed of all groups of people and remains a living example of our secular polity, society and composite culture.Hare I salute all those brave Jawans and officers of Indian Army, Air Force, Navy and other Para Military forces who are performing their national duty of fighting against the hostile designs of internal and external forces.
MOMENT OF CONCERN
In these circumstances, Muslims, in spite of being a very strong pressure group and being capable of playing a decisive role at all political levels, do not have any say or role in the process of government formation, be it any government, centre or state. It is a matter of shame for the 200 million strong community, its organizational network and collective leadership that with such a strong population and single largest vote bank we are found begging for our legitimate rights. The sorry state of affairs calls for self introspection and self correction. This is time to re-vitalize and re-channelise our energies if we are keen to better strategize for a better tomorrow and this will be possible only when we, as a community genuinely re-dedicate ourselves for the common good of Indians in general and the Muslims in perticular.
FORMATION OF PRESSURE GROUP
Let it begin at home, pass through the street, mosque, revise at local school, have authenticity of religious scholar, be benefited of the understanding of intellectual, absorb the legal depressant of an advocate, be influenced by the character of teacher, assimilate the feeling of performance of a sane social worker, encouraging the young student, pass through personal meeting, chaupals, chowks and returning again to home with parents and other elder members of the family and in the neighborhood and after reaching in the form of a decision should be presented before the society .
COUNTRY WIDE BROTHERHOOD COMMITTEES
Today mutual understanding, affection, relationship and faith is badly needed for the development of the country and community, it is not only our community requirement but much more than that is a national requirement. Let us forget our past bitterness, animosities, hatred, conspiracies, negative thinking, hypocrisies and together start working to make our beloved country developed country by 2020 and also come forward to build a new civilized society. Let us demolish the wall of hatred and must construct the fort of love and affection. I request to the entire Indian community in general and to the Indian Muslims in particular to come forward for the establishment of such committees. Here I also want to make a few basic submissions to Muslim society.
1. With reference to the stand on national affairs, problems and matters, we need more transparent expression and stands.
2. We always organize Muslim conventions and that too at the time of elections. Why? When are we going to organize conventions, symposiums, seminars and workshops on issues that we face as a nation?
"There is a dire need to hold a National Conference on Kashmir and Terrorism by Indian Muslims and this initiative, I intend to take in the near future. Inshallah".
3. Whenever aggression, high handed and heart burning incidents take place with our sisters and brothers in the majority community, our reaction should be prompt, candid and free from all sorts of reservations and suspicions. We expect the same from them as and when the situation so warrants. This is tangibly lacking in both.
4. We pray to Almighty for Muslims only. This is not proper Creator in whom we express our faith is the Creator of all worlds and of all communities. By acting and behaving in such a silly way we do the utmost injustice to our faith. Islam is a faith which belongs to the whole of humanity and not to Muslims alone. Some of the extremists who live under this illusion should overcome this individual weakness. Therefore, it should be clearly expressed through our prayers, deeds, acts and promises. For this initiative to succeed each one of you have to come forward and make your contribution. I believe that there are such reliable non political, undisputed and clean image persons available in the community who concentrates only on the problems and their solutions. Their thinking is also like this but they avoid performing the duties imposed upon them to guide the society to right path because of some expediency. Hence you have to come forward. Don't annoy the political workers of the contesting candidates around you neither get too close to them and nor argue on any matter. You must make efforts only to make public opinion so that people are able to take decision on the basis of problems.
Our national strategy should be based on the cleanliness of the drains. This should be kept in mind and don't jump directly to parliament, every one wants to work at national level whether he has some existence at the street level or not this approach must be avoided.